Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Austin, A.P., (1960b). Observations on the growth, fruiting and longevity of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lamouroux. Hydrobiologia, 15, 193-207.

Axelsson, B. & Axelsson, L., (1987). A rapid and reliable method to quantify environmental effects on Laminaria based on measurements of ion leakage. Botanica Marina, 30, 55-61.

Bird, C.J., Saunders, G.W. & McLachlan, J., (1991). Biology of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) Lamouroux (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales), a commercial carrageenophyte. Journal of Applied Phycology, 3, 61-82.

Bird, N.L., Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J., (1979). Effects of temperature, light and salinity of growth in culture of Chondrus crispus, Furcellaria lumbricalis, Gracilaria tikvahiae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), and Fucus serratus (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Botanica Marina, 22, 521-527.

Birkett, D.A., Maggs, C.A., Dring, M.J. & Boaden, P.J.S., (1998b). Infralittoral reef biotopes with kelp species: an overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared by Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, vol V.).,

Bokn, T.L., Moy, F.E. & Murray, S.N., (1993). Long-term effects of the water-accommodated fraction (WAF) of diesel oil on rocky shore populations maintained in experimental mesocosms. Botanica Marina, 36, 313-319.

Brawley, S.H., (1992b). Mesoherbivores. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos (ed. D.M John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 235-263. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46.]

Brazier, D.P., Holt, R.H.F., Murray, E. & Nichols, D.M., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 10. Cardigan Bay and North Wales: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Chopin, T., Pringle, J.D. & Semple, R.E., (1988). Reproductive capacity of dragraked and non-dragraked Irish moss (Chondrus crispus Stackhouse) beds in the southern Gulf of St Lawrence. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 45, 758-766.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Covey, R., (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 11. Liverpool Bay and the Solway Firth: area summaries. , Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and Seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Dixon, I., Harrison, K., Hodder, J. & Roberts, C., (1978). Report of the second Dorset Underwater Survey, July 1977-March 1978. Unpublished report to Dorset County Council/ Nature Conservancy Council/ Dorset Naturalists' Trust.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Fletcher, R.L., (1996). The occurrence of 'green tides' - a review. In Marine Benthic Vegetation. Recent changes and the Effects of Eutrophication (ed. W. Schramm & P.H. Nienhuis). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. [Ecological Studies, vol. 123].

Floc'h, J. H. & Diouris, M., (1980). Initial effects of Amoco Cadiz oil on intertidal algae. Ambio, 9, 284-286.

Guiry, M.D. & Blunden, G., (1991). Seaweed Resources in Europe: Uses and Potential. Chicester: John Wiley & Sons.

Hammer, L., (1972). Anaerobiosis in marine algae and marine phanerograms. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Seaweed Symposium, Sapporo, Japan, August 8-12, 1971 (ed. K. Nisizawa, S. Arasaki, Chihara, M., Hirose, H., Nakamura V., Tsuchiya, Y.), pp. 414-419. Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1985). Factors determining the upper limits of intertidal canopy-forming algae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 20, 265-271.

Hawkins, S.J., Hartnoll, R.G., Kain, J.M. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Plant-animal interactions on hard substrata in the north-east Atlantic. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos (ed. D.M. John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 1-32. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46.]

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Hopkin, R. & Kain, J.M., (1978). The effects of some pollutants on the survival, growth and respiration of Laminaria hyperborea. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 7, 531-553.

Howson, C.M., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review. Sector 1. Shetland: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Johansson ,G., Eriksson, B.K., Pedersen, M. & Snoeijs, P., (1998). Long term changes of macroalgal vegetation in the Skagerrak area. Hydrobiologia, 385, 121-138.

Johns, P.M. & Mann, K.H., (1987). An experimental investigation of juvenile habitat preference and mortality among habitats of varying structural complexity. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 109, 275-285.

Jorde, I. & Klavestad, N., (1963). The natural history of the Hardangerfjord. 4. The benthonic algal vegetation. Sarsia, 9, 1-99.

Kain, J.M., (1979). A view of the genus Laminaria. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 17, 101-161.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., & Norton, T.A., (1990). Marine Ecology. In Biology of the Red Algae, (ed. K.M. Cole & Sheath, R.G.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kindig, A.C., & Littler, M.M., (1980). Growth and primary productivity of marine macrophytes exposed to domestic sewage effluents. Marine Environmental Research, 3, 81-100.

Lewis, J.R., (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

Moss, B.L. & Lacey, A., (1963). The development of Halidrys siliquosa (L.) Lyngb. New Phytologist, 62, 67-74.

Murray, E., Dalkin, M.J., Fortune, F. & Begg, K., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 2. Orkney: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and sea of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Pearson, G.A. & Davison, I.R., (1993). Freezing rate and duration determine the physiological response of intertidal fucoids to freezing. Marine Biology, 115, 353-362.

Plinski, M. & Florczyk, I., (1984). Changes in the phytobenthos resulting from the eutrophication of Puck Bay. Limnologica, 15, 325-327.

Pybus, C., (1977). The ecology of Chondrus crispus and Gigartina stellata (Rhodophyta) in Galway Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 609-628.

Rietema, H., (1993). Ecotypic differences between Baltic and North Sea populations of Delesseria sanguinea and Membranoptera alata. Botanica Marina, 36, 15-21.

Rosemarin, A., Lehtinen, K.J., Notini, M. & Mattsson, J., (1994). Effects of pulp mill chlorate on Baltic Sea algae. Environmental Pollution, 85, 3-13.

Schiel, D.R. & Foster, M.S., (1986). The structure of subtidal algal stands in temperate waters. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 24, 265-307.

Scrosati, R., Garbary, D.J. & McLachlan, J., (1994). Reproductive ecology of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) from Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina, 37, 293-300.

Sharp, G.J., Tremblay, D.M. & Roddick, D.L., (1986). Vulnerability of the southwestern Nova Scotia Chondrus crispus resource to handraking. Botanica Marina, 29, 449-453.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sousa, W.P., Schroeter, S.C. & Daines, S.D., (1981). Latitudinal variation in intertidal algal community structure: the influence of grazing and vegetative propagation. Oecologia, 48, 297-307.

Southward, A.J., (1982). An ecologist's view of the implications of the observed physiological and biochemical effects of petroleum compounds on marine organisms and ecosystems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. B, 297, 241-255.

Staehr, P.A., Pedersen, M.F., Thomsen, M.S., Wernberg, T. & Krause-Jensen, D., (2000). Invasion of Sargassum muticum in Limfjorden (Denmark) and its possible impact on the indigenous macroalgal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 207, 79-88.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Svendsen, P., (1972). Some observations on commercial harvesting and regrowth of Laminaria hyperborea. Fisken og Havet, 2, 33-45.

Thorp, K., Dalkin, M., Fortune, F. & Nichols, D., (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sector 14. Lagoons in the Outer Hebrides: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Thorpe, K., (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review, Sectors 1 and 2. Lagoons in Shetland and Orkney. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Vadas, R.L. & Elner, R.W., (1992). Plant-animal interactions in the north-west Atlantic. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos, (ed. D.M. John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), 33-60. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46].

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

van den Hoek, C., (1987). The possible significance of long range dispersal for the biogeography of seaweed. Helgoland Meersuntersuchungen, 41, 261-272.

Vidaver, W., (1972). Dissolved gases - plants. In Marine Ecology. Volume 1. Environmental factors (3), (ed. O. Kinne), 1471-1490. Wiley-Interscience, London.

Wernberg, T., Thomsen, M.S., Staehr, P.A. & Pedersen, M.F., (2001). Comparative phenology of Sargassum muticum and Halidrys siliquosa (Phaeophyceae: Fucales) in Limfjorden, Denmark. Botanica Marina, 44, 31-39.

Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C., Nielson, J. & Tortonese, E. (1986). Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. I, II & III. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).

Williams, G.A. & Seed, R., (1992). Interactions between macrofaunal epiphytes and their host algae. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos (ed. D.M John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 189-211. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46.]