Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Ambrose, W.G., (1984). Role of predatory infauna in structuring marine soft-bottom communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 17, 109-115.

Anon, (1992). An experimental study on the impact of clam dredging on soft sediment macroinvertebrates. (Contractor: Southern Science, Hampshire Laboratory, Otterbourne, Hants.). Unpublished report to English Nature. (English Nature Research Report, No. 13).

Anonymous, (1999o). Mudflats. Habitat Action Plan. In UK Biodiversity Group. Tranche 2 Action Plans. English Nature for the UK Biodiversity Group, Peterborough., English Nature for the UK Biodiversity Group, Peterborough.

Baird, D., Evans, P.R., Milne, H. & Pienkowski, M.W., (1985). Utilization by shorebirds of benthic invertebrate production in intertidal areas. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 23, 573-597.

Beukema, J.J., (1990). Expected effects of changes in winter temperatures on benthic animals living in soft sediments in coastal North Sea areas. In Expected effects of climatic change on marine coastal ecosystems (ed. J.J. Beukema, W.J. Wolff & J.J.W.M. Brouns), pp. 83-92. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publ.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Buchanan, J.B., (1966). The biology of Echinocardium cordatum (Echinodermata: Spatangoidea) from different habitats. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 46, 97-114.

Clark, R.B., (1997). Marine Pollution, 4th ed. Oxford: Carendon Press.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Costa, M.J. & Elliot, M., (1991). Fish usage and feeding in two industrialised estuaries - the Tagus, Portugal and the Forth, Scotland. In Estuaries and Coasts: Spatial and Temporal Intercomparisons (ed. B. Knights & A.J. Phillips), pp. 289-297. Denmark: Olsen & Olsen.

Cotter, A.J.R., Walker, P., Coates, P., Cook, W. & Dare, P.J., (1997). Trial of a tractor dredger for cockles in Burry Inlet, South Wales. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54, 72-83.

Cox, J., (1991). Dredging for the American hard-shell clam - implications for nature conservation. Ecosystems. A Review of Conservation, 12, 50-54.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Dauvin, J.C., Bellan, G., Bellan-Santini, D., Castric, A., Francour, P., Gentil, F., Girard, A., Gofas, S., Mahe, C., Noel, P., & Reviers, B. de., (1994). Typologie des ZNIEFF-Mer. Liste des parametres et des biocoenoses des cotes francaises metropolitaines. 2nd ed. Secretariat Faune-Flore, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Collection Patrimoines Naturels, Serie Patrimoine Ecologique, No. 12). Coll. Patrimoines Naturels, vol. 12, Secretariat Faune-Flore, Paris.

Davidson, N.C. & Rothwell, P.I., (1993). Human disturbance to waterfowl on estuaries: conservation and coastal management implications of current knowledge. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68, 97-107.

Davidson, N.C., Laffoley, D., Doody, J.P., Way, L.S., Key, R., Drake, C.M., Pienkowski, M.W., Mitchell, M.R. & Duff, K.L., (1991). Nature Conservation and Estuaries in Great Britain. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council.

Dernie, K.M., Kaiser, M.J., Richardson, E.A. & Warwick, R.M., (2003). Recovery of soft sediment communities and habitats following physical disturbance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 285-286, 415-434.

Dolphin, T.J., Hume, T.M. & Parnell, K.E., (1995). Oceanographic processes and sediment mixing on a sand flat in an enclosed sea, Manukau Harbour, New Zealand. Marine Geology, 128, 169-181.

Eagle, R.A., (1975). Natural fluctuations in a soft bottom benthic community. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 865-878.

Eagle, R.A., (1973). Benthic studies in the south east of Liverpool Bay. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 1, 285-299.

Edwards, A., Garwood, P., & Kendall, M., (1992). The Gann Flat, Dale: thirty years on. Field Studies, 8, 59-75.

Elliot, M., Nedwell, S., Jones, N.V., Read, S.J., Cutts, N.D. & Hemingway, K.L., (1998). Intertidal sand and mudflats & subtidal mobile sandbanks (Vol. II). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity for conservation management of marine SACs. Prepared by the Scottish Association for Marine Science for the UK Marine SACs Project.

Elliott, M. & Griffiths, A.H., (1987). Contamination and effects of hydrocarbons on the Forth ecosystem, Scotland. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 93B, 327-342.

Eltringham, S.K., (1971). Life in mud and sand. London: The English Universities Press Ltd.

Emerson, C.W. & Grant, J., (1991). The control of soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) recruitment on intertidal sandflats by bedload sediment transport. Limnology and Oceanography, 36, 1288-1300.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Evans, P.R., Herdson, D.M., Knights, P.J. & Pienkowski, M. W. (1979). Short-term effects of reclamation of part of Seal sands, Teesmouth, on wintering waders and shelduck. 1. Shorebird diets, invertebrate density and the impact of predation on the invertebrates. Oecologia, 41, 183-206.

Evans, P.R., Ward, R.M., Bone, M. & Leakey, M., (1998). Creation of temperate-climate intertidal mudflats: factors affecting colonization and use by benthic invertebrates and their bird predators. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 37, 535-545.

Fenchel, T., (1972). Aspects of decomposer food chains in marine benthos. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gellschaft, 65, 14-22.

Ferns, P.N., (1983). Sediment mobility in the Severn Estuary and its effect upon the distribution of shorebirds. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, , 331-340.

Ferns, P.N., Rostron, D.M. & Siman, H.Y., (2000). Effects of mechanical cockle harvesting on intertidal communities. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37, 464-474.

Gibson, R.N., (1973). The intertidal movements and distribution of young fish on a sandy beach with special reference to the plaice (Pleuronectes platessa L.). Journal of Experimental Biology and Marine Ecology, 12, 79-102.

Goede, A.A. & de Voogt, P., (1985). Lead and cadmium in waders from the Dutch Wadden Sea. Environmental Pollution, A37, 311-322.

Goss-Custard, J.D. & Verboven, N., (1993). Disturbance and feeding shorebirds on the Exe estuary. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68 (special issue).

Gray, J.S., (1981). The ecology of marine sediments. An introduction to the structure and function of benthic communities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hall, J.A. & Frid, C.L.J., (1997). Benthic community structure and sediment heavy metal concentrations in two estuaries in NE England. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumbria, 57, 207-236.

Hall, S.J. & Harding, M.J.C., (1997). Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: the effects of mechanical harvesting of cockles on non-target benthic infauna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 497-517.

Hall, S.J., (1994). Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: life in unconsolidated sediments. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 179-239.

Jones, L.A., Hiscock, K. & Connor, D.W., (2000). Marine habitat reviews. A summary of ecological requirements and sensitivity characteristics for the conservation and management of marine SACs. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. (UK Marine SACs Project report.)., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine

Jones, N.V. & Key, R.S., (1989). The biological value of mudflats in the Humber estuary (England): Areas proposed for land reclamation. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Coastal Ecosystems: Planning, Pollution and Productivity, 2, 19-32.

Libes, S.M., (1992). An introduction to marine biogeochemistry. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons

MacIntyre, H.L., Geider, R.J. & Miller, D.C., (1996). Microphytobenthos: The ecological role of the "secret garden" of unvegetated, shallow-water marine habitats. 1. Distribution, abundance and primary production. Estuaries, 19, 186-201.

McLachlan, A., (1996). Physical factors in benthic ecology: Effects of changing sand particle size on beach fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 131, 205-217.

McLusky, D.S., (1989). The Estuarine Ecosystem, 2nd ed. New York: Chapman & Hall.

Meire, P.M., (1993). The impact of bird predation on marine and estuarine bivalve populations: a selective review of patterns and underlying causes. In Bivalve filter feeders in estuarine and coastal ecosystem processes (ed. R.F. Dame). NATO ASI Series, Springer Verlag.

Mohamed, S.A., (1998). Density and distribution of migratory waders along the shores of Bahrain Islands. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research, 16, 145-157.

Nedwell, S.F., (1997). Intraspecific variation in the responses to copper by two estuarine invertebrates. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. University of Hull.

Newell, R.C., Seiderer, L.J. & Hitchcock, D.R., (1998). The impact of dredging works in coastal waters: a review of the sensitivity to disturbance and subsequent biological recovery of biological resources on the sea bed. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 36, 127-178.

Nordheim, van, H., Andersen, O.N. & Thissen, J., (1996). Red lists of Biotopes, Flora and Fauna of the Trilateral Wadden Sea area, 1995. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 50 (Suppl.), 1-136.

Parslow, J.L.F., (1973). Mercury in waders from the Wash. Environmental Pollution, 5, 295-304.

Pearson, T.H & Eleftheriou, A., (1981). The benthic ecology of Sullom Voe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (B), 80, 241-269.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Peterson, C.H., (1977). Competitive organisation of the soft bottom macrobenthic communities of southern California lagoons. Marine Biology, 43, 343-359.

Pethick, J., (1984). An introduction to coastal geomorphology. London: Arnold.

Raffaelli, D.G., Raven, J.A. & Poole, L.J., (1998). Ecological impact of green macroalgal blooms. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 36, 97-125.

Rees, E.I.S., Nicholaidou, A. & Laskaridou, P., (1977). The effects of storms on the dynamics of shallow water benthic associations. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, Ireland, October 5-11, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 465-474.

Reise, K., (1978). Experiments on epibenthic predation in the Wadden Sea. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 30, 263-271.

Smit, C.J. & Visser, G.J.M., (1993). Effects of disturbance on shorebirds: a summary of existing knowledge from the Dutch Wadden Sea and Delta area. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68 (special issue).

Smith, C.R. & Brumsickle, S.J., (1989). The effects of patch size and substrate isolation on colonization modes and rates in an intertidal sediment Limnology and Oceanography, 34, 1263-1277.

Warwick, R.M., Joint, I.R. & Radford, P.J., (1979). Secondary production of the benthos in an estuarine environment. In Ecological processes in coastal environments. Proceedings of the First European Ecological Symposium and the 19th Symposium of the British Ecological Society, Norwich, 12-16 September 1977 (ed. R.L. Jefferies and A.J. Davy), pp. 429-450. Oxford: Blackwell Science Publications.

Woodin, S.A., (1974). Polychaete abundance patterns in a marine soft-sediment environment: the importance of biological interactions. Ecological Monographs, 44, 171-187.