Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Arntz, W.E. & Rumohr, H., (1986). Fluctuations of benthic macrofauna during succession and in an established community. Meeresforschung, 31, 97-114.

Attrill, M.J., Ramsay, P.M., Thomas, R.M. & Trett, M.W., (1996). An estuarine biodiversity hot-spot. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 76, 161-175,

Bamber, R.N. & Spencer, J.F. (1984). The benthos of a coastal power station thermal discharge canal. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 603-623.

Barnes, R.S.K. & Hughes, R.N., (1992). An introduction to marine ecology. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Beaumont, A.R., Newman, P.B., Mills, D.K., Waldock, M.J., Miller, D. & Waite, M.E., (1989). Sandy-substrate microcosm studies on tributyl tin (TBT) toxicity to marine organisms. Scientia Marina, 53, 737-743.

Beukema, J.J. & de Vlas, J., (1979). Population parameters of the lugworm, Arenicola marina, living on tidal flats in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 13, 331-353.

Beukema, J.J., (1995). Long-term effects of mechanical harvesting of lugworms Arenicola marina on the zoobenthic community of a tidal flat in the Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 33, 219-227.

Boström, C. & Bonsdorff, E., (2000). Zoobenthic community establishment and habitat complexity - the importance of seagrass shoot density, morphology and physical disturbance for faunal recruitment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205, 123-138.

Broom, M.J., Davies, J., Hutchings, B. & Halcrow, W., (1991). Environmental assessment of the effects of polluting discharges: stage 1: developing a post-facto baseline. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 33, 71-87.

Brouseau, D.J. & Baglivo, J.A., (1991). Disease progression and mortality in neoplastic Mya arenaria in the field. Marine Biology, 110, 249-252.

Brousseau, D.J., (1978b). Population dynamics of the soft-shell clam Mya arenaria. Marine Biology, 50, 67-71.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1983). Heavy metals from the Fal estuary, Cornwall: a study of long-term contamination by mining waste and its effects on estuarine organisms. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [Occasional Publication, no. 2.]

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W. & Hummerstone, L.G., (1971). Adaptation of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor to estuarine sediments containing high concentrations of heavy metals. I. General observations and adaption to copper. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 845-863.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bullimore, B., (1985). An investigation into the effects of scallop dredging within the Skomer Marine Reserve. Report to the Nature Conservancy Council by the Skomer Marine Reserve Subtidal Monitoring Project, S.M.R.S.M.P. Report, no 3., Nature Conservancy Council.

Clay, E., (1966). Literature survey of the common fauna of estuaries. 12. Mya arenaria L., Mya truncata L. Imperial Chemical Industries Limited, Brixham Laboratory, BL/A/707.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Collier, L.M. & Pinn, E.H., (1998). An assessment of the acute impact of the sea lice treatment Ivermectin on a benthic community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 230, 131-147.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Cotter, A.J.R., Walker, P., Coates, P., Cook, W. & Dare, P.J., (1997). Trial of a tractor dredger for cockles in Burry Inlet, South Wales. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54, 72-83.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Daro, M.H. & Polk, P., (1973). The autecology of Polydora ciliata along the Belgian coast. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 6, 130-140.

Dauvin, J.C., (2000). The muddy fine sand Abra alba - Melinna palmata community of the Bay of Morlaix twenty years after the Amoco Cadiz oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40, 528-536.

Dauvin, J.C., (1982). Impact of Amoco Cadiz oil spill on the muddy fine sand Abra alba - Melinna palmata community from the Bay of Morlaix. Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science, 14, 517-531.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Diaz, R.J. & Rosenberg, R., (1995). Marine benthic hypoxia: a review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 245-303.

Diaz-Castaneda, V., Richard, A. & Frontier, S., (1989). Preliminary results on colonization, recovery and succession in a polluted areas of the southern North Sea (Dunkerque's Harbour, France). Scientia Marina, 53, 705-716.

Dow, R.C., (1978). Size-selective mortalities of clams in an oil spill site. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 9, 45-48.

Dow, R.L. & Wallace, D.E., (1961). The soft-shell clam industry of Maine. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, Circular no. 110., U.S.A: Washington D.C.

Eagle, R.A., (1975). Natural fluctuations in a soft bottom benthic community. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 865-878.

Eisler, R., (1977). Toxicity evaluation of a complex meta mixture to the softshell clam Mya arenaria. Marine Biology, 43, 265-276.

Elliot, M., Nedwell, S., Jones, N.V., Read, S.J., Cutts, N.D. & Hemingway, K.L., (1998). Intertidal sand and mudflats & subtidal mobile sandbanks (Vol. II). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity for conservation management of marine SACs. Prepared by the Scottish Association for Marine Science for the UK Marine SACs Project.

Emerson, C.M., Grant, J. & Rowell, T.W., (1990). Indirect effects of clam digging on the viability of soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria L. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 27, 109-118.

Emerson, C.W. & Grant, J., (1991). The control of soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) recruitment on intertidal sandflats by bedload sediment transport. Limnology and Oceanography, 36, 1288-1300.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Farke, H., (1979). Population dynamics, reproduction and early development of Tharyx marioni (Polychaeta, Cirratulidae) on tidal flats of the German Bight. Veroffentlichungen des Instituts fur Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, 18, 69-99.

Feder, H.M. & Pearson, T.H., (1988). The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a sea-loch system on the west coast of Scotland. 5. Biology of the dominant soft-bottom epifauna and their interaction with the infauna. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 116, 99-134.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flach, E.C., (1992). Disturbance of benthic infauna by sediment-reworking activities of the lugworm Arenicola marina. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30, 81-89.

Gibbs, P.E., (1971). Reproductive cycles in four polychaete species belonging to the family Cirratulidae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 745-769.

Gibbs, P.E., Langston, W.J., Burt, G.R. & Pascoe, P.L., (1983). Tharyx marioni (Polychaeta) : a remarkable accumulator of arsenic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63, 313-325.

Giere, O., Preusse, J. & Dubilier, N. (1999). Tubificoides benedii (Tubificidae, Oligochaeta) - a pioneer in hypoxic and sulfide environments. An overview of adaptive pathways. Hydrobiologia, 406, 235-241.

Grassle, J.F. & Grassle, J.P., (1974). Opportunistic life histories and genetic systems in marine benthic polychaetes. Journal of Marine Research, 32, 253-284.

Gudmundsson, H., (1985). Life history patterns of polychaete species of the family spionidae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 93-111.

Gulliksen, B., (1977). Studies from the U.W.L. "Helgoland" on the macrobenthic fauna of rocks and boulders in Lübeck Bay (western Baltic Sea). Helgoländer wissenschaftliche Meeresunters, 30, 519-526.

Hall, J.A. & Frid, C.L.J. (1998). Colonisation patterns of adult macrobenthos in a polluted North Sea Estuary. Aquatic Ecology, 31, 333-340.

Hall, J.A. & Frid, C.L.J., (1995). Response of estuarine benthic macrofauna in copper-contaminated sediments to remediation of sediment quality. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 30, 694-700.

Hall, S.J., (1994). Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: life in unconsolidated sediments. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 179-239.

Harms, J. & Anger, K., (1983). Seasonal, annual, and spatial variation in the development of hard bottom communities. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 36, 137-150.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Jennings, S. & Kaiser, M.J., (1998). The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems. Advances in Marine Biology, 34, 201-352.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Johnston, R., (1984). Oil Pollution and its management. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3 (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1433-1582. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Kott, P., (1985). The Australian Ascidiacea. Part I, Phlebobranchia and Stolidobranchia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 23, 1-440.

Lagadeuc, Y., (1991). Mud substrate produced by Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1828) (Polychaeta, Annelida) - origin and influence on fixation of larvae. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 32, 439-450.

Landsberg, J.H., (1996). Neoplasia and biotoxins in bivalves: is there a connection? Journal of Shellfish Research, 15, 203-230.

Levell, D., (1976). The effect of Kuwait Crude Oil and the Dispersant BP 1100X on the lugworm, Arenicola marina L. In Proceedings of an Institute of Petroleum / Field Studies Council meeting, Aviemore, Scotland, 21-23 April 1975. Marine Ecology and Oil Pollution (ed. J.M. Baker), pp. 131-185. Barking, England: Applied Science Publishers Ltd.

McCall, P.L., (1977). Community patterns and adaptive strategies of the infaunal benthos of Long Island Sound. Journal of Marine Research, 35, 221-266.

McLaughlin, S.M. & Faisal, M., (2000). Prevalence of Perkinsus spp. in Chesapeake Bay soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758 during 1990-1998. Journal of Shellfish Research, 19, 349-352.

McLusky, D.S., (1982). The impact of petrochemical effluent on the fauna of an intertidal estuarine mudflat. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 14, 489-499.

McLusky, D.S., Bryant, V. & Campbell, R., (1986). The effects of temperature and salinity on the toxicity of heavy metals to marine and estuarine invertebrates. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 24, 481-520.

Meire, P.M., (1993). The impact of bird predation on marine and estuarine bivalve populations: a selective review of patterns and underlying causes. In Bivalve filter feeders in estuarine and coastal ecosystem processes (ed. R.F. Dame). NATO ASI Series, Springer Verlag.

Mills, E.L., (1967). The biology of an ampeliscid amphipod crustacean sibling species pair. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 24, 305-355.

Murina, V., (1997). Pelagic larvae of Black Sea Polychaeta. Bulletin of Marine Science, 60, 427-432.

Newell, C.R. & Hidu, H., (1986). Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (North Atlantic) . Softshell clam., 2000-10-02 00:00:00

Olafsson, E.B. & Persson, L.E., (1986). The interaction between Nereis diversicolor (Muller) and Corophium volutator (Pallas) as a structuring force in a shallow brackish sediment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 103, 103-117.

Olive, P.J.W., Porter, J.S., Sandeman, N.J., Wright, N.H. & Bentley, M.G. (1997). Variable spawning success of Nephtys hombergi (Annelida: Polychaeta) in response to environmental variation. A life history homeostasis? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 215, 247-268.

Pardal, M.A., Marques, J.-C. & Bellan, G., (1993). Spatial distribution and seasonal variation of subtidal polychaete populations in the Mondego estuary (western Portugal). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 34, 497-512.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Pfitzenmeyer, H.T. & Drobeck, K.G., (1967). Some factors influencing reburrowing activity of soft-shell clam, Mya arenaria. Chesapeake Science, 8, 193-199.

Poggiale, J.C. & Dauvin, J.C., (2001). Long term dynamics of three benthic Ampelisca (Crustacea - Amphipoda) populations from the Bay of Morlaix (western English Channel) related to their disappearance after the Amoco Cadiz oil spill. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 214, 201-209.

Rasmussen, E., (1973). Systematics and ecology of the Isefjord marine fauna (Denmark). Ophelia, 11, 1-507.

Read, P.A., Anderson, K.J., Matthews, J.E., Watson, P.G., Halliday, M.C. & Shiells, G.M., (1983). Effects of pollution on the benthos of the Firth of Forth. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 14, 12-16.

Rees, E.I.S., Nicholaidou, A. & Laskaridou, P., (1977). The effects of storms on the dynamics of shallow water benthic associations. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, Ireland, October 5-11, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 465-474.

Rees, H.L. & Dare, P.J., (1993). Sources of mortality and associated life-cycle traits of selected benthic species: a review. MAFF Fisheries Research Data Report, no. 33., Lowestoft: MAFF Directorate of Fisheries Research.

Rees, H.L., Waldock, R., Matthiessen, P. & Pendle, M.A., (2001). Improvements in the epifauna of the Crouch estuary (United Kingdom) following a decline in TBT concentrations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 137-144.

Reise, K., (1985). Tidal flat ecology. An experimental approach to species interactions. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Reish, D.J., (1979). Bristle Worms (Annelida: Polychaeta) In Pollution Ecology of Estuarine Invertebrates, (eds. Hart, C.W. & Fuller, S.L.H.), 78-118. Academic Press Inc, New York.

Rhoads, D.C. & Young, D.K., (1970). The influence of deposit-feeding organisms on sediment stability and community trophic structure. Journal of Marine Research, 28, 150-178.

Rosenberg, R. & Loo, L., (1988). Marine eutrophication induced oxygen deficiency: effects on soft bottom fauna, western Sweden. Ophelia, 29, 213-225.

Rosenberg, R., (1977). Benthic macrofaunal dynamics, production, and dispersion in an oxygen-deficient estuary of west Sweden. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 26, 107-33.

Rosenberg, R., Hellman, B. & Johansson, B., (1991). Hypoxic tolerance of marine benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 79, 127-131.

Sagasti, A., Schaffner, L.C. & Duffy, J.E., (2000). Epifaunal communities thrive in an estuary with hypoxic episodes. Estuaries, 23, 474-487.

SEEEC (Sea Empress Environmental Evaluation Committee), (1998). The environmental impact of the Sea Empress oil spill. Final Report of the Sea Empress Environmental Evaluation Committee, 135 pp., London: HMSO.

Smyth, J.C., (1968). The fauna of a polluted site in the Firth of Forth. Helgolander Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 17, 216-233.

Snelgrove, P.V.R. & Butman, C.A., (1994). Animal-sediment relationships revisited: cause versus effect. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 111-177.

Sordino, P., Gambi, M.C. & Carrada, G.C., (1989). Spatio-temporal distribution of polychaetes in an Italian coastal lagoon (Lago Fusaro, Naples). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 30, 375-391.

Strasser, M., (1999). Mya arenaria - an ancient invader of the North Sea coast. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 52, 309-324.

Strasser, M., Walensky, M. & Reise, K., (1999). Juvenile-adult distribution of the bivalve Mya arenaria on intertidal flats in the Wadden Sea: why are there so few year classes. Helgoland Marine Research, 53, 45-55.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Svane, I, Havenhund, J.N. & Jorgensen, A.J., (1987). Effects of tissue extract of adults on metamorphosis in Ascidia mentula O.F. Mueller and Ascidiella scabra (O.F. Müller). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 110, 171-181.

Svane, I., (1988). Recruitment and development of epibioses on artificial and cleared substrata at two site in Gullmarsfjorden on the Swedish west coast. Ophelia, 29, 25-41.

Theede, H., Ponat, A., Hiroki, K. & Schlieper, C., (1969). Studies on the resistance of marine bottom invertebrates to oxygen-deficiency and hydrogen sulphide. Marine Biology, 2, 325-337.

Tokioka, T. & Kado, Y., (1972). The occurrence of Molgula manhattensis (deKay) in brackish water near Hiroshima, Japan. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University, 21, 21-29.

Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S., Hawkins, S.J. & Brand, A.R., (2000). Effects of long term physical disturbance by scallop fishing on subtidal epifaunal assemblages and habitats. Marine Biology, 137, 325-337.

Waldock, R., Rees, H.L., Matthiessen, P. & Pendle, M.A., (1999). Surveys of the benthic infauna of the Crouch Estuary (UK) in relation to TBT contamination. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 225 - 232.

Wolff, W.J., (1973). The estuary as a habitat. An analysis of the data in the soft-bottom macrofauna of the estuarine area of the rivers Rhine, Meuse, and Scheldt. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 126, 1-242.