MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Bibliography (A-Z)

Haag, R.W. & Gorham, P.R., 1977. Effects of thermal effluent on standing crop and net production of Elodea canalensis and other submerged macrophytes in Lake Wabaman, Alberta. Journal of Applied Ecology, 14, 835-851.

Haahti, H. & Perttila, M., 1988. Levels and trends of organochlorines in cod and herring in the northern Baltic. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 19(1), 29-32.

Hagen, K.D. & Nelson, D.C., 1997. Use of reduced sulfur compounds by Beggiatoa spp.: enzymology and physiology of marine and freshwater strains in homogeneous and gradient cultures. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 63, 3957-3964.

Hagen, N., 1997. Sea urchin outbreaks and epizootic disease as regulating mechanisms in coastal ecosystems. Oceanographic Literature Review, 2 (44), 131.

Hagen, N.T., 1995. Recurrent destructive grazing of successionally immature kelp forests by green sea urchins in Vestfjorden, Northern Norway. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 123, 95-106.

Hagerman, L. & Szaniawska, A., 1986. Behaviour, tolerance and anaerobic metabolism under hypoxia in the brackish-water shrimp Crangon crangon. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 34, 125-132.

Hagerman, L. & Vismann, B., 1995. Anaerobic metabolism in the shrimp Crangon crangon exposed to hypoxia, anoxia and hydrogen sulfide. Marine Biology, 123, 235-240.

Hagerman, L., 1968. The ostracod fauna of Corallina officinalis L. in western Norway. Sarsia, 36, 49-54.

Haglund, K., Axelsson, L. & Pedersen, M., 1987. Photosynthesis and respiration in the alga Ahnfeltia plicata in a flow through system. Marine Biology, 96, 409-412.

Hailey, N., 1995. Likely impacts of oil and gas activities on the marine environment and integration of environmental considerations in licensing policy. English Nature Research Report, no 145., Peterborough: English Nature.

Hailey, N., 1995. Likely impacts of oil and gas activities on the marine environment and integration of environmental considerations in licensing policy. English Nature Research Report, no 145., Peterborough: English Nature.

Haka, P., Holopainen, I.J., Ikonen, E., et al., 1974. Paarjarven pohjaelaimiste. Luonnon Tutk., 78, 157-173.

Halcrow, K., 1985. The fine structure of the pore canals of the Talitrid amphipod Hyale nilssoni (Rathke). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 5, 606-615.

Hales, J. & Fletcher, R., 1989. Studies on the recently introduced brown alga Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt. Botanica Marina, 32 (2), 167-176.

Hales, J. M., & Fletcher, R. L., 1989. Studies on the recently introduced brown alga Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt. Botanica Marina, 32(2), 167-176.

Halfar, J., Zack, T., Kronz, A. & Zachos, J.C. 2000. Growth and high-resolution paleoenvironmental signals of rhodoliths (coralline red algae): a new biogenic archive. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 107-116.

Hall, J.A. & Frid, C.L.J. 1998. Colonisation patterns of adult macrobenthos in a polluted North Sea Estuary. Aquatic Ecology, 31, 333-340.

Hall, J.A. & Frid, C.L.J., 1995. Response of estuarine benthic macrofauna in copper-contaminated sediments to remediation of sediment quality. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 30, 694-700.

Hall, J.A. & Frid, C.L.J., 1997. Benthic community structure and sediment heavy metal concentrations in two estuaries in NE England. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumbria, 57, 207-236.

Hall, K., Paramour, O.A.L., Robinson, L.A., Winrow-Giffin, A., Frid, C.L.J., Eno, N.C., Dernie, K.M., Sharp, R.A.M., Wyn, G.C. & Ramsay, K., 2008. Mapping the sensitivity of benthic habitats to fishing in Welsh waters - development of a protocol. CCW (Policy Research) Report No: 8/12, Countryside Council for Wales (CCW), Bangor, 85 pp. 

Hall, S.J. & Harding, M.J.C., 1997. Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: the effects of mechanical harvesting of cockles on non-target benthic infauna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 497-517.

Hall, S.J., 1994. Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: life in unconsolidated sediments. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 179-239.

Hall, S.J., Basford, D.J. & Robertson, M.R., 1990. The impact of hydraulic dredging for razor clams Ensis spp. on an infaunal community. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 27, 119-125.

Hall, S.J., Basford, D.J., Robertson, M.R., Raffaelli, D.G. & Tuck, I., 1991. Patterns of recolonisation and the importance of pit-digging by the crab Cancer pagurus in a subtidal sand habitat. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 72, 93-102.

Hall-Spencer J., Kelly J. and Maggs C. 2010. Background document for Maerl Beds. OSPAR Commission, The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (DEHLG), Ireland

Hall-Spencer J., White N., Gillespie E., Gillham K. and Foggo A. 2006. Impact of fish farms on maerl beds in strongly tidal areas. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 326, 1-9

Hall-Spencer, J., 2005. Ban on maerl extraction. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50.

Hall-Spencer, J. & Bamber, R., 2007. Effects of salmon farming on benthic Crustacea. Ciencias Marinas, 33 (4), 353-366.

Hall-Spencer, J., 1999. Maerl habitats under threat. Marine Conservation, 4, 15.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., 1994. Biological studies on nongeniculate Corallinaceae.  Ph.D. thesis, University of London.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Atkinson, R.J.A., 1999. Upogebia deltaura (Crustacea: Thalassinidea) in Clyde Sea maerl beds, Scotland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 871-880.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., 2000b. Limaria hians (Mollusca: Limacea): A neglected reef-forming keystone species. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 10, 267-278.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., 2000a. Impact of scallop dredging on maerl grounds. In Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats. (ed. M.J. Kaiser & S.J., de Groot) 105-117. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., 2000c. Scallop dredging has profound, long-term impacts on maerl habitats. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 1407-1415.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., 1998. Conservation issues relating to maerl beds as habitats for molluscs. Journal of Conchology Special Publication, 2, 271-286.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., 1995. Lithothamnion corallioides (P. & H. Crouan) P. & H. Crouan may not extend into Scottish waters. http://www.botany.uwc.ac.za/clines/clnews/cnews20.htm, 2000-10-15

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Allain, V. & Fosså, J.H., 2002. Trawling damage to Northeast Atlantic ancient coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 269, 507-511.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Froglia, C., Atkinson, R.J.A & Moore, P.G., 1999. The impact of Rapido trawling for scallops, Pecten jacobaeus (L.), on the benthos of the Gulf of Venice. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 56, 111-124

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Grall, J., Moore, P.G. & Atkinson, R.J.A., 2003. Bivalve fishing and maerl-bed conservation in France and the UK - retrospect and prospect. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 13, Suppl. 1 S33-S41.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Pike, J. & Munn, C.B., 2007. Diseases affect cold-water corals too: Eunicella verrucosa (Cnidaria: Gorgonacea) necrosis in SW England Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 76, 87-97.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Tasker, M., Soffker, M., Christiansen, S., Rogers, S.I., Campbell, M. & Hoydal, K., 2009. Design of Marine Protected Areas on high seas and territorial waters of Rockall Bank. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 397, 305-308.

Hammann, M., Buchholz, B., Karez, R. & Weinberger, F., 2013. Direct and indirect effects of Gracilaria vermiculophylla on native Fucus vesiculosus. Aquatic Invasions, 8 (2), 121-132.

Hammer, L., 1972. Anaerobiosis in marine algae and marine phanerograms. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Seaweed Symposium, Sapporo, Japan, August 8-12, 1971 (ed. K. Nisizawa, S. Arasaki, Chihara, M., Hirose, H., Nakamura V., Tsuchiya, Y.), pp. 414-419. Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

Hammett, F.S. & Hammett, D.W., 1945. Seasonal changes in Obelia colony composition. Growth, 9, 55-144.

Hammett, F.S., 1943. The role of amino acids and nucleic acid components in developmental growth. Part one. The growth of the Obelia hydranth. Chapter one. Description of Obelia and its growth. Growth, 7, 331-399.

Hammett, F.S., 1951a. Quantitative growth in Obelia colonies in culture. II. Seasonal changes in rates of basic activities. A. Initiation. Growth, 15, 23-47.

Hammett, F.S., 1951b. Quantitative growth in Obelia colonies in culture. II. Seasonal changes in rates of basic activities. B. Proliferation. Growth, 15, 125-140.

Hammett, F.S., 1951c. Quantitative growth in Obelia colonies in culture. II. Seasonal changes in rates of basic activities. C. Differentiation. Growth, 15, 189-200.

Hammett, F.S., 1951d. Quantitative growth in Obelia colonies in culture. II. Seasonal changes in rates of basic activities. D. Organisation. Growth, 15, 201-210.

Hammett, F.S., 1951e. Quantitative growth in Obelia colonies in culture. II. Seasonal changes in rates of basic activities. E. Maintenance, regression, catabolism, injury. Growth, 15, 225-239.

Hammond, L., 1983. Experimental studies of salinity tolerance, burrowing behavior and pedicle regeneration in Lingula anatina (Brachiopoda, Inarticulata). Journal of Paleontology, 1311-1316.

Hamond, R., 1957. Notes on the Hydrozoa of the Norfolk Coast. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology), 43, 294-324.

Hamond, R., 1966. The Polychaeta of the coast of Norfolk. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 7, 383-436.

Han, Q., Bouma, T.J., Brun, F.G., Suykerbuyk, W. & Van Katwijk, M., 2012. Resilience of Zostera noltii to burial or erosion disturbances. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 449.

Hancock, D.A. Drinnan, R.E. Harris, W.N. 1956. Notes on the biology of Sertularia argentea L. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 35, 307-325

Hancock, D.A. & Franklin, A., 1972. Seasonal changes in the condition of the edible cockle Cardium edule (L.). Journal of Applied Ecology, 9, 567-579.

Hancock, D.A. & Urquhart, A.E., 1964. Mortalities of edible cockles (Cardium edule L.) during the severe winter of 1962-64. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 33, 176-178.

Hancock, D.A., 1967. Growth and mesh selection in the edible cockle (Cardium edule L.). Journal of Applied Ecology, 4, 137-157.

Hancock, D.A., 1954. The destruction of oyster spat by Urosalpinx cinerea (Say) on Essex oyster beds. Journal du Conseil, 20, 186-196.

Hancock, D.A., 1955. The feeding behaviour of starfish on Essex oyster beds. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 34, 313-337.

Hancock, D.A., 1958. Notes on starfish on an Essex oyster bed. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37, 565-589.

Hancock, D.A., 1957. The feeding behaviour of the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris (Gmelin) in the laboratory. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 129, 255-262.

Handå, A., Forbord, S., Wang, X., Broch, O.J., Dahle, S.W., Storseth, T.R., Reitan, K.I., Olsen, Y. & Skjermo, J., 2013. Seasonal and depth-dependent growth of cultivated kelp (Saccharina latissima) in close proximity to salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture in Norway. Aquaculture, 414, 191-201.

Hand, C. & Uhlinger, K.R., 1992. The culture, sexual and asexual reproduction, and growth of the sea anemone,Nematostella vectensis. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 182, 169-176.

Hand, C. & Uhlinger, K.R., 1994. The unique, widely distributed, estuarine sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis, Stephenson: A review, new facts and questions. Estuaries, 17, 501-508.

Hand, C. & Uhlinger, K.R., 1995. Asexual reproduction by transverse fission and some anomalies in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis. Invertebrate Biology, 114, 9-18.

Hand, C., 1955b. The sea anemones of central California. Part II. The endomyarian and mesomyarian anemones. The Wassmann Journal of Biology, 13, 37-99.

Hand, C.H., 1955. The sea anemones of central California: San Francisco University, Wasmann Biological Society.

Hanisak M.D., 1979. Effect of indole-3-acetic acid on growth of Codium fragile subsp tomentosoides (Chlorophyceae) in culture. Journal of Phycology 15, 124-127.

Hanlon, R. T. & Messenger, J. B., 1996. Cephalopod Behaviour Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hannam, M.L., Hagger, J.A., Jones, M.B. & Galloway, T.S., 2008. Characterisation of esterases as potential biomarkers of pesticide exposure in the lugworm Arenicola marina (Annelida : Polychaeta). Environmental Pollution, 152 (2), 342-350.

Hansen, B. & McKenzie, J.D., 1991. A taxonomic review of northern Atlantic species Thyonidiinae and Semperiellinae (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Dendrochirotida). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 103, 101-127.

Hansen, B. & Ockelmann, K.W., 1991. Feeding behaviour in larvae of the opisthobranch Philine aperta. I. Growth and functional response at the different developmental stages. Marine Biology, 111, 255-261.

Hansen, B. W., Stenalt, E., Petersen, J.K. & Ellegaard, C., 2002. Invertebrate re-colonisation in Mariager Fjord (Denmark) after severe hypoxia. I. Zooplankton and settlement. Ophelia 56 (3), 197-213.

Hansen, B., 1991. Feeding behaviour in larvae of the opisthobranch Philine aperta. II. Food size spectra and particle selectivity in relation to larval behaviour and morphology of the velar structures. Marine Biology, 111, 263-270.

Hansen, B., 1993. Aspects of feeding, growth and stage development by trochophore larvae of the boreal polychaete Mediomastus fragile (Rasmussen) (Capitellidae). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 166, 273-288.

Hansen, G.H. & Olafsen, J.A., 1989. Bacterial Colonization of Cod (Gadus morhua L.) and Halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) Eggs in Marine Aquaculture. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 55(6), 1435-1446.

Hansen, J.I., Mustafa, T. & Depledge, M., 1992. Mechanisms of copper toxicity in the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. I. Effects on Na,K-ATPase activity, hemolymph electrolyte concentrations and tissue water contents. Marine Biology, 114, 253-257.

Hanson Aggregates Marine Limited 1998. 1998 Hastings shingle bank : southern England, biological and habitat survey. [on-line] http://www.marlin.ac.uk, 2003-02-22

Hansson, H., 1998. NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): South Scandinavian marine Echinodermata Check-List. Tjärnö Marine Biological Assocation [On-line] [cited 26/01/16]. Available from: http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/neat_pdf/NEAT*Echinodermata.pdf

Hansson, S. & Rudstam, L., 1990. Eutrophication and Baltic fish communities. Ambio, 19(3), 123-125.

Hardege, J.D., Bentley, M.G. & Snape, L., 1998. Sediment selection by juvenile Arenicola marina. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 166, 187-195.

Harden Jones, F.R. & Scholes, P., 1974. The effect of low temperature on cod, Gadus morhua. Journal du Conseil Permanent International pour l'Exploration de la Mer 35, 258– 271.

Harder, D.L., Hurd, C.L. & Speck, T., 2006. Comparison of mechanical properties of four large, wave-exposed seaweeds. American Journal of Botany, 93 (10), 1426-1432.

Harding, J.M. & Mann, R., 1999. Observations on the biology of the Veined Rapa whelk, Rapana whelk (Valenciennes, 1846) in the Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Shellfish Research, 18(1), 9-17.

Harding, J.M., King, S.E., Powell, E.N. & Mann, R., 2008. Decadal trends in age structure and recruitment patterns of ocean quahogs Arctica islandica from the Mid-Atlantic Bight in relation to water temperature. Journal of Shellfish Research, 27(4), 667-690.

Hardy, F.G. & Guiry, M.D., 2003. A check-list and atlas of the seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. London: British Phycological Society

Hardy, F.G. & Moss, B.L., 1978. The attachment of zygote and germlings of Halidrys siliquosa (L) Lyngb. (Phaeophyceae, Fucales). Phycologia, 17, 69-78.

Hardy, F.G., 1993. Long term changes in the macroalgae of three polluted estuaries in north-eastern England. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 172, 81-92.

Hareide, N., Carlson, J., Clarke, M., Clarke, S., Ellis, J., Fordham, S., Fowler, S., Pinho, M., Raymakers, C. & Serena, F., 2007. European Shark Fisheries: a preliminary investigation into fisheries, conversion factors, trade products, markets and management measures. European Elasmobranch Association, 1-57.

Harger, J.R.E. & Landenberger, D.E., 1971. The effects of storms as a density dependent mortality factor on populations of sea mussels. The Veliger, 14, 195-210.

Hargrave, B.T., 1980. Factors affecting the flux of organic matter to sediments in a marine bay. In Marine Benthic Dynamics (eds. Tenore, K.R. & Coull, B.C.), 243-263. USA: University of South Carolina Press.

Haring, R.N., Dethier, M.N. & Williams, S.L., 2002. Desiccation facilitates wave-induced mortality of the intertidal alga Fucus gardneri. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 232, 75-82.

Hariot, M.P., 1909. Sur la crissance des Fucus. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des seances de l'Academie des sciences Paris, 149, 352 - 354.

Harker, M., Berkaloff, C., Lemoine, Y., Britton, G., Young, A.J., Duval, J.-C., Rmiki, N.-E. & Rousseau, B., 1999. Effects of high light and desiccation on the operation of the xanthophyll cycle in two marine brown algae. European Journal of Phycology, 34 (1), 35-42.

Harkin, E., 1981. Fluctuations in epiphyte biomass following Laminaria hyperborea canopy removal. In Proceedings of the Xth International Seaweed Symposium, Gø teborg, 11-15 August 1980 (ed. T. Levring), pp.303-308. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Harley, M. B., 1950. Occurrence of a filter-feeding mechanism in the polychaete Nereis diversicolor. Nature, 165, 734-735.

Harlin, M.M., & Lindbergh, J.M., 1977. Selection of substrata by seaweed: optimal surface relief. Marine Biology, 40, 33-40.

Harms, J. & Anger, K., 1983. Seasonal, annual, and spatial variation in the development of hard bottom communities. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 36, 137-150.

Harms, J. & Seeger, B., 1989. Larval development and survival in seven decapod species (Crustacea) in relation to laboratory diet. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 133, 129-139.

Harms, J., 1984. Influence of water temperature on larval development of Elminius modestus and Semibalanus balanoides. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 38, 123-134.

Harper, D.A.T., 1991. The brachiopods Neocrania and Terebratulina from Galway Bay. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 23, 371-376.

Harris, G.J. & Morgan, E., 1984b. The effects of ethanol, valinomycin and cycloheximide on the endogenous circa-tidal rhythm of the estuarine amphipod Corophium volutator (Pallas). Marine Behaviour and Physiology, 10, 219-233.

Harris, G.J. & Morgan, E., 1984a. The effects of salinity changes on the endogenous circa-tidal rhythm of the amphipod Corophium volutator (Pallas). Marine Behaviour and Physiology, 10, 199-217.

Harris, M.P. & Wanless, S., 1997. Breeding success, diet, and brood neglect in the kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) over an 11-year period. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54(4), 615-623.

Harris, R.R. & Ulmestrand, M., 2004. Discarding Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus L.) through low salinity layers – mortality and damage seen in simulation experiments. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, 61(1), 127-139.

Harrison, F.W. & Cowden, R.R., 1976. Aspects of sponge biology. Academic Press.

Harrison, P.G., 1977. Decomposition of macrophyte detritus in seawater: effects of grazing by amphipods. Oikos, 28, 165-170.

Hartikainen, H., Johnes, P., Moncrieff, C. & Okamura, B., 2009. Bryozoan populations reflect nutrient enrichment and productivity gradients in rivers. Freshwater Biology, 54 (11), 2320-2334.

Hartley, J.P., 1984. The benthic ecology of the Forties Oilfield (North Sea). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 80, 161-195.

Hartman, W.D., 1958. Natural history of the marine sponges of southern New England. Peabody Museum of Natural History, Bulletin, 12 (12), 1-155.

Hartmann - Schroeder, G., 1996. Annelida, Borstenwuermer, Polychaeta, Jena: Fischer.

Hartmann-Schroder, G., 1971. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands,  Stuttgart.

Hartnoll, R., 1998. Circalittoral faunal turf biotopes: An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs, Volume VIII. Scottish Association of Marine Sciences, Oban, Scotland.

Hartnoll, R., 1975. The annual cycle of Alcyonium digitatum. Estuarine and coastal marine science, 3 (1), 71-78.

Hartnoll, R.G., 1985. Growth, sexual maturity and reproductive output. Crustacean issues, 3, 101-128.

Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., 1980. Monitoring rocky shore communities: a critical look at spatial and temporal variation. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 33, 484-495.

Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., 1985. Patchiness and fluctuations on moderately exposed rocky shores. Ophelia, 24, 53-63.

Hartnoll, R.G. & Mohamedeen, H., 1987. Laboratory growth of the larvae of six British crabs. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 107, 155-170.

Hartnoll, R.G., 1977. Reproductive strategy in two British species of Alcyonium. In Biology of benthic organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 321-328. New York: Pergamon Press.

Hartnoll, R.G., 1998. Circalittoral faunal turf biotopes: an overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs, Volume VIII. Scottish Association of Marine Sciences, Oban, Scotland. [UK Marine SAC Project. Natura 2000 reports.]

Hartnoll, R.G., 1975. The annual cycle of Alcyonium digitatum. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 3, 71-78.

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Hartnoll, R.G., Bryant, A.D. & Gould, P., 1993. Size distribution in spider crab populations - spatial and temporal variation. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 13, 647-655.

Hartwick, R., 1976. Beach orientation in talitrid amphipods: capacities and strategies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 1 (4), 447-458.

Harvey, C.E., 1969. Breeding and distribution of Sphaeroma (Crustacea: Isopoda) in Britain. The Journal of Animal Ecology, 38(2), 399-406.

Harvey, M. & Bourget, E.,1997. Recruitment of marine invertebrates onto arborescent epibenthic structures: active and passive processes acting at different spatial scales. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 153, 203‐215. 

Harvey, M. & Bourget, E., 1997. Recruitment of marine invertebrates onto arborescent epibenthic structures — active and passive processes acting at different spatial scales. Marine Ecological Progress Series153, 203–215.

Harvey, M. & Bourget, E., 1995. Experimental evidence of passive accumulation of marine bivalve larvae on filamentous epibenthic structures. Limnology and Oceanography, 40, 94-104.

Harvey, M. & Vincent, B., 1989. Spatial and temporal variations of the reproduction cycle and energy allocation of the bivalve Macoma balthica (L.) on a tidal flat. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 129, 199-217.

Harvey, M.J. & McLachlan, J., 1973. Chondrus crispus. Proceedings of the Transactions of the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, 27 (Suppl.1), 1-155.

Harvey, R. & Gage, J.D., 1995. Reproduction and recruitment of Nuculoma tenuis (Bivalvia: Nuculoida) from Loch Etive, Scotland. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 61(4), 409-419.

Harvey-Clark, C.J., Stobo, W.T., Helle, E. & Mattson, M., 1999. Putative Mating Behavior in Basking Sharks off the Nova Scotia Coast. Copeia, 1999 (3), 780-782.

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Haslam, S.M., 1978. River plants: the macrophytic vegetation of watercourses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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Hastie, L.C., Joy, J.B., Pierce, G.J. & Yau, C., 1994. Reproductive biology of Todaropsis eblanae (Cephalopoda: Ommastrephidae) in Scottish waters. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74, 367-382.

Hastings, A.B., 1944. Notes on Polyzoa (Bryozoa). I. Umbonula littoralis auctt: U. ovicellata, sp.n. and U. littoralis, sp.n.. Annals & Magazine of Natural History, Series 11, Vol. 11, 273-284

Hastings, M.H., 1981. The lifecycle and productivity of an intertidal population of the Amphipod Ampelisca brevicornis. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 12, 665-677.

Hatcher, A.M., 1998. Epibenthic colonization patterns on slabs of stabilised coal-waste in Poole Bay, UK. Hydrobiologia, 367, 153-162.

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Haug, T., 1990. Biology of the Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus (L., 1758). Advances in Marine Biology, 26, 1-70

Hauton, C., Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., 2003. An experimental study of the ecological impacts of hydraulic bivalve dredging on maerl. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60, 381-392.

Hauton, C., Howell, T.R.W., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Moore, P.G., 2007. Measures of hydraulic dredge efficiency and razor clam production, two aspects governing sustainability within the Scottish commercial fishery. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87 (04), 869-877.

Havenhand, J. & Svane, I., 1989. Larval behaviour, recruitment, and the role of adult attraction in Ascidia mentula O. F. Mueller: Reproduction, genetics and distributions of marine organisms. 23rd European Marine Biology Symposium. Olsen and Olsen, 127-132.

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