Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Allen, J.A. (1962). The fauna of the Clyde Sea area. Mollusca. Millport: Scottish Marine Biological Association.

Ansell, A.D., (1974). Seasonal change in biochemical composition of the bivalve Lima hians from the Clyde Sea area. Marine Biology, 27, 115-122.

Boolootian, R.A. (ed.), (1966). Physiology of Echinodermata. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Crompton, T.R., (1997). Toxicants in the aqueous ecosystem. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Dame, R.F.D., (1996). Ecology of Marine Bivalves: an Ecosystem Approach. New York: CRC Press Inc. [Marine Science Series.]

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Dyrynda, P.E.J. & Ryland, J.S., (1982). Reproductive strategies and life histories in the cheilostome marine bryozoans Chartella papyracea and Bugula flabellata. Marine Biology, 71, 241-256.

Eggleston, D., (1972a). Patterns of reproduction in marine Ectoprocta off the Isle of Man. Journal of Natural History, 6, 31-38.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gilchrist, J.D.F., (1896). Lima hians and its mode of life. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Glasgow, 4, 218-225.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Gilmour, T.H.J., (1967). The defensive adaptations of Lima hians (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 47, 209-221.

Gordon, D.P., (1972). Biological relationships of an intertidal bryozoan population. Journal of Natural History, 6, 503-514.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., (2000b). Limaria hians (Mollusca: Limacea): A neglected reef-forming keystone species. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 10, 267-278.

Hartnoll, R.G., (1998). Volume VIII. Circalittoral faunal turf biotopes: An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Scottish Association of Marine Sciences, Oban, Scotland. [UK Marine SAC Project. Natura 2000 reports.]

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (1998). Cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 10. (2nd edition)]

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Holt, T.J., Rees, E.I., Hawkins, S.J. & Seed, R., (1998). Biogenic reefs (Volume IX). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project), 174 pp.

Howson, C.M., (1996). Survey of the shallow sublittoral biotopes in Loch Sunart. Scottish Natural Heritage Research, Survey and Monitoring Report, no. 67.

Hrs-Benko, M., (1973). Notes on the biology of Lima hians in the north Adriatic Sea. Rapports et Proces-verbaux des Reunions. Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Mediterranee. Paris, 21(9), 697-699.

Hughes, R.G., (1977). Aspects of the biology and life-history of Nemertesia antennina (L.) (Hydrozoa: Plumulariidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 641-657.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Lauckner, G., (1983). Diseases of Mollusca: Bivalvia. In Diseases of marine animals. Vol. II. Introduction, Bivalvia to Scaphopoda (ed. O. Kinne), pp. 477-961. Hamburg: Biologische Anstalt Helgoland.

Lebour, M.V., (1937b). Larval and post-larval Lima from Plymouth. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 21, 705-710.

Lundälv, T., (1990). Effects of eutrophication and plankton blooms in waters bordering the Swedish west coast - an overview. Water Pollution Research Reports, 12, 195-213.

MBA (Marine Biological Association), (1957). Plymouth Marine Fauna. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.

Merrill, A.S. & Turner, R.D., (1963). Nest building in the bivalve genera Musculus and Lima. Veliger, 6, 55-59.

Minchin, D., (1995). Recovery of a population of the flame shell, Lima hians, in an Irish bay previously contaminated with TBT. Environmental Pollution, 90, 259-262.

Minchin, D., Duggan, C.B. & King, W., (1987). Possible effects of organotins on scallop recruitment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 18, 604-608.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Ringelband, U., (2001). Salinity dependence of vanadium toxicity against the brackish water hydroid Cordylophora caspia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 48, 18-26.

Ryland, J.S., (1970). Bryozoans. London: Hutchinson University Library.

Ryland, J.S., (1976). Physiology and ecology of marine bryozoans. Advances in Marine Biology, 14, 285-443.

Salvini-Plawen, L.V., (1977). Caudofoveata (Mollusca), Priapulida and apodous holothurian (Labidoplax, Myriothrochus) off Banyuls and throughout the Mediterranean. Vie et Milieu, Paris, 27, 55-81.

Salvini-Plawen, L.V., (1972). Cnidaria as food sources for marine invertebrates. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 13, 385-400.

Shumway, S.E., (1990). A review of the effects of algal blooms on shellfish and aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 21, 65-104.

Soule, D.F. & Soule, J.D., (1979). Bryozoa (Ectoprocta). In Pollution ecology of estuarine invertebrates (ed. C.W. Hart & S.L.H. Fuller), pp. 35-76.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Trigg, C. & Moore, C.G., (2009). Recovery of the biogenic nest habitat of Limaria hians (Mollusca: Limacea) following anthropogenic distrubance. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 82, 351-356.