Marine biodiversity and conservation

Information on the marine biodiversity of the British Isles and surrounding seas.  Species and habitats are listed separately. The information is presented in 'summary' and 'review' format.  Summary information includes images, description, distribution, and any important characteristics of the species and habitat, similar to that found in an ID guide. The 'reviews' examine the biology or ecology, sensitivity and importance of a species or habitat.  In all cases, terms are defined online, and a full bibliography is provided together with links to further information.

Species

View information on over 850 species below. The species listed are either characteristic of our shores or of conservation interest. The 'species list' presents species arranged by easily recognisable major groups, for example, mammals, fish, sea anemones or sponges. Species information can also be browsed by A-Z or by taxonomy.

Species list Browse A-Z Taxonomic tree

Species that require conservation or protection

Species listed under International conventions, European Directives, or National legislation are identified using a variety of criteria based on historic and current decline, threat, or rarity. Available information on 'listed' species can be viewed using the menus above or the quick buttons below.

Species of Conservation Interest (SOCI) Conservation of Species and Habitats Regulations Northern Ireland Priority Species OSPAR Annex V Priority Marine Features (Scotland) Species of Principal Importance (England) Species of Principal Importance (Wales) UK Biodiversity Action Plan species Wildlife & Countryside Act (1981) Wildlife Northern Ireland Order (1985) Scottish Biodiversity List

Habitats

View information on over 150 habitats. The habitats can also be browsed by the EUNIS biotope classification (Davies et al., 2004) or the UK Marine Habitat Classification biotope classification (Connor et al., 2004).

Habitat list Browse EUNIS Browse biotopes

Habitats that require conservation or protection

Habitats listed under International conventions, European directives, or National legislation are identified using a variety of criteria based on historic and current decline, threat, or rarity. Available information on 'listed' habitats can be viewed using the menus above or the quick buttons below.

Habitats Directive Habitats of Conservation Interest (HOCI) Habitats of Principal Importance OSPAR Annex V Priority Marine Features (Scotland) UK Biodiversity Action Plan habitats

References