Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Barnes, H., Finlayson, D.M. & Piatigorsky, J., (1963). The effect of desiccation and anaerobic conditions on the behaviour, survival and general metabolism of three common cirripedes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 32, 233-252.

Barnes, M., (2000). The use of intertidal barnacle shells. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 38, 157-187.

Bennell, S.J., (1981). Some observations on the littoral barnacle populations of North Wales. Marine Environmental Research, 5, 227-240.

Bousfield, E.L., (1973). Shallow-water gammaridean Amphipoda of New England. London: Cornell University Press.

Bower, S.M. & McGladdery, S.E., (1996). Synopsis of Infectious Diseases and Parasites of Commercially Exploited Shellfish. SeaLane Diseases of Shellfish. [on-line]. http://www-sci.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/sealane/aquac/pages/toc.htm, 2000-11-27 00:00:00

Bower, S.M., (1992). Diseases and parasites of mussels. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 543-563. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25.]

Brawley, S.H., (1992b). Mesoherbivores. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos (ed. D.M John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 235-263. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46.]

Brosnan, D.M. & Crumrine, L.L., (1994). Effects of human trampling on marine rocky shore communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 177, 79-97.

Brown, P.J. & Taylor, R.B., (1999). Effects of trampling by humans on animals inhabiting coralline algal turf in the rocky intertidal. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 235, 45-53.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Burrows, E.M., (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.], http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/

Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O., (1997b). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 229, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report No. 230, Version 97.06.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crothers, J.H., (1985). Dog-whelks: an introduction to the biology of Nucella lapillus (L.) Field Studies, 6, 291-360.

Daly, M.A. & Mathieson, A.C., (1977). The effects of sand movement on intertidal seaweeds and selected invertebrates at Bound Rock, New Hampshire, USA. Marine Biology, 43, 45-55.

Dame, R.F.D., (1996). Ecology of Marine Bivalves: an Ecosystem Approach. New York: CRC Press Inc. [Marine Science Series.]

Davenport, J., Moore, P.G., Magill, S.H. & Fraser, L.A., (1998). Enhanced condition in dogwhelks, Nucella lapillus (L.) living under mussel hummocks. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 230, 225-234.

Davies, G., Dare, P.J. & Edwards, D.B., (1980). Fenced enclosures for the protection of seed mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) from predation by shore crabs (Carcinus maenas (L.)) in Morecambe Bay, England. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Fisheries Technical Report, no. 56.

de Vooys, C.G.N., (1987). Elimination of sand in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 21, 75-78.

Diaz, R.J. & Rosenberg, R., (1995). Marine benthic hypoxia: a review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 245-303.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M., (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1 Rhodophyta. Part 1 Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. London: British Museum (Natural History) London.

Ekaratne, S.U.K. & Crisp, D.J., (1984). Seasonal growth studies of intertidal gastropods from shell micro-growth band measurements, including a comparison with alternative methods. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 183-210.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Feare, C.J., (1970b). Aspects of the ecology of an exposed shore population of dogwhelks Nucella lapillus. Oecologia, 5, 1-18.

Fletcher, H. & Frid, C.L.J., (1996). Impact and management of visitor pressure on rocky intertidal algal communities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 6, 287-297.

Foster, B.A., (1971b). On the determinants of the upper limit of intertidal distribution of barnacles. Journal of Animal Ecology, 40, 33-48.

Foster, P., Hunt, D.T.E. & Morris, A.W., (1978). Metals in an acid mine stream and estuary. Science of the Total Environment, 9, 75-86.

Gibbs, P.E., Green, J.C. & Pascoe, P.C., (1999). A massive summer kill of the dog-whelk, Nucella lapillus, on the north Cornwall coast in 1995: freak or forerunner? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 103-109.

Grenon, J.F. & Walker, G., (1981). The tenacity of the limpet, Patella vulgata L.: an experimental approach. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 54, 277-308.

Hawkins, S.J. & Harkin, E., (1985). Preliminary canopy removal experiments in algal dominated communities low on the shore and in the shallow subtidal on the Isle of Man. Botanica Marina, 28, 223-30.

Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1983). Grazing of intertidal algae by marine invertebrates. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 21, 195-282.

Hawkins, S.J. & Southward, A.J., (1992). The Torrey Canyon oil spill: recovery of rocky shore communities. In Restoring the Nations Marine Environment, (ed. G.W. Thorpe), Chapter 13, pp. 583-631. Maryland, USA: Maryland Sea Grant College.

Hawkins, S.J., (1981). The influence of Patella grazing on the fucoid/barnacle mosaic on moderately exposed rocky shores. Kieler Meeresforschungen, 5, 537-543.

Hawkins, S.J., Hartnoll, R.G., Kain, J.M. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Plant-animal interactions on hard substrata in the north-east Atlantic. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos (ed. D.M. John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 1-32. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46.]

Hawkins, S.J., Proud, S.V., Spence, S.K. & Southward, A.J., (1994). From the individual to the community and beyond: water quality, stress indicators and key species in coastal systems. In Water quality and stress indicators in marine and freshwater ecosystems: linking levels of organisation (individuals, populations, communities) (ed. D.W. Sutcliffe), 35-62. Ambleside, UK: Freshwater Biological Association.

Hawkins, S.J., Southward, A.J. & Barrett, R.L., (1983). Population structure of Patella vulgata (L.) during succession on rocky shores in southwest England. Oceanologica Acta, Special Volume, 103-107.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Holt, T.J., Rees, E.I., Hawkins, S.J. & Seed, R., (1998). Biogenic reefs (Volume IX). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project), 174 pp.

Hong, J. & Reish, D.J., (1987). Acute toxicity of cadmium to eight species of marine amphipod and isopod crustaceans from southern California. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 39, 884-888.

Jørgensen, C.B., (1981). Mortality, growth, and grazing impact on a cohort of bivalve larvae, Mytilus edulis L. Ophelia, 20, 185-192.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid,

Kautsky, N., (1981). On the trophic role of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) in a Baltic coastal ecosystem and the fate of the organic matter produced by the mussels. Kieler Meeresforschungen Sonderheft, 5, 454-461.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1980). Diseases of marine animals. vol. 1. General aspects. Protozoa to Gastropoda. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Landsberg, J.H., (1996). Neoplasia and biotoxins in bivalves: is there a connection? Journal of Shellfish Research, 15, 203-230.

Little, C. & Kitching, J.A., (1996). The Biology of Rocky Shores. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Livingstone, D.R. & Pipe, R.K., (1992). Mussels and environmental contaminants: molecular and cellular aspects. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 425-464. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Lutz, R.A. & Kennish, M.J., (1992). Ecology and morphology of larval and early larval postlarval mussels. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 53-85. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H., (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles: Volume 1 Rhodophycota Part 3A Ceramiales. London: Natural History Museum, Her Majesty's Stationary Office.

McGrorty, S., Clarke, R.T., Reading, C.J. & Goss, C.J.D., (1990). Population dynamics of the mussel Mytilus edulis: density changes and regulation of the population in the Exe Estuary, Devon. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 67, 157-169.

McKay, D.W., (1994). Aulacomya ater (Mollina, 1782) [Mollusca: Pelecypoda] collected from the Moray Firth. Porcupine Newsletter, 5, 23.

McLusky, D.S., Bryant, V. & Campbell, R., (1986). The effects of temperature and salinity on the toxicity of heavy metals to marine and estuarine invertebrates. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 24, 481-520.

Monterosso, B., (1930). Studi cirripedologici. VI. Sul comportamento di Chthamalus stellatus in diverse condizioni sperimentali. Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei Rc., 9, 501-504.

Moore, P.G., (1977a). Inorganic particulate suspensions in the sea and their effects on marine animals. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 15, 225-363.

Newell, R.C., (1979). Biology of intertidal animals. Faversham: Marine Ecological Surveys Ltd.

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Pieters, H., Klutymans, J.H., Zandee, D.I. & Cadee, G.C., (1980). Tissue composition and reproduction of Mytilus edulis dependent upon food availability. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 14, 349-361.

Purchon, R.D., (1937). Studies on the biology of the Bristol Channel. Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalists' Society, 8, 311-329.

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., (1999). Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Rainbow, P.S., (1984). An introduction to the biology of British littoral barnacles. Field Studies, 6, 1-51.

Schiel, D.R. & Foster, M.S., (1986). The structure of subtidal algal stands in temperate waters. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 24, 265-307.

Schiel, D.R. & Taylor, D.I., (1999). Effects of trampling on a rocky intertidal algal assemblage in southern New Zealand. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 235, 213-235.

Seapy , R.R. & Littler, M.M., (1982). Population and Species Diversity Fluctuations in a Rocky Intertidal Community Relative to Severe Aerial Exposure and Sediment Burial. Marine Biology, 71, 87-96.

Seed, R. & Suchanek, T.H., (1992). Population and community ecology of Mytilus. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 87-169. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25.]

Seed, R., (1996). Patterns of biodiversity in the macro-invertebrate fauna associated with mussel patches on rocky shores. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 76, 203-210.

Shumway, S.E., (1992). Mussels and public health. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E. Gosling), pp. 511-542. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Shumway, S.E., (1990). A review of the effects of algal blooms on shellfish and aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 21, 65-104.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Southward, A.J. & Crisp, D.J., (1956). Fluctuations in the distribution and abundance of intertidal barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 35, 211-229.

Southward, A.J. & Southward, E.C., (1978). Recolonisation of rocky shores in Cornwall after use of toxic dispersants to clean up the Torrey Canyon spill. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 35, 682-706.

Southward, A.J., (1964). Limpet grazing and the control of vegetation on rocky shores. In Grazing in Terrestrial and Marine Environments, British Ecological Society Symposium No. 4 (ed. D.J. Crisp), 265-273.

Southward, A.J., Hawkins, S.J. & Burrows, M.T., (1995). Seventy years observations of changes in distribution and abundance of zooplankton and intertidal organisms in the western English Channel in relation to rising sea temperature. Journal of Thermal Biology, 20, 127-155.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Suchanek, T.H., (1978). The ecology of Mytilus edulis L. in exposed rocky intertidal communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 31, 105-120.

Suchanek, T.H., (1985). Mussels and their role in structuring rocky shore communities. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 70-96.

Tsuchiya, M. & Nishihira, M., (1986). Islands of Mytilus edulis as a habitat for small intertidal animals: effect of Mytilus age structure on the species composition of the associated fauna and community organization. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 31, 171-178.

Tsuchiya, M. & Nishihira, M., (1985). Islands of Mytilus as a habitat for small intertidal animals: effect of island size on community structure. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 25, 71-81.

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

Widdows, J. & Donkin, P., (1992). Mussels and environmental contaminants: bioaccumulation and physiological aspects. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 383-424. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Widdows, J., (1991). Physiological ecology of mussel larvae. Aquaculture, 94, 147-163.

Widdows, J., Donkin, P., Brinsley, M.D., Evans, S.V., Salkeld, P.N., Franklin, A., Law, R.J. & Waldock, M.J., (1995). Scope for growth and contaminant levels in North Sea mussels Mytilus edulis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 127, 131-148.

Zwaan de, A. & Mathieu, M., (1992). Cellular biochemistry and endocrinology. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 223-307. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]