Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Ang, P.O., Jr., (1991). Natural dynamics of a Fucus distichus (Phaeophyta, Fucales) population: reproduction and recruitment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 78, 71-85.

Bennell, S.J., (1981). Some observations on the littoral barnacle populations of North Wales. Marine Environmental Research, 5, 227-240.

Bird, N.L. & McLachlan, J., (1976). Control of the formation of receptacles in Fucus distichus L. ssp. Distichus (Phaeophyceae: Fucales). Phycologia, 15, 79-84.

Brosnan, D.M. & Crumrine, L.L., (1994). Effects of human trampling on marine rocky shore communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 177, 79-97.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1983). Heavy metals from the Fal estuary, Cornwall: a study of long-term contamination by mining waste and its effects on estuarine organisms. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [Occasional Publication, no. 2.]

Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O., (1997b). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 229, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report No. 230, Version 97.06.

Ekaratne, S.U.K. & Crisp, D.J., (1984). Seasonal growth studies of intertidal gastropods from shell micro-growth band measurements, including a comparison with alternative methods. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 183-210.

Fletcher, H. & Frid, C.L.J., (1996). Impact and management of visitor pressure on rocky intertidal algal communities. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 6, 287-297.

Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1985). Patchiness and fluctuations on moderately exposed rocky shores. Ophelia, 24, 53-63.

Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1985). Factors determining the upper limits of intertidal canopy-forming algae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 20, 265-271.

Hawkins, S.J. & Southward, A.J., (1992). The Torrey Canyon oil spill: recovery of rocky shore communities. In Restoring the Nations Marine Environment, (ed. G.W. Thorpe), Chapter 13, pp. 583-631. Maryland, USA: Maryland Sea Grant College.

Hawkins, S.J., Proud, S.V., Spence, S.K. & Southward, A.J., (1994). From the individual to the community and beyond: water quality, stress indicators and key species in coastal systems. In Water quality and stress indicators in marine and freshwater ecosystems: linking levels of organisation (individuals, populations, communities) (ed. D.W. Sutcliffe), 35-62. Ambleside, UK: Freshwater Biological Association.

Hill, S., Burrows, S.J. & Hawkins, S.J., (1998). Intertidal Reef Biotopes (Volume VI). An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine Special Areas of Conservation. Oban: Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project)., Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project).

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Kautsky, H., (1992). The impact of pulp-mill effluents on phytobenthic communities in the Baltic Sea. Ambio, 21, 308-313.

Kautsky, N., (1981). On the trophic role of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) in a Baltic coastal ecosystem and the fate of the organic matter produced by the mussels. Kieler Meeresforschungen Sonderheft, 5, 454-461.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1972). Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters,Vol.1, Environmental Factors, part 3. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Lewis, J.R., (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

Little, C. & Kitching, J.A., (1996). The Biology of Rocky Shores. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Newey, S. & Seed, R., (1995). The effects of the Braer oil spill on rocky intertidal communities in south Shetland, Scotland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 30, 274-280.

Pearson, G.A. & Davison, I.R., (1994). Freezing stress and osmotic dehydration in Fucus distichus (Phaeophyta): evidence for physiological similarity. Journal of Phycology, 30, 257-267.

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., (1999). Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Rice, E.L., Kenchington, T.J. & Chapman, A.R.O., (1985). Intraspecific geographic-morphological variation patterns in Fucus distichus and F. evanescens. Marine Biology, 88, 207-215.

Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A., (1979). An investigation of drought avoidance in intertidal fucoid algae. Botanica Marina, 22, 133-144.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Southward, A.J., Hawkins, S.J. & Burrows, M.T., (1995). Seventy years observations of changes in distribution and abundance of zooplankton and intertidal organisms in the western English Channel in relation to rising sea temperature. Journal of Thermal Biology, 20, 127-155.