BIOTIC Species Information for Philine aperta
Click here to view the MarLIN Key Information Review for Philine aperta
Researched byEmily Wilson Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typePermanent hermaphrodite
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonApril to August Reproductive LocationInsufficient information
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span3-5 years Age at reproductive maturityInsufficient information
Generation timeInsufficient information FecundityUp to 50,000 ova per egg mass
Egg/propagule sizeInsufficient information Fertilization typeInsufficient information
Larvae/Juveniles
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potential>10km Larval settlement periodInsufficient information
Duration of larval stage1-6 months   
Reproduction Preferences Additional InformationLongevity is believed to be 3-4 years. In Britain spawning has been recorded from spring to summer when flask-shaped egg masses are laid. Egg masses may each contain up to 50,000 white ova. Veliger larvae hatch after a few days.
Reproduction References Fish & Fish, 1996, Thompson, 1976, Lancaster, 1983, Hansen & Ockelmann, 1991,
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