Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Allman, G.J., (1871-1872). A monograph of the Gymnoblastic or Tubularian hydroids, Vol. I & II. London: Ray Society.

Arndt, E.A., (1989). Ecological, physiological and historical aspects of brackish water fauna distribution. In Proceedings of the 23rd European Marine Biology Symposium, Swansea, 5-9 September 1988. Reproduction, Genetics and Distribution of Marine Organisms, (ed. J.S. Ryland & P.A. Tyler), pp. 327-338. Denmark: Olsen & Olsen.

Arndt, E.A., (1984). The ecological niche of Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771). Limnologica, 15, 469-477.

Barnes, H., Finlayson, D.M. & Piatigorsky, J., (1963). The effect of desiccation and anaerobic conditions on the behaviour, survival and general metabolism of three common cirripedes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 32, 233-252.

Best, M.A. & Thorpe, J.P., (1994). An analysis of potential food sources available to intertidal bryozoans in Britain. In Proceedings of the 9th International Bryozoology conference, Swansea, 1992. Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans (ed. P.J. Hayward, J.S. Ryland & P.D. Taylor), pp. 1-7. Fredensborg: Olsen & Olsen.

Boero, F., (1984). The ecology of marine hydroids and effects of environmental factors: a review. Marine Ecology, 5, 93-118.

Brault, S. & Bourget, E., (1985). Structural changes in an estuarine subtidal epibenthic community: biotic and physical causes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 21, 63-73.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Foster, B.A., (1971b). On the determinants of the upper limit of intertidal distribution of barnacles. Journal of Animal Ecology, 40, 33-48.

Foster, B.A., (1971a). Desiccation as a factor in the intertidal zonation of barnacles. Marine Biology, 8, 12-29.

Foster, P., Hunt, D.T.E. & Morris, A.W., (1978). Metals in an acid mine stream and estuary. Science of the Total Environment, 9, 75-86.

Fulton, C., (1962). Environmental factors influencing the growth of Cordylophora. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 151, 61-78.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Gordon, D.P., (1972). Biological relationships of an intertidal bryozoan population. Journal of Natural History, 6, 503-514.

Hatcher, A.M., (1998). Epibenthic colonization patterns on slabs of stabilised coal-waste in Poole Bay, UK. Hydrobiologia, 367, 153-162.

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (1998). Cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 10. (2nd edition)]

Hermansen, P., Larsen, P.S. & Riisgård, H.U., (2001). Colony growth rate of encrusting bryozoans (Electra pilosa and Celleporella hyalina). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 263, 1-23.

Hiscock, K. & Hoare, R., (1975). The ecology of sublittoral communities at Abereiddy Quarry, Pembrokeshire. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the united Kingdom, 55, 833-864.

Hiscock, K. & Moore, J. (1986). Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain: Plymouth area including the Yealm. Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, no. 752.

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Houghton, J.P., Lees, D.C., Driskell, W.B., Lindstrom & Mearns, A.J., (1996). Recovery of Prince William Sound intertidal epibiota from Exxon Valdez oiling and shoreline treatments, 1989 through 1992. In Proceedings of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium. American Fisheries Society Symposium, no. 18, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 2-5 February 1993, (ed. S.D. Rice, R.B. Spies, D.A., Wolfe & B.A. Wright), pp.379-411.

Hunter, E. & Hughes, R.N., (1994). Influence of temperature, food ration and genotype on zooid size in Celleporella hyalina (L.). In Proceedings of the 9th International Bryozoology Conference, Swansea, 1992. Biology and Palaeobiology of Bryozoans (ed. P.J. Hayward, J.S. Ryland & P.D. Taylor), pp. 83-86. Fredensborg: Olsen & Olsen.

Jensen, A.C., Collins, K.J., Lockwood, A.P.M., Mallinson, J.J. & Turnpenny, W.H., (1994). Colonization and fishery potential of a coal-ash artificial reef, Poole Bay, United Kingdom. Bulletin of Marine Science, 55, 1263-1276.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Jormalainen, V., Honkanen, T., Vuorisalo, T. & Laihonen, P., (1994). Growth and reproduction of an estuarine population of the colonial hydroid Cordylophora caspia (Pallas) in the northern Baltic Sea. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 48, 407-418.

MBA (Marine Biological Association), (1957). Plymouth Marine Fauna. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.

McKinney, F.K., (1986). Evolution of erect marine bryozoan faunas: repeated success of unilaminate species The American Naturalist, 128, 795-809.

Menon, N.R., (1972). Heat tolerance, growth and regeneration in three North Sea bryozoans exposed to different constant temperatures. Marine Biology, 15, 1-11.

Michel, W.C. & Case, J.F., (1984). Effects of a water-soluble petroleum fraction on the behaviour of the hydroid coelenterate Tubularia crocea. Marine Environmental Research, 13, 161-176.

Michel, W.C., Sanfilippo, K. & Case, J.F., (1986). Drilling mud evoked hydranth shedding in the hydroid Tubularia crocea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 17, 415-419.

Mohammad, M-B.M., (1974). Effect of chronic oil pollution on a polychaete. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 5, 21-24.

Moore, J., Smith, J. & Northen, K.O., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 8. Inlets in the western English Channel: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Olenin, S., Daunys, D. & Dauniene, E., (2000). Baltic Sea alien species database. [On-line], 2002-03-28 00:00:00

Rainbow, P.S., (1987). Heavy metals in barnacles. In Barnacle biology. Crustacean issues 5 (ed. A.J. Southward), 405-417. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Ringelband, U., (2001). Salinity dependence of vanadium toxicity against the brackish water hydroid Cordylophora caspia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 48, 18-26.

Roos, P.J., (1979). Two-stage life cycle of a Cordylophora population in the Netherlands. Hydrobiologia, 62, 231-239.

Ryland, J.S., (1970). Bryozoans. London: Hutchinson University Library.

Ryland, J.S., (1976). Physiology and ecology of marine bryozoans. Advances in Marine Biology, 14, 285-443.

Sagasti, A., Schaffner, L.C. & Duffy, J.E., (2000). Epifaunal communities thrive in an estuary with hypoxic episodes. Estuaries, 23, 474-487.

Sandrock, S., Scharf, E-M., von Oertzen, J.A., (1991). Short-term changes in settlement of micro- and macro-fouling organisms in brackish waters. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 21(Suppl.), 221-235.

Sebens, K.P., (1986). Spatial relationships among encrusting marine organisms in the New England subtidal zone. Ecological Monographs, 56, 73-96.

Sebens, K.P., (1985). Community ecology of vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine: small-scale processes and alternative community states. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 346-371. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Soule, D.F. & Soule, J.D., (1979). Bryozoa (Ectoprocta). In Pollution ecology of estuarine invertebrates (ed. C.W. Hart & S.L.H. Fuller), pp. 35-76.

Standing, J.D., (1976). Fouling community structure: effect of the hydroid Obelia dichotoma on larval recruitment. In Coelenterate ecology and behaviour (ed. G.O. Mackie), pp. 155-164. New York: Plenum Press.

Todd, C.D. & Turner, S.J., (1988). Ecology of intertidal and sublittoral cryptic epifaunal assemblages. II. Non-lethal overgrowth of encrusting bryozoans by colonial ascidians. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 115, 113-126.

Winston, J.E., (1977). Feeding in marine bryozoans. In Biology of Bryozoans (ed. R.M. Woollacott & R.L. Zimmer), pp. 233-271.