BIOTIC Species Information for Echinus esculentus
Researched byDr Harvey Tyler-Walters and Lizzie Tyler Data supplied byMarLIN and University of Sheffield
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandCommon on most coasts of the British Isles but absent from most of east coast of England, the eastern English Channel and some parts of north Wales.
Global distributionAbundant in the N.E. Atlantic from Iceland, north to Finmark, Norway and south to Portugal. Absent from the Mediterranean.
Biogeographic rangeNot researched Depth range0 - 1200 m
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional InformationNo text entered

Substratum preferencesBedrock
Large to very large boulders
Small boulders
Artificial (e.g. metal/wood/concrete)
Under boulders
Crevices / fissures
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Strait / sound
Ria / Voe
Enclosed coast / Embayment
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Wave exposureExposed
Moderately Exposed
Tidal stream strength/Water flowModerately Strong (1-3 kn)
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Mortensen, 1927, Fish & Fish, 1996, Hyman, 1955, Nichols, 1979, Nichols, 1969, Nichols, 1984, JNCC, 1999, Picton & Costello, 1998, NBN, 2002, Hayward & Ryland, 1990, Julie Bremner, unpub data,
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