Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Abelson, A., Weihs, D. & Loya, Y., (1994). Hydrodynamic impediments to settlement of marine propagules, and adhesive-filament solutions. Limnology and Oceanography, 39, 164-169.

Axelsson, B. & Axelsson, L., (1987). A rapid and reliable method to quantify environmental effects on Laminaria based on measurements of ion leakage. Botanica Marina, 30, 55-61.

Barthel, D. & Wolfrath, B., (1989). Tissue sloughing in the sponge Halichondria panicea: a fouling organism prevents being fouled. Oecologia, 78, 357-360.

Barthel, D., (1988). On the ecophysiology of the sponge Halichondria panicea in Kiel Bight. II. Biomass, production, energy budget and integration in environmental processes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 43, 87-93.

Beaver, R. & Dipper, F.A., (2002). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 14. Sealochs in the Outer Hebrides: Area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Birkett, D.A., Maggs, C.A., Dring, M.J. & Boaden, P.J.S., (1998b). Infralittoral reef biotopes with kelp species: an overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared by Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, vol V.).,

Bokn, T., (1985). Effects of diesel oil on commercial benthic algae in Norway. In Proceedings of 1985 Oil Spill Conference, (ed. American Petroleum Institute), pp. 491-496. Washington, D.C.: American Petroleum Institute.

Boney, A.D., (1971). Sub-lethal effects of mercury on marine algae. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2, 69-71.

Brazier, D.P., Holt, R.H.F., Murray, E. & Nichols, D.M., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 10. Cardigan Bay and North Wales: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bryan, G.W., (1969). The absorption of zinc and other metals by the brown seaweed Laminaria digitata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 49, 225-243.

Chamberlain, Y.M., (1996). Lithophylloid Corallinaceae (Rhodophycota) of the genera Lithophyllum and Titausderma from southern Africa. Phycologia, 35, 204-221.

Chapman, A.R.O., (1981). Stability of sea urchin dominated barren grounds following destructive grazing of kelp in St. Margaret's Bay, Eastern Canada. Marine Biology, 62, 307-311.

Christie, H., Fredriksen, S. & Rinde, E., (1998). Regrowth of kelp and colonization of epiphyte and fauna community after kelp trawling at the coast of Norway. Hydrobiologia, 375/376, 49-58.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crump, R.G., Morley, H.S., & Williams, A.D., (1999). West Angle Bay, a case study. Littoral monitoring of permanent quadrats before and after the Sea Empress oil spill. Field Studies, 9, 497-511.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Davison, I.R., Andrews, M. & Stewart, W.D.P., (1984). Regulation of growth in Laminaria digitata: use of in-vivo nitrate reductase activities as an indicator of nitrogen limitation in field populations of Laminaria spp. Marine Biology, 84, 207-217.

Dring, M.J. & Brown, F.A., (1982). Photosynthesis of intertidal brown algae during and after periods of emersion: a renewed search for physiological causes of zonation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 8, 301-308.

Duggins, D.O., Eckman, J.E. & Sewell, A.T., (1990). Ecology of understory kelp environments. II. Effects of kelps on recruitment of benthic invertebrates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 143, 27-45.

Eckman, J.E. & Duggins, D.O., (1991). Life and death beneath macrophyte canopies: effects of understory kelps on growth rates and survival of marine, benthic suspension feeders. Oecologia, 87, 473-487.

Eckman, J.E. & Duggins, D.O., (1993). Effects of flow speed on growth of benthic suspension feeders. Biological Bulletin, 185, 28-41.

Eckman, J.E., Duggins, D.O., Sewell, A.T., (1989). Ecology of understory kelp environments. I. Effects of kelps on flow and particle transport near the bottom. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 129, 173-187.

Edyvean, R.G.J. & Ford, H., (1984). Population biology of the crustose red alga Lithophyllum incrustans Phil. 3. The effects of local environmental variables. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 23, 365-374.

Ewers, R., Kasperk, C. & Simmons, B., (1987). Biologishes Knochenimplantat aus Meeresalgen. Zahnaerztliche Praxis, 38, 318-320.

Gayral, P. & Cosson, J., (1973). Exposé synoptique des données biologiques sur la laminaire digitée Laminaria digitata. Synopsis FAO sur les pêches, no. 89.

Hawkins, S.J. & Harkin, E., (1985). Preliminary canopy removal experiments in algal dominated communities low on the shore and in the shallow subtidal on the Isle of Man. Botanica Marina, 28, 223-30.

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Irvine, L. M. & Chamberlain, Y. M., (1994). Seaweeds of the British Isles, vol. 1. Rhodophyta, Part 2B Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Jones, L.A., Hiscock, K. & Connor, D.W., (2000). Marine habitat reviews. A summary of ecological requirements and sensitivity characteristics for the conservation and management of marine SACs. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. (UK Marine SACs Project report.).,

Kain, J.M., (1979). A view of the genus Laminaria. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 17, 101-161.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., & Norton, T.A., (1990). Marine Ecology. In Biology of the Red Algae, (ed. K.M. Cole & Sheath, R.G.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kindig, A.C., & Littler, M.M., (1980). Growth and primary productivity of marine macrophytes exposed to domestic sewage effluents. Marine Environmental Research, 3, 81-100.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1972). Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters,Vol.1, Environmental Factors, part 3. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1971a). Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters. Vol. 1 Environmental Factors, Part 2. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Lüning, K., (1984). Temperature tolerance and biogeography of seaweeds: the marine algal flora of Helgoland (North Sea) as an example. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 38, 305-317.

Lüning, K., (1990). Seaweeds. Their environment, biogeography and ecophysiology. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Littler, M.M., & Kauker, B.J., (1984). Heterotrichy and survival strategies in the red alga Corallina officinalis L. Botanica Marina, 27, 37-44.

Markham, J.W. & Munda, I.M., (1980). Algal recolonisation in the rocky eulittoral at Helgoland, Germany. Aquatic Botany, 9, 33-71.

Morgan, K.C., Shacklock, P.F. & Simpson, F.J., (1980). Some aspects of the culture of Palmaria palmata in greenhouse tanks. Botanica Marina, 23, 765-770.

O' Connor, R.J., Seed, R. & Boaden, P.J.S., (1979). Effects of environment and plant characteristics on the distribution of Bryozoa in a Fucus serratus L. community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 38, 151-178.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Peckol, P., Levings, S.C. & Garrity, S.D., (1990). Kelp response following the World Prodigy oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 21, 473-476.

Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin.,

Read, P.A., Anderson, K.J., Matthews, J.E., Watson, P.G., Halliday, M.C. & Shiells, G.M., (1983). Effects of pollution on the benthos of the Firth of Forth. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 14, 12-16.

Robbins, J.V., (1978). Effects of physical and chemical factors on photosynthetic and respiratory rates of Palmaria palmata (Florideophyceae), In Proceedings of the ninth International Seaweed Symposium, Santa Barbara, California, USA, 20-27 August 1977, (ed. Jensen, A. & Stein, J.R.), 273-283. Science Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.

Robins, M.W., (1968). The ecology of Alcyonium species in the Scilly Isles. Report of the Underwater Association, 3, 67-71

Ryland, J.S. & Hayward, P.J. (1977). British anascan bryozoans. London: Academic Press. Synopses of the British Fauna no. 10.

Sebens, K.P., (1986). Spatial relationships among encrusting marine organisms in the New England subtidal zone. Ecological Monographs, 56, 73-96.

Seed, R., O'Connor, R.J. & Boaden, P.J.S., (1983). The spatial niche of Dynamena pumila (L.) and Gonothyraea loveni (Allman) (Hydrozoa) within a Fucus serratus L. community. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 24, 391-419.

SEEEC (Sea Empress Environmental Evaluation Committee), (1998). The environmental impact of the Sea Empress oil spill. Final Report of the Sea Empress Environmental Evaluation Committee, 135 pp., London: HMSO.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Southward, A.J. & Southward, E.C., (1978). Recolonisation of rocky shores in Cornwall after use of toxic dispersants to clean up the Torrey Canyon spill. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 35, 682-706.

Sundene, O., (1964). The ecology of Laminaria digitata in Norway in view of transplant experiments. Nytt Magasin for Botanik, 11, 83-107.

Thomas, J.G., (1940). Pomatoceros, Sabella and Amphitrite. LMBC Memoirs on typical British marine plants and animals no.33. University Press of Liverpool

Todd, C.D. & Lewis, J.R., (1984). Effects of low air-temperature on Laminaria digitata in Southwestern Scotland. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 16, 199-201.

Turner, S.J. & Todd, C.D., (1991). The effects of Gibbula cineraria (L.), Nucella lapillus (L.) and Asterias rubens L. on developing epifaunal assemblages. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 154, 191-213.

van der Meer, J.P. & Chen, C-M., (1979). Evidence for sexual reproduction in the red algae Palmaria palmata and Halosaccion ramentaceum.