BIOTIC Species Information for Ctenolabrus rupestris
Click here to view the MarLIN Key Information Review for Ctenolabrus rupestris
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Taxonomy
Scientific nameCtenolabrus rupestris Common nameGoldsinny wrasse
MCS CodeZG397 Recent Synonyms

PhylumChordata SubphylumVertebrata
SuperclassGnathostomata ClassOsteichthyes
SubclassTeleostei OrderPerciformes
Suborder FamilyLabridae
GenusCtenolabrus Speciesrupestris
Subspecies   

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Muus & Dahlstrom, 1974, FishBase, 2000, Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986,
General Biology
Growth formPisciform
Feeding methodPredator
Scavenger
Mobility/MovementSwimmer
Environmental positionDemersal
Typical food typesBryozoans, crustaceans and various gastropods. HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeMedium(11-20 cm)
HeightNot researched Growth Rate3-4 cm / year
Adult dispersal potential>10km DependencyIndependent
SociabilitySolitary
Toxic/Poisonous?No
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969, Darwall et al., 2006, Hillden, 1978, Hillden, 1981,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound off all British and Irish coasts although rare in the southern North Sea.
Global distributionFound in western Europe from Denmark and Scotland to southern Spain, Greece and the Black Sea.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate to warm temperate. Depth rangeFrom 1 m to 50 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesBedrock
Algae
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneLower Eulittoral
Sublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Muus & Dahlstrom, 1974, FishBase, 2000, NBN, 2002, JNCC, 1999, Picton & Costello, 1998, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismOviparous
Reproductive SeasonJune to July Reproductive LocationWater column
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span6-10 years Age at reproductive maturity3-5 years
Generation timeNot researched FecundityInsufficient information
Egg/propagule size0.7-1 mm Fertilization typeExternal
Larvae/Juveniles
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialInsufficient information Larval settlement periodNot relevant
Duration of larval stageNot relevant   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Munk & Nielsen, 2005, Darwall et al., 2006, Hillden, 1981, Fives, 1976,
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