Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Bishop, G.M. & Earll, R., (1984). Studies on the populations of Echinus esculentus at the St. Abbs and Skomer Voluntary Marine Nature Reserves. Progress in Underwater Science, 9, 53-66.

Bishop, G.M., (1985). Aspects of the reproductive ecology of the sea urchin Echinus esculentus L. , Ph.D. thesis, University of Exeter, UK.

Bower, S.M., (1996). Synopsis of Infectious Diseases and Parasites of Commercially Exploited Shellfish: Bald-sea-urchin Disease. [on-line]. SeaLane Diseases of Shellfish. http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/sci/shelldis/pages/bsudsu_e.htm, 2000-04-19 00:00:00

Brown, R.A. & R. Seed., (1976). Modiolus modiolus (L.) - an autoecological study. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, 5-11 October, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O. Ceidigh & Boaden, P.J.S.), pp. 93-100.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.], http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/

Comely, C.A., (1978). Modiolus modiolus (L.) from the Scottish West coast. I. Biology. Ophelia, 17, 167-193.

Comely, C.A., (1981). The physical and biological condition of Modiolus modiolus (L.) in selected Shetland voes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Series B, 80, 299-321.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Davenport, J. & Kjørsvik, E., (1982). Observations on a Norwegian intertidal population of the horse mussel Modiolus modiolus (L.). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 48, 370-371.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Davoult, D., Gounin, F. & Richard, A., (1990). Dynamique et reproduction de la population d'Ophiothrix fragilis (Abildgaard) du détroit du Pas de Calais (Manche orientale). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 138, 201-216.

Eleftheriou, A. & Robertson, M.R., (1992). The effects of experimental scallop dredging on the fauna and physical environment of a shallow sandy community. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30, 289-299.

Erwin, D.G., Picton, B.E., Connor, D.W., Howson, C.M., Gilleece, P. & Bogues, M.J., (1990). Inshore Marine Life of Northern Ireland. Report of a survey carried out by the diving team of the Botany and Zoology Department of the Ulster Museum in fulfilment of a contract with Conservation Branch of the Department of the Environment (N.I.)., Ulster Museum, Belfast: HMSO.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Gommez, J.L.C. & Miguez-Rodriguez, L.J., (1999). Effects of oil pollution on skeleton and tissues of Echinus esculentus L. 1758 (Echinodermata, Echinoidea) in a population of A Coruna Bay, Galicia, Spain. In Echinoderm Research 1998. Proceedings of the Fifth European Conference on Echinoderms, Milan, 7-12 September 1998, (ed. M.D.C. Carnevali & F. Bonasoro) pp. 439-447. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Griffiths, A.B., Dennis, R. & Potts, G.W., (1979). Mortality associated with a phytoplankton bloom off Penzance in Mount's Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 515-528.

Hammer, L., (1972). Anaerobiosis in marine algae and marine phanerograms. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Seaweed Symposium, Sapporo, Japan, August 8-12, 1971 (ed. K. Nisizawa, S. Arasaki, Chihara, M., Hirose, H., Nakamura V., Tsuchiya, Y.), pp. 414-419. Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

Hartnoll, R.G., (1983). Substratum. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of the shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 97-124. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Henderson, J.T., (1929). Lethal temperatures of Lamellibranchiata. Contributions to Canadian Biology and Fisheries, 4, 395-412.

Hickson, J.S., (1901). Liverpool Marine Biological Committee Memoirs Number V. Alcyonium. Proceedings and Transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society, 15, 92-113.

Hill, A.S., Brand, A.R., Veale, L.O. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). Assessment of the effects of scallop dredging on benthic communities. Final Report to MAFF, Contract CSA 2332, Liverpool: University of Liverpool

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Holt, T.J., Rees, E.I., Hawkins, S.J. & Seed, R., (1998). Biogenic reefs (Volume IX). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project), 174 pp.

Johansson ,G., Eriksson, B.K., Pedersen, M. & Snoeijs, P., (1998). Long term changes of macroalgal vegetation in the Skagerrak area. Hydrobiologia, 385, 121-138.

Jones, L.A., Hiscock, K. & Connor, D.W., (2000). Marine habitat reviews. A summary of ecological requirements and sensitivity characteristics for the conservation and management of marine SACs. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. (UK Marine SACs Project report.)., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine

Julshamn, K. & Andersen, K-J., (1983). Subcellular distribution of major and minor elements in unexposed molluscs in western Norway-III. The distribution and binding of ..................in the kidney and the digestive system of the horse mussel Modiolus modiolus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 75A, 17-20.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., & Norton, T.A., (1990). Marine Ecology. In Biology of the Red Algae, (ed. K.M. Cole & Sheath, R.G.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., (1995). Survival of by-catch from a beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 126, 31-38.

Landsberg, J.H., (1996). Neoplasia and biotoxins in bivalves: is there a connection? Journal of Shellfish Research, 15, 203-230.

Livingstone, D.R. & Pipe, R.K., (1992). Mussels and environmental contaminants: molecular and cellular aspects. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 425-464. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Mackie, A.S.Y., Oliver, P.G. & Rees, E.I.S., (1995). Benthic biodiversity in the southern Irish Sea. Studies in Marine Biodiversity and Systematics from the National Museum of Wales. BIOMOR Reports, no. 1.

Magorrian, B.H. & Service, M., (1998). Analysis of underwater visual data to identify the impact of physical disturbance on horse mussel (Modiolus modiolus) beds. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36, 354-359.

May, S.J. & Pearson, T.H., (1995). Effects of oil-industry operations on the macrobenthos of Sullom Voe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 103B, 69-97.

Migné, A. & Davoult, D., (1997b). Carbon dioxide production and metabolic parameters in the ophiurid Ophiothrix fragilis. Marine Biology, 127, 699-704.

Muschenheim, D.K. & Milligan, T.G., (1998). Benthic boundary level processes and seston modification in the Bay of Fundy (Canada). Vie et milieu, Paris, 48, 285-294.

Navarro, J.M. & Thompson, R.J., (1997). Biodeposition by the horse mussel Modiolus modiolus (Dillwyn) during the spring diatom bloom. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 209, 1-13.

Navarro, J.M. & Thompson, R.J., (1996). Physiological energetics of the horse mussel Modiolus modiolus in a cold ocean environment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 138, 135-148.

Newton, L.C. & McKenzie, J.D., (1995). Echinoderms and oil pollution: a potential stress assay using bacterial symbionts. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 31, 453-456.

Nichols, D., (1984). An investigation of the population dynamics of the common edible sea urchin (Echinus esculentus L.) in relation to species conservation management. Report to Department of the Environment and Nature Conservancy Council from the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter.

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Ojeda, F.P. & Dearborn, J.H., (1989). Community structure of macroinvertebrates inhabiting the rocky subtidal zone in the Gulf of Maine: seasonal and bathymetric distribution. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 57, 147-161.

Ramsay, K., Kaiser, M.J., Rijnsdorp, S.D., Craeymeersch, J.A. & Ellis, J., (2000). Impact of trawling on populations of the invertebrate scavenger Asterias rubens. In Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats. Biological, conservation and socio-economic issues (ed. M.J. Kaiser & S.J. de Groot), pp. 151-162.

Richardson, C.A., Chensery, S.R.N. & Cook, J.M., (2001). Assessing the history of trace metal (Cu, Zn, Pb) contamination in the North Sea through laser ablation - ICP-MS of horse mussel Modiolus modiolus shells Marine Ecology Progress Series, 211, 157-167.

Rietema, H., (1993). Ecotypic differences between Baltic and North Sea populations of Delesseria sanguinea and Membranoptera alata. Botanica Marina, 36, 15-21.

Sebens, K.P., (1985). Community ecology of vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine: small-scale processes and alternative community states. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 346-371. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.

Service, M. & Magorrian, B.H., (1997). The extent and temporal variation of disturbance to epibenthic communities in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 77, 1151-1164.

Service, M., (1998). Recovery of benthic communities in Strangford Lough following changes in fishing practice. ICES Council Meeting Paper, CM 1998/V.6, 13pp., Copenhagen: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES).

Shumway, S.E., (1990). A review of the effects of algal blooms on shellfish and aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 21, 65-104.

Smaal, A.C., (1994). Theme V: The response of benthic suspension feeders to environmental changes. The Oosterschelde Estuary (The Netherlands): A case study of a changing ecosystem. Hydrobiologia, 282-283, 355-357.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stachowitsch, M., (1984). Mass mortality in the Gulf of Trieste: the course of community destruction. Marine Ecology, Pubblicazione della Statione Zoologica di Napoli, 5, 243-264.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Suchanek, T.H., (1985). Mussels and their role in structuring rocky shore communities. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 70-96.

Theede, H., Ponat, A., Hiroki, K. & Schlieper, C., (1969). Studies on the resistance of marine bottom invertebrates to oxygen-deficiency and hydrogen sulphide. Marine Biology, 2, 325-337.

Ursin, E., (1960). A quantitative investigation of the echinoderm fauna of the central North Sea. Meddelelser fra Danmark Fiskeri-og-Havundersogelser, 2, No. 24, 204pp.

Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S., Hawkins, S.J. & Brand, A.R., (2000). Effects of long term physical disturbance by scallop fishing on subtidal epifaunal assemblages and habitats. Marine Biology, 137, 325-337.

Warner, G.F. & Woodley, J.D., (1975). Suspension feeding in the brittle star Ophiothrix fragilis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 199-210.

Warner, G.F., (1971). On the ecology of a dense bed of the brittle star Ophiothrix fragilis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 267-282.

Widdows, J., Donkin, P., Brinsley, M.D., Evans, S.V., Salkeld, P.N., Franklin, A., Law, R.J. & Waldock, M.J., (1995). Scope for growth and contaminant levels in North Sea mussels Mytilus edulis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 127, 131-148.

Wildish, D.J. & Fader, G.B.J., (1998). Pelagic-benthic coupling in the Bay of Fundy. Hydrobiologia, 375/376, 369-380.

Wildish, D.J. & Kristmanson, D.D., (1984). Importance of mussels of the benthic boundary layer. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 41, 1618-1625.

Wildish, D.J. & Kristmanson, D.D., (1985). Control of suspension feeding bivalve production by current speed. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 39, 237-243.

Wildish, D.J., Akage, H.M. & Hamilton, N., (2000). Effects of velocity on horse mussel initial feeding behaviour. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, no. 2325, 34pp.

Wildish, D.J., Fader, G.B.J., Lawton, P. & MacDonald, A.J., (1998). The acoustic detection and characteristics of sublittoral bivalve reefs in the Bay of Fundy. Continental Shelf Research, 18, 105-113.

Witman, J.D., (1984). Ecology of rocky subtidal communities: the role of Modiolus modiolus (L.) and the influence of disturbance, competition and mutalism. , Ph.D. thesis. University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA.

Witman, J.D., (1985). Refuges, biological disturbance and rocky subtidal community structure in New England. Ecological Monographs, 55, 421-445.

Young, G.A., (1985). Byssus thread formation by the mussel Mytilus edulis: effects of environmental factors. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 24, 261-271.