Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Ashworth, J.H., (1904). Arenicola (the lug-worm). Liverpool: Liverpool Marine Biology Committee. [L.M.B.C. Memoirs XI].

Barnes, R.S.K., (1980b). Coastal lagoons. The natural history of a neglected habitat. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bat, L. & Raffaelli, D., (1998). Sediment toxicity testing: a bioassay approach using the amphipod Corophium volutator and the polychaete Arenicola marina. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 226, 217-239.

Beukema, J.J. & de Vlas, J., (1979). Population parameters of the lugworm, Arenicola marina, living on tidal flats in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 13, 331-353.

Beukema, J.J., (1995). Long-term effects of mechanical harvesting of lugworms Arenicola marina on the zoobenthic community of a tidal flat in the Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 33, 219-227.

Binyon, J., (1966). Salinity tolerance and ionic regulation. In Physiology of Echinodermata (ed. R.A. Boolootian), pp. 359-377. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.], http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Cryer, M., Whittle, B.N. & Williams, K., (1987). The impact of bait collection by anglers on marine intertidal invertebrates. Biological Conservation, 42, 83-93.

Dales, R.P., (1958). Survival of anaerobic periods by two intertidal polychaetes, Arenicola marina (L.) and Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37, 521-529.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Diaz, R.J. & Rosenberg, R., (1995). Marine benthic hypoxia: a review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 245-303.

Dinnel, P.A., Pagano, G.G., & Oshido, P.S., (1988). A sea urchin test system for marine environmental monitoring. In Echinoderm Biology. Proceedings of the Sixth International Echinoderm Conference, Victoria, 23-28 August 1987, (R.D. Burke, P.V. Mladenov, P. Lambert, Parsley, R.L. ed.), pp 611-619. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Ebert, T.A., (1983). Recruitment in Echinoderms. In Echinoderm Studies, vol. 1, (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 169-203. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Fowler, S.L., (1999). Guidelines for managing the collection of bait and other shoreline animals within UK European marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared by the Nature Conservation Bureau Ltd. for the UK Marine SACs Project, 132 pp., Peterborough: English Nature (UK Marine SACs Project)., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine/reports/reports.htm

Gotto, D.M. & Gotto, R.V., (1972). Labidoplax media Oestergren: a sea-cucumber new to British and Irish waters, with observational notes. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 17, 250-252.

Hayward, P.J. (1994). Animals of sandy shores. Slough, England: The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd. [Naturalists' Handbook 21.]

Hyman, L.V., (1955). The Invertebrates: Vol. IV. Echinodermata. The coelomate Bilateria. New York: McGraw Hill.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid,

Johnston, R., (1984). Oil Pollution and its management. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3 (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1433-1582. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1984). Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters.Vol. V. Ocean Management Part 3: Pollution and Protection of the Seas - Radioactive Materials, Heavy Metals and Oil. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Lawrence, J.M., (1996). Mass mortality of echinoderms from abiotic factors. In Echinoderm Studies Vol. 5 (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 103-137. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Lawrence, J.M., (1987). A functional biology of echinoderms. New South Wales, Australia: Croom Helm.

Massin, C., (1982a). Food and feeding mechanisms: Holothuroidea. In Echinoderm nutrition (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 43-55. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Massin, C., (1982b). Effects of feeding on the environment: Holothuroidea. In Echinoderm nutrition (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 493-497. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

McLusky, D.S., (1989). The Estuarine Ecosystem, 2nd ed. New York: Chapman & Hall.

McLusky, D.S., Anderson, F.E. & Wolfe-Murphy, S., (1983). Distribution and population recovery of Arenicola marina and other benthic fauna after bait digging. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 11, 173-179.

Newell, G.E., (1948). A contribution to our knowledge of the life history of Arenicola marina L. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 28, 554-580.

Newton, L.C. & McKenzie, J.D., (1995). Echinoderms and oil pollution: a potential stress assay using bacterial symbionts. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 31, 453-456.

Nilsson, H.C. & Rosenberg, R., (1994). Hypoxic response of two marine benthic communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 115, 209-217.

Nyholm, K-G., (1951). The development of the larval form of Labidoplax buskii. Zoologiska Bidrag Från Uppsala, 29, 239-253.

Pawson, D.L., (1966). Ecology of holothurians. In Physiology of Echinodermata (ed. R.A. Boolootian), pp. 63-71. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Prouse, N.J. & Gordon, D.C., (1976). Interactions between the deposit feeding polychaete Arenicola marina and oiled sediment. In Proceedings of a Symposium of the American Institute of Biological Sciences, Arlington, Virginia, 1976. Sources, effects and sinks of hydrocarbons in the aquatic environment, pp. 408-422. USA: American Institute of Biological Sciences.

Rankin, C.J. & Davenport, J.A., (1981). Animal Osmoregulation. Glasgow & London: Blackie. [Tertiary Level Biology].

Shumway, S.E. & Davenport, J., (1977). Some aspects of the physiology of Arenicola marina (Polychaeta) exposed to fluctuating salinities. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 907-924.

Smiley, S., McEven, F.S., Chaffee, C. & Kushan, S., (1991). Echinodermata: Holothuoidea. In Reproduction of marine invertebrates, vol. 6. Echinoderms and Lophorates (ed. A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse & V.B. Pearse), pp. 663-750. California: The Boxwood Press.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stickle, W.B. & Diehl, W.J., (1987). Effects of salinity on echinoderms. In Echinoderm Studies, Vol. 2, (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 235-285.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Thorp, K., Dalkin, M., Fortune, F. & Nichols, D., (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 14. Lagoons in the Outer Hebrides: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Thorpe, K., (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sectors 1 and 2. Lagoons in Shetland and Orkney. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Trueman, E.R. & Ansell, A.D., (1969). The mechanisms of burrowing into soft substrata by marine animals. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 7, 315-366.

Wells, G.P., (1945). The mode of life of Arenicola marina L. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 26, 170-207.

Zebe, E. & Schiedek, D., (1996). The lugworm Arenicola marina: a model of physiological adaptation to life in intertidal sediments. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 50, 37-68.