BIOTIC Species Information for Callionymus lyra
Click here to view the MarLIN Key Information Review for Callionymus lyra
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Taxonomy
Scientific nameCallionymus lyra Common nameCommon dragonet
MCS CodeZG452 Recent Synonyms

PhylumChordata SubphylumVertebrata
SuperclassGnathostomata ClassOsteichthyes
SubclassTeleostei OrderPerciformes
Suborder FamilyCallionymus
GenusCallionymus Specieslyra
Subspecies   

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Dipper, 2001, Naylor, 2000, Gibson et al., 2001, Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986,
General Biology
Growth formPisciform
Feeding methodPredator
Scavenger
Mobility/MovementSwimmer
Environmental positionDemersal
Typical food typesSmall invertebrates including polychaetes and crustaceans. HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeMedium-large(21-50cm)
HeightNot researched Growth Rate4-7 cm / year
Adult dispersal potential>10km DependencyIndependent
SociabilitySolitary
Toxic/Poisonous?No
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969, Van der Veer et al., 1990, Chang, 1951,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound off all British and Irish coasts although less common in the North Sea.
Global distributionFound in the eastern Atlantic from southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the Mediterranean basin.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate to Arid. Depth rangeFrom 5 m to 200 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesSandy mud
Muddy sand
Bedrock
Gravel / shingle
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposure
Tidal stream strength/Water flow SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Gibson et al., 2001, JNCC, 1999, NBN, 2002, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Whitehead et al., 1986, Wheeler, 1969, Van der Veer et al., 1990,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismOviparous
Reproductive SeasonMarch to August Reproductive LocationWater column
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span6-10 years Age at reproductive maturity1-2 years
Generation timeNot researched Fecundity5000 to 2,000
Egg/propagule size0.8-1 mm Fertilization typeExternal
Larvae/Juveniles
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialInsufficient information Larval settlement periodNot relevant
Duration of larval stageNot relevant   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Van der Veer et al., 1990, Chang, 1951,
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