Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Austin, A.P., (1960a). Life history and reproduction of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lamouroux. Annals of Botany, New Series, 24, 257-274.

Austin, A.P., (1960b). Observations on the growth, fruiting and longevity of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lamouroux. Hydrobiologia, 15, 193-207.

Barnes, R.S.K. & Hughes, R.N., (1992). An introduction to marine ecology. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Barton, E.S., (1901). On certain galls in Furcellaria and Chondrus. Journal of Botany, 39, 49-51.

Bird, C.J., Saunders, G.W. & McLachlan, J., (1991). Biology of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) Lamouroux (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales), a commercial carrageenophyte. Journal of Applied Phycology, 3, 61-82.

Bird, N.L., Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J., (1979). Effects of temperature, light and salinity of growth in culture of Chondrus crispus, Furcellaria lumbricalis, Gracilaria tikvahiae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), and Fucus serratus (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Botanica Marina, 22, 521-527.

Birkett, D.A., Maggs, C.A., Dring, M.J. & Boaden, P.J.S., (1998b). Infralittoral reef biotopes with kelp species: an overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared by Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, vol V.).,

Boney, A.D., (1971). Sub-lethal effects of mercury on marine algae. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2, 69-71.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Burdin, K.S. & Bird, K.T., (1994). Heavy metal accumulation by carrageenan and agar producing algae. Botanica Marina, 37, 467-470.

Chapman, V.J. & Chapman, D.J., (1980). Seaweeds and their uses. Chapman & Hall.

Chia, F.S. & Spaulding, J.G., (1972). Development and juvenile growth of the sea anemone Tealia crassicornis. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 142, 206-218.

Chopin, T. & Wagey, B.T., (1999). Factorial study of the effects of phosphorus and nitrogen enrichments on nutrient and carrageenan content in Chondrus crispus (Rhododphyceae) and on residual nutrient concentration in seawater. Botanica Marina, 42, 23-31.

Chopin, T., Pringle, J.D. & Semple, R.E., (1988). Reproductive capacity of dragraked and non-dragraked Irish moss (Chondrus crispus Stackhouse) beds in the southern Gulf of St Lawrence. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 45, 758-766.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Correa, J.A. & McLachlan, J.L., (1992). Endophytic algae of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta). 4. Effects on the host following infections by Acrochaete operculata and A. heteroclada (Chlorophyta). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 81, 73-87.

Craigie, J.S. & Correa, J.A., (1996). Etiology of infectious diseases in cultivated Chondrus crispus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Hydrobiologia, 326-327, 97-104.

Daly, M.A. & Mathieson, A.C., (1977). The effects of sand movement on intertidal seaweeds and selected invertebrates at Bound Rock, New Hampshire, USA. Marine Biology, 43, 45-55.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Dickinson, C.I., (1963). British seaweeds. London & Frome: Butler & Tanner Ltd.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M., (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1 Rhodophyta. Part 1 Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. London: British Museum (Natural History) London.

Dudgeon, S.R. & Johnson, A.S., (1992). Thick vs. thin: thallus morphology and tissue mechanics influence differential drag and dislodgement of two co-dominant seaweeds . Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 165, 23-43.

Dudgeon, S.R., Davison, I.R. & Vadas, R.L., (1990). Freezing tolerance in the intertidal red algae Chondrus crispus and Mastocarpus stellatus: relative importance of acclimation and adaptation. Marine Biology, 106, 427-436.

Dudgeon, S.R., Kuebler, J.E., Vadas, R.L. & Davison, I.R., (1995). Physiological responses to environmental variation in intertidal red algae: does thallus morphology matter ? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 117, 193-206.

Fletcher, R.L. & Callow, M.E., (1992). The settlement, attachment and establishment of marine algal spores. British Phycological Journal, 27, 303-329.

Fortes, M.D. & Lüning, K., (1980). Growth rates of North Sea macroalgae in relation to temperature, irradiance and photoperiod. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 34, 15-29.

Guiry, M.D. & Blunden, G., (1991). Seaweed Resources in Europe: Uses and Potential. Chicester: John Wiley & Sons.

Gutierrez, L.M. & Fernandez, C., (1992). Water motion and morphology in Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology, 28, 156-162.

Haglund, K., Axelsson, L. & Pedersen, M., (1987). Photosynthesis and respiration in the alga Ahnfeltia plicata in a flow through system. Marine Biology, 96, 409-412.

Hawkins, S.J. & Harkin, E., (1985). Preliminary canopy removal experiments in algal dominated communities low on the shore and in the shallow subtidal on the Isle of Man. Botanica Marina, 28, 223-30.

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hiscock, K., ed. (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review. Benthic marine ecosystems of Great Britain and the north-east Atlantic. Peterborough, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holme, N.A. & Wilson, J.B., (1985). Faunas associated with longitudinal furrows and sand ribbons in a tide-swept area in the English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 1051-1072.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Jansson, M. & Kautsky, M., (1976). Quantitative survey of hard bottom communities in a Baltic archipelago. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, 5-11 October, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O. Ceidigh & Boaden, P.J.S.), pp. 359-366.

Johansson ,G., Eriksson, B.K., Pedersen, M. & Snoeijs, P., (1998). Long term changes of macroalgal vegetation in the Skagerrak area. Hydrobiologia, 385, 121-138.

Jorde, I. & Klavestad, N., (1963). The natural history of the Hardangerfjord. 4. The benthonic algal vegetation. Sarsia, 9, 1-99.

Juanes, J.A. & McLachlan, J.L., (1992). Productivity of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in sublittoral Prince Edward Island. 2. Influence of temperature and nitrogen reserves. Botanica Marina, 35, 399-405.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., & Norton, T.A., (1990). Marine Ecology. In Biology of the Red Algae, (ed. K.M. Cole & Sheath, R.G.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kautsky, N., Kautsky, H., Kautsky, U. & Waern, M., (1986). Decreased depth penetration of Fucus vesiculosus (L.) since the 1940s indicates eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 28, 1-8.

Lüning, K. & Freshwater, W., (1988). Temperature tolerance of northeast Pacific marine algae. Journal of Phycology, 24, 310-315.

Lewis, J.R., (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

Maggs, C.A. & Pueschel, C.M., (1989). Morphology and development of Ahnfeltia plicata (Rhodophyta) : proposal of Ahnfeltiales ord. nov. Journal of Phycology, 25, 333-351.

Mathieson, A.C. & Burns, R.L., (1975). Ecological studies of economic red algae. 5. Growth and reproduction of natural and harvested populations of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse in New Hampshire. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 17, 137-156.

Mathieson, A.C. & Burns, R.L., (1971). Ecological studies of economic red algae. 1. Photosynthesis and respiration of Chondrus crispus (Stackhouse) and Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 7, 197-206.

Minchinton, T.E., Schiebling, R.E. & Hunt, H.L., (1997). Recovery of an intertidal assemblage following a rare occurrence of scouring by sea ice in Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina, 40, 139-148.

Molina, F.I., (1986). Petersenia pollagaster (Oomycetes): an invasive fungal pathogen of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyceae). In The Biology of Marine Fungi (ed. S.T. Moss), 165-175.

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

Novaczek, I. & Breeman, A.M., (1990). Thermal ecotypes of amphi-Atlantic algae. 2. Cold-temperate species (Furcellaria lumbricalis and Polyides rotundus). Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 44, 475-485.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Plinski, M. & Florczyk, I., (1984). Changes in the phytobenthos resulting from the eutrophication of Puck Bay. Limnologica, 15, 325-327.

Pybus, C., (1977). The ecology of Chondrus crispus and Gigartina stellata (Rhodophyta) in Galway Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 609-628.

Schwenke, H., (1971). Water movement: 2. Plants. In Marine Ecology. Volume 1. Environmental Factors (2), 705-820 (ed. O. Kinne). Wiley-Interscience, London.

Scrosati, R., Garbary, D.J. & McLachlan, J., (1994). Reproductive ecology of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) from Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina, 37, 293-300.

Sharp, G.J., Tetu, C., Semple, R. & Jones, D., (1993). Recent changes in the seaweed community of western Prince Edward Island: implications for the seaweed industry. Hydrobiologia, 260-261, 291-296.

Sharp, G.J., Tremblay, D.M. & Roddick, D.L., (1986). Vulnerability of the southwestern Nova Scotia Chondrus crispus resource to handraking. Botanica Marina, 29, 449-453.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Solé-Cava, A.M., Thorpe, J.P. & Todd, C.D., (1994). High genetic similarity between geographically distant populations in a sea anemone with low dispersal capabilities. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74, 895-902.

Stanley, S.J., (1992). Observations on the seasonal occurrence of marine endophytic and parasitic fungi. Canadian Journal of Botany, 70, 2089-2096.

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

Vidaver, W., (1972). Dissolved gases - plants. In Marine Ecology. Volume 1. Environmental factors (3), (ed. O. Kinne), 1471-1490. Wiley-Interscience, London.

Vogt, H. & Schramm, W., (1991). Conspicuous decline of Fucus in Kiel Bay (Western Baltic): what are the causes ? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 69, 189-194.

Wallentinus, I., (1978). Productivity studies on Baltic macroalgae. Botanica Marina, 21, 365-380.

Worm, B. & Chapman, A.R.O., (1998). Relative effects of elevated grazing pressure and competition from a red algal turf on two post settlement stages of Fucus evanescens. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 220, 247-268.