Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Baardseth, E., (1970). Synopsis of the biological data on knotted wrack Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 38, Rev. 1.

Barthel, D. & Wolfrath, B., (1989). Tissue sloughing in the sponge Halichondria panicea: a fouling organism prevents being fouled. Oecologia, 78, 357-360.

Bokn, T., (1987). Effects of diesel oil and subsequent recovery of commercial benthic algae. Hydrobiologia, 151/152, 277-284.

Bokn, T.L., Moy, F.E. & Murray, S.N., (1993). Long-term effects of the water-accommodated fraction (WAF) of diesel oil on rocky shore populations maintained in experimental mesocosms. Botanica Marina, 36, 313-319.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2002). The role of scallop-dredge disturbance in long-term changes in Irish Sea benthic communities: a re-analysis of an historical dataset. Journal of Sea Research, 47, 161-184.

Brazier, D.P., Holt, R.H.F., Murray, E. & Nichols, D.M., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 10. Cardigan Bay and North Wales: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1983). Heavy metals from the Fal estuary, Cornwall: a study of long-term contamination by mining waste and its effects on estuarine organisms. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [Occasional Publication, no. 2.]

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Connor, D.W., Allen, J.H., Golding, N., Howell, K.L., Lieberknecht, L.M., Northen, K.O. & Reker, J.B., (2004). The Marine Habitat Classification for Britain and Ireland. Version 04.05. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough.,

Cousens, R., (1984). Estimation of annual production by the intertidal brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis. Botanica Marina, 27, 217-227.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Doty, S. & Newhouse, J., (1954). The distribution of marine algae into estuarine waters. American Journal of Botany, 41, 508-515.

Fernandez, C. & Menendez, M.P., (1991). Ecology of Chondrus crispus on the northern coast of Spain. 2. Reproduction. Botanica Marina, 34, 303-310.

Filion-Myclebust, C. & Norton, T.A., (1981). Epidermis shedding in the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis, and its ecological significance. Marine Biology Letters, 2, 45-51.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fletcher, R.L., (1996). The occurrence of 'green tides' - a review. In Marine Benthic Vegetation. Recent changes and the Effects of Eutrophication (ed. W. Schramm & P.H. Nienhuis). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. [Ecological Studies, vol. 123].

Floc'h, J. H. & Diouris, M., (1980). Initial effects of Amoco Cadiz oil on intertidal algae. Ambio, 9, 284-286.

Glegg, G. A., Hickman, L. & Rowland, S. J., (1999). Contamination of limpets (Patella vulgata) following the Sea Empress oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38, 119-125.

Graham, A., (1988). Molluscs: prosobranchs and pyramellid gastropods (2nd ed.). Leiden: E.J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys. [Synopses of the British Fauna No. 2]

Guiry, M.D. & Blunden, G., (1991). Seaweed Resources in Europe: Uses and Potential. Chicester: John Wiley & Sons.

Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1985). Factors determining the upper limits of intertidal canopy-forming algae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 20, 265-271.

Hawkins, S.J. & Southward, A.J., (1992). The Torrey Canyon oil spill: recovery of rocky shore communities. In Restoring the Nations Marine Environment, (ed. G.W. Thorpe), Chapter 13, pp. 583-631. Maryland, USA: Maryland Sea Grant College.

Hill, S., Burrows, S.J. & Hawkins, S.J., (1998). Intertidal Reef Biotopes (Volume VI). An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine Special Areas of Conservation. Oban: Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project)., Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project).

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Jenkins, S.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Norton, T.A., (1999). Direct and indirect effects of a macroalgal canopy and limpet grazing in structuring a sheltered inter-tidal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 81-92.

Jenkins, S.R., Norton, T.A. & Hawkins, S.J., (2004). Long term effects of Ascophyllum nodosum canopy removal on mid shore community structure. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 84, 327-329.

Jennings, S. & Kaiser, M.J., (1998). The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems. Advances in Marine Biology, 34, 201-352.

Johnston, C.S., (1977). The sub-lethal effects of water-soluble extracts of oil on the fertilisation and development of Fucus serratus L. (Serrated wrack). Rapports et Proces Verbaux des Reunions. Conseil International pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 171, 184-185.

Kautsky, H., (1992). The impact of pulp-mill effluents on phytobenthic communities in the Baltic Sea. Ambio, 21, 308-313.

Knight, M. & Parke, M., (1950). A biological study of Fucus vesiculosus L. and Fucus serratus L. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 29, 439-514.

Lüning, K., (1990). Seaweeds. Their environment, biogeography and ecophysiology. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Levin, P.S. & Mathieson, A.C., (1991). Variation in host-epiphyte relationship along a wave exposure gradient. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 77, 271-278.

Marchan, S., Davies, M.S., Fleming, S. & Jones, H.D., (1999). Effects of copper and zinc on the heart rate of the limpet Patella vulgata (L.) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 123A, 89-93.

Mathieson, A.C. & Burns, R.L., (1971). Ecological studies of economic red algae. 1. Photosynthesis and respiration of Chondrus crispus (Stackhouse) and Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 7, 197-206.

Moore, J., (1997). Rocky shore transect monitoring in Milford Haven, October 1996. Impacts of the Sea Empress oil spill. Countryside Council for Wales Sea Empress Contract Report, 241, 90pp.

Morrissey, J., Kraan, S. & Guiry, M.D., (2001). A guide to commercially important seaweeds on the Irish coast. Bord Iascaigh Mhara: Dun Laoghaire.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Printz, H.S., (1959). Investigations of the failure of recuperation and re-populating in cropped Ascophyllum areas. Avhandlinger utgitt av Det Norske Videnskap-Akademi i Oslo No. 3.

Pybus, C., (1977). The ecology of Chondrus crispus and Gigartina stellata (Rhodophyta) in Galway Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 609-628.

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., (1999). Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Rees, H.L., Waldock, R., Matthiessen, P. & Pendle, M.A., (2001). Improvements in the epifauna of the Crouch estuary (United Kingdom) following a decline in TBT concentrations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 137-144.

Robbins, I.J. (1985b). Ascidian growth rate and survival at high inorganic particulate concentrations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 16, 365-367.

Robins, M.W., (1968). The ecology of Alcyonium species in the Scilly Isles. Report of the Underwater Association, 3, 67-71

Scanlan, C.M. & Wilkinson, M., (1987). The use of seaweeds in biocide toxicity testing. Part 1. The sensitivity of different stages in the life-history of Fucus and of other algae, to certain biocides. Marine Environmental Research, 21, 11-29.

Scrosati, R., Garbary, D.J. & McLachlan, J., (1994). Reproductive ecology of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) from Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina, 37, 293-300.

Seip, K.L., (1980). A computational model for growth and harvesting of the marine alga Ascophyllum nodosum. Ecological Modelling, 6, 189-199.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Southward, A.J. & Southward, E.C., (1978). Recolonisation of rocky shores in Cornwall after use of toxic dispersants to clean up the Torrey Canyon spill. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 35, 682-706.

Steen, H. & Rueness, J., (2004). Comparison of survival and growth in germlings of six fucoid species (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) at two different temperature and nutrient levels. Sarsia, 89, 175-183.

Stengel, D.B. & Dring, M.J., (1997). Morphology and in situ growth rates of plants of Ascophyllum nodosum (Phaeophyta) from different shore levels and responses of plants to vertical transplantation. European Journal of Phycology, 32, 193-202.

Strömgren, T., (1979b). The effect of zinc on the increase in length of five species of intertidal Fucales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 40, 95-102.

Strömgren, T., (1980a). The effect of dissolved copper on the increase in length of four species of intertidal fucoid algae. Marine Environmental Research, 3, 5-13.

Strömgren, T., (1980b). The effect of lead, cadmium and mercury on the increase in length of five intertidal Fucales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 43, 107-119.

Strömgren, T., (1979a). The effect of copper on the increase in length of Ascophyllum nodosum. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 37, 153-159.

Suryono, C.A. & Hardy, F.G., (1997). Studies on the distribution of Fucus ceranoides L. (Phaeophyta, Fucales) in estuaries on the north-east coast of England. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumbria, 57, 153-168.

Svane, I, Havenhund, J.N. & Jorgensen, A.J., (1987). Effects of tissue extract of adults on metamorphosis in Ascidia mentula O.F. Mueller and Ascidiella scabra (O.F. Müller). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 110, 171-181.

Vadas, R.L., Wright, W.A. & Miller, St. L., (1990). Recruitment in Ascophyllum nodosum: wave action as a source of mortality. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 61, 263-272.

Watson, D.C. & Norton, T.A., (1987). The habitat and feeding preferences of Littorina obtusata (L.) and Littorina mariae Sacchi et Rastelli. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 112, 61-72.