BIOTIC Species Information for Spatangus purpureus
Click here to view the MarLIN Key Information Review for Spatangus purpureus
Researched byLizzie Tyler Data supplied byUniversity of Sheffield
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Taxonomy
Scientific nameSpatangus purpureus Common namePurple heart urchin
MCS CodeZB219 Recent SynonymsSipho turgidulus var. minor

PhylumEchinodermata SubphylumEchinozoa
Superclass ClassEchinoidea
Subclass OrderSpatangoida
Suborder FamilySpatangidae
GenusSpatangus Speciespurpureus
Subspecies   

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Southward & Campbell, 2006, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Howson & Picton, 1997,
General Biology
Growth formRadial
Globose
Feeding methodSurface deposit feeder
Sub-surface deposit feeder
Mobility/MovementCrawler
Burrower
Environmental positionInfaunal
Typical food typesOrganic detritus HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityNone (< 10 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeMedium(11-20 cm)
HeightNot researched Growth RateNot researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyIndependent
SociabilitySolitary
Toxic/Poisonous?No
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Ursin, 1960, Rees & Dare, 1993, Lawrence, 1987, Fish & Fish, 1996, Southward & Campbell, 2006, Picton, 1993, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Hayward & Ryland, 1990, Julie Bremner, unpub data,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound on most British and Irish coasts.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe from Norway to the Shetlands and south to Spain and the Azores and in the Mediterranean.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate to warm temperate. Depth range0 - 900 m
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesGravel / shingle
Muddy gravel
Coarse clean sand
Muddy sand
Gravelley sand
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Strait / sound
Estuary
Enclosed coast / Embayment
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposureModerately Exposed
Sheltered
Very Sheltered
Tidal stream strength/Water flowField unresearched
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Southward & Campbell, 2006, Picton, 1993, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Hayward & Ryland, 1990, Julie Bremner, unpub data,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonMay to July Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequencyAnnual protracted Regeneration potential No
Life span11-20 years Age at reproductive maturity3-5 years
Generation timeNot researched Fecundity
Egg/propagule size Fertilization typeExternal
Larvae/Juveniles
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodJune to August
Duration of larval stage   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Thorson, 1946, Fish & Fish, 1996, Southward & Campbell, 2006, Picton, 1993, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Julie Bremner, unpub data, Tillin et al., 2006,
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