Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Anderson, S.J., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Tatlor, A.C., (1993). Behavioural and respiratory adaptations of the mud-burrowing shrimp Calocaris macandreae Bell (Thalassinidea, Crustacea) to the burrow environment. Ophelia, 34, 143-156.

Atkinson, R.J.A., (1989). Baseline survey of the burrowing megafauna of Loch Sween, proposed Marine Nature Reserve, and an investigation of the effects of trawling on the benthic megafauna. Report to the Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough, from the University Marine Biological Station, Millport, pp.1-59.

Austen, M.C. & Widdicombe, S., (1998). Experimental evidence of effects of the heart urchin Brissopsis lyrifera on associated meiobenthic nematode communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 222, 219-238.

Baden, S.P., Pihl, L. & Rosenberg, R., (1990). Effects of oxygen depletion on the ecology, blood physiology and fishery of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 67, 141-155.

Bailey, N., Howard, F.G. & Chapman, C.J., (1986). Clyde Nephrops: Biology and fisheries. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 90 (B), 501-518.

Ball, B., Munday, B. & Tuck, I., (2000b). Effects of otter trawling on the benthos and environment in muddy sediments. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats, (eds. Kaiser, M.J. & de Groot, S.J.), pp 69-82. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bergman, M.J.N. & Hup, M., (1992). Direct effects of beam trawling on macro-fauna in a sandy sediment in the southern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 49, 5-11.

Bergman, M.J.N. & van Santbrink, J.W., (2000). Fishing mortality of populations of megafauna in sandy sediments. In The effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & S.J de Groot), 49-68. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2002). The role of scallop-dredge disturbance in long-term changes in Irish Sea benthic communities: a re-analysis of an historical dataset. Journal of Sea Research, 47, 161-184.

Brattström, H., (1946). Observations on Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes) in the Gullmar Fjord. Arkive fur Zoologie, 37A, 1-27.

Buchanan, J.B. & Warwick, R.M., (1974). An estimate of benthic macrofaunal production in the offshore mud of the Northumberland coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 54, 197-222.

Buchanan, J.B., (1967). Dispersion and demography of some infaunal echinoderm populations. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, 20, 1-11.

Buchanan, J.B., (1963). The biology of Calocaris macandreae ( Crustacea: Thalassinidea). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 43, 729-747.

Buchanan, J.B., (1974). A study of long term population stability in a benthic crustacean. Proceedings of the Challenger Society, 4, 252-253.

Buchanan, J.B., (1963(b)). The bottom fauna communities and their sediment relationships off the coast of Northumberland. Oikos, 14, 154-175.

Buchanan, J.B., (1965). Silt transportation and the distribution of macrobenthic animals off the Northumberland coast. Report of the Challenger Society, 3, 45.

Clyde River Purification Board, (1976). Monitoring in the Loch Fyne designated sea area. A survey in relation to the Stage III construction of a concrete gas production platform. Clyde River Purification Board, Technical Report No. 42., Unpublished.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Conway Morris, S., (1995). A new phylum from the lobster's lips. Nature, 378, 661-662.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crompton, T.R., (1997). Toxicants in the aqueous ecosystem. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Daan, R., Groenewould van het, H., Jong de, S.A. & Mulder, M., (1992). Physico-chemical and biological features of a drilling site in the North Sea, 1 year after discharges of oil-contaminated drill cuttings. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 91, 37-45.

Dahllöf, I., Blanck, H., Hall, P.O.J. & Molander, S., (1999). Long term effects of tri-n-butyl-tin on the function of a marine sediment system. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 1-11.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

de Groot, S.J. & Apeldoorn, J., (1971). Some experiments on the influence of the beam trawl on the bottom fauna. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (CM Papers and Reports) CM 1971/B:2, 5 pp. (mimeo).

Eleftheriou, A. & Robertson, M.R., (1992). The effects of experimental scallop dredging on the fauna and physical environment of a shallow sandy community. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30, 289-299.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Fenaux, L., (1970). Maturation of the gonads and seasonal cycle of the planktonic larvae of the ophiuroid Amphiura chiajei Forbes. Biological Bulletin, 138, 262-271.

Frid, C.L.J., Clark, R.A. & Hall, J.A., (1999). Long-term changes in the benthos on a heavily fished ground off the NE coast of England. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 13-20.

Graham, M., (1955). Effects of trawling on animals on the sea bed. Deep-Sea Research, 3 (Suppl.), 1-6.

Gunnarsson, J.S. & Skold, M., (1999). Accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls by the infaunal brittle stars Amphiura filiformis and A. chiajei: effects of eutrophication and selective feeding. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 186, 173-185.

Hargrave, B.T., (1980). Factors affecting the flux of organic matter to sediments in a marine bay. In Marine Benthic Dynamics (eds. Tenore, K.R. & Coull, B.C.), 243-263. USA: University of South Carolina Press.

Hill, A.E., Brown, J. & Fernand, L., (1997). The summer gyre in the western Irish Sea: shelf sea paradigms and management implications. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 44 (Suppl.A), 83-95.

Hill, T.O.; Emblow, C.S.; Northen, K.O., (1996). Marine Nature Conservation Review. Sector 6. Inlets in eastern England: area summaries. , Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and Seas of the United Kingdom MNCR series.]

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hiscock, K., ed. (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review. Benthic marine ecosystems of Great Britain and the north-east Atlantic. Peterborough, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Hollertz, K., (1998). The response of Brissopsis lyrifera (Echinoidea: Spatangoida) to organic matter on the sediment surface. In Echinoderm Research (eds. Candia Carnevali, M.D. & Bonasoro, F.), 79-84.

Hollertz, K., Skold, M. & Rosenberg, R., (1998). Interactions between two deposit feeding echinoderms: the spatangoid Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes) and the ophiuroid Amphiura chiajei (Forbes). Hydrobiologia, 376, 287-295.

Holme, N.A., (1966). The bottom fauna of the English Channel. Part II. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 46, 401-493.

Holme, N.A., (1961). The bottom fauna of the English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 41, 397-461.

Houghton, R.G., Williams, T. & Blacker, R.W., (1971). Some effects of double beam trawling. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea CM 1971/B:5, 12 pp. (mimeo)., International Council for the Exploration of the Sea CM 1971/B:5, 12 pp. (mimeo).

Howard, F. G., (1989). The Norway lobster. Scottish Fisheries Information Pamphlet No. 7. Second edition,, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland.

Hughes, D.J. & Atkinson, R.J.A., (1997). A towed video survey of megafaunal bioturbation in the north-eastern Irish Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 77, 635-653.

Hughes, D.J., (1998b). Subtidal brittlestar beds. An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared for Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, Vol. 3)., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine

Hutchins, D.A., Teyssié, J-L., Boisson, F., Fowler, S.W., & Fisher, N.S., (1996). Temperature effects on uptake and retention of contaminant radionuclides and trace metals by the brittle star Ophiothrix fragilis. Marine Environmental Research, 41, 363-378.

Jones, N.S., (1951). The bottom fauna of the south of the Isle of Man. Journal of Animal Ecology, 20, 132-144.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., (1995). Survival of by-catch from a beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 126, 31-38.

Kashenko, S.D., (1994). Larval development of the heart urchin Echinocardium cordatum feeding on different macroalgae. Biologiya Morya, 20, 385-389.

Keegan, B.F. & Mercer, J.P., (1986). An oceanographic survey of Killary Harbour on the west coast of Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 86B, 1-70.

MacBride, E.W., (1914). Textbook of Embryology, Vol. I, Invertebrata. London: MacMillan & Co.

Mackie, A.S.Y., Oliver, P.G. & Rees, E.I.S., (1995). Benthic biodiversity in the southern Irish Sea. Studies in Marine Biodiversity and Systematics from the National Museum of Wales. BIOMOR Reports, no. 1.

McIntosh, W.C., (1975). The marine invertebrates and fishes of St. Andrews. Edinburgh.

Munday, B.W. & Keegan, B.F., (1992). Population dynamics of Amphiura chiajei (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) in Killary Harbour on the west coast of Ireland. Marine Biology, 114, 595-605.

Munday, B.W., (1993). Field survey of the occurrence and significance of regeneration in Amphiura chiajei (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from Killary Harbour, west coast of Ireland. Marine Biology, 115, 661-668.

Muus, K., (1981). Density and growth of juvenile Amphiura filiformis (Ophiuroidea) in the Oresund. Ophelia, 20, 153-168.

Newton, L.C. & McKenzie, J.D., (1998). Brittlestars, biomarkers and Beryl: Assessing the toxicity of oil-based drill cuttings using laboratory, mesocosm and field studies. Chemistry and Ecology, 15, 143-155.

Nilsson, H.C., (1999). Effects of hypoxia and organic enrichment on growth of the brittle star Amphiura filiformis (O.F. Müller) and Amphiura chaijei Forbes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 237, 11-30.

Pagett, R.M., (1979). Tolerance to brackish water by ophiuroids with special reference to a Scottish sea loch, Loch Etive. In Echinoderms: present and past. Proceedings of the European Colloquium on Echinoderms, (ed. Jangoux, M. ).

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Petersen, C.G.J., (1918). The sea bottom and its production of fish food. A survey of the work done in connection with valuation of the Denmark waters from 1883-1917. Report of the Danish Biological Station, 25, 1-62.

Peterson, C.H., (1977). Competitive organisation of the soft bottom macrobenthic communities of southern California lagoons. Marine Biology, 43, 343-359.

Ramsay, K., Kaiser, M.J. & Hughes, R.N. (1998). The responses of benthic scavengers to fishing disturbance by towed gears in different habitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 224, 73-89.

Rauck, G., (1988). What influence have bottom trawls on the seafloor and bottom fauna? Informationen fur die Fischwirtschaft, Hamberg, 35, 104-106.

Rosenberg, R. & Loo, L., (1988). Marine eutrophication induced oxygen deficiency: effects on soft bottom fauna, western Sweden. Ophelia, 29, 213-225.

Rosenberg, R., Hellman, B. & Johansson, B., (1991). Hypoxic tolerance of marine benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 79, 127-131.

Rowden, A.A., Jones, M.B. & Morris, A.W., (1998). The role of Callianassa subterranea (Montagu) (Thalassinidea) in sediment resuspension in the North Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 18, 1365-1380.

Rygg, B., (1985). Effect of sediment copper on benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 25, 83-89.

Schinner, G.O., (1993). Burrowing behaviour, substratum preference and distribution of Schisater canaliferus (Echinoidea: Spatangoida) in the Northern Adriatic Sea. Marine Ecology, 14, 129-145.

Stickle, W.B. & Diehl, W.J., (1987). Effects of salinity on echinoderms. In Echinoderm Studies, Vol. 2, (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 235-285.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Taylor, A.C., Field, R.H. & Parslow-Williams, P.J., (1996). The effects of Hematodinium sp. Infection on aspects of the respiratory physiology of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 207, 217-228.

Tenore, K.R., (1998). Nitrogen in benthic food chains. In Nitrogen Cycling in Coastal Marine Environments, (eds. Blackburn, T.H. & Sörensen J.), 191-206. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Tuck, I.D., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Chapman, C.J., (1994). The structure and seasonal variability in the spatial distribution of Nephrops norvegicus burrows. Ophelia, 40, 13-25.

Walsh, G.E., McLaughlin, L.L., Louie, M.K., Deans, C.H. & Lores, E.M., (1986). Inhibition of arm regeneration by Ophioderma brevispina (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) by tributyltin oxide and triphenyltin oxide. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 12, 95-100.

Widdicombe, S. & Austen, M.C., (1999). Mesocosm investigation into the effects of bioturbation on the diversity and structure of a subtidal macrobenthic community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 189, 181-193.

Widdicombe, S. & Austen, M.C., (1998). Experimental evidence for the role of Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) as a critical species in the maintenance of benthic diversity and the modification of sediment chemistry. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 228, 241-255.