Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Anonymous, (1999iv). Lophelia pertusa reefs. In UK Biodiversity Group. Tranche 2 Action Plans. English Nature for the UK Biodiversity Group, Peterborough., English Nature for the UK Biodiversity Group, Peterborough.,

Bell, N. & Smith, J., (1999). Coral growing on North Sea oil rigs. Nature, 402, 601.

Besten, P.J. den, Donselaar, E.G. van, Herwig, H.J., Zandee, D.I. & Voogt, P.A., (1991). Effects of cadmium on gametogenesis in the seastar Asterias rubens L. Aquatic Toxicology, 20, 83-94.

Besten, P.J. den, Herwig, H.J., Zandee, D.I. & Voogt, P.A., (1989). Effects of Cd and PCBs on reproduction in the starfish Asterias rubens: aberrations in early development. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 18, 173-180.

Bett, B.J., (2001). UK Atlantic Margin environmental survey: introduction and overview of bathyal benthic ecology. Continental Shelf Research, 21, 917-956.

Bett, B.J., (2000). Benthic survey of the Faeroe-Shetland Channel. [CD-ROM] AFEN (2000) Atlantic margin environmental surveys of the seafloor 1996 and 1998. United Kingdom Offshore Operators Association.

Boero, F., (1984). The ecology of marine hydroids and effects of environmental factors: a review. Marine Ecology, 5, 93-118.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

De Forges, B.F., Koslow, J.A. & Poore, G.C.B., (2000). Diversity and endemism of the benthic seamount fauna in the southwest Pacific. Nature, 405, 944-947.

de Mol, B., Van Rensbergen, P., Pillen, S., Van Herreweghe, K., Van Rooij, D., McDonnell, A., Huvenne, V., Ivanov, M., Swennen, R. & Henriet, J.P., (2002). Large deep-water coral banks in the Porcupine Basin, southwest of Ireland. Marine Geology, 188, 193-231.

Draper, L., (1967). Wave activity at the sea bed around northwestern Europe. Marine Geology, 5, 133-140.

Fosså, J.H., (2003). Coral reefs in Norway. [On-line], 2003-03-27 00:00:00

Fosså, J.H., Mortensen, P.B. & Furevik, D.M., (2002). The deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa in Norwegian waters: distribution and fishery impacts. Hydrobiologia, 471, 1-12.

Frederiksen, R., Jensen, A. & Westerberg, H., (1992). The distribution of the Scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa around the Faroe Islands and the relation to internal tidal mixing. Sarsia, 77, 157-171.

Freiwald, A., (1998). Geobiology of Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) reefs in the North Atlantic. , Habilitation Thesis. Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Universität Bremen, Bremen, 116 pp.

Freiwald, A., Henrich, R. & Pätzold, J., (1997). Anatomy of a deep-water coral reef mound from Stjernsund, West Finmark, North Norway. In Cool-water carbonates (ed. N.P. James & J.A.O., Clarke), pp. 141-162. [Society for Sedimentary Geology, Special Volume, no. 56.]

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Gommez, J.L.C. & Miguez-Rodriguez, L.J., (1999). Effects of oil pollution on skeleton and tissues of Echinus esculentus L. 1758 (Echinodermata, Echinoidea) in a population of A Coruna Bay, Galicia, Spain. In Echinoderm Research 1998. Proceedings of the Fifth European Conference on Echinoderms, Milan, 7-12 September 1998, (ed. M.D.C. Carnevali & F. Bonasoro) pp. 439-447. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Grehan, A.J., Unnithan, V., Olu-Le Roy, K. & Opderbecke, J., (2003). Fishing impacts on Irish deep-water coral reefs: making the case for coral conservation. In press

Gubbay, S., Baker, C.M. & Bett, B.J., (2002). The Darwin Mounds and Dogger Bank. Case studies of the management of two potential Special Areas of Conservation in the offshore environment. A report to WWF-UK., 72 pp.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Allain, V. & Fosså, J.H., (2002). Trawling damage to Northeast Atlantic ancient coral reefs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 269, 507-511.

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Hovland, M. & Mortensen, P.B., (1999). Norske korallrev og prosesser i havbunnen. Bergen: John Grieg forlag.

Hovland, M. & Thomsen, E., (1997). Cold-water corals - are they hydrocarbon seep related? Marine Geology, 137, 159-164.

Hovland, M., Mortensen, P., Brattegard, P., Strass, T. & Kokeongen, K., (1998). Ahermatypic coral banks off Mid-Norway: evidence for a link with seepage of light hydrocarbons. Palaios, 13, 189-200.

ICES, (2002). Study group on mapping the occurrence of cold water corals. Interim Report. Report to the Advisory Committee on Ecosystems of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), ICES CM 2002/ACE:05 Ref: E, WGECO.

Jensen, A. & Frederiksen, R., (1992). The fauna associated with the bank-forming deepwater coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinaria) on the Faroe Shelf. Sarsia, 77, 53-69.

Johnston, C. & Tasker, M., (2002). Darwin Mounds proposed Special Area of Conservation. [On-line], 2003-01-29 00:00:00

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1984). Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters.Vol. V. Ocean Management Part 3: Pollution and Protection of the Seas - Radioactive Materials, Heavy Metals and Oil. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Koslow, J.A., Gowlett-Holmes, K., Lowry, J.K., O'Hara, T., Poore, G.C.B. & Williams, A., (2001). Seamount benthic macrofauna off southern Tasmania: community structure and impacts of trawling. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 213, 111-125.

Le Goff-Vitry, M. & Rogers, A.D., (2002). Population structure of deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa in the north east Atlantic seen through microsatellites. In Proceedings of the International Society for Reef Studies, European Meeting, Cambridge, 4-7 September 2002, abstract of oral presentation.

Loya, Y. & Rinkevich, B., (1980). Effects of oil pollution on coral reef communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 3, 167-180.

Masson, D.G., Bett, B.J., Billet, D.S.M., Jacobs, C.L., Wheeler, A.J. & Wynn, R.B., (2003). The origin of deep-water, coral topped mounds in the northern Rockall Trough, Northeast Atlantic. Marine Geology, 194, 159-180.

Mikkelsen, N., Erlenkauser, H., Killingley, J.S. & Berger, W.H., (1982). Norwegian corals: radiocarbon and stable isotopes in Lophelia pertusa. Boreas, 5, 163-171.

Mortensen, P.B. & Rapp, H.T., (1998). Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios related to growth line patterns in skeletons of Lophelia pertusa (L) (Anthozoa, Scleractinia): Implication for determination of linear extension rates. Sarsia, 83, 433-446.

Mortensen, P.B., (2001). Aquarium observations on the deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa (L., 1758) (Scleractinia) and selected associated invertebrates. Ophelia, 54, 84-104.

Mortensen, P.M., Hovland, M.T., Fosså, J.H. & Furevik, D.M., (2001). Distribution, abundance and size of Lophelia pertusa coral reefs in mid-Norway in relation to seabed characteristics. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81, 581-597.

Olsgard, F. & Gray, J.S., (1995). A comprehensive analysis of the effects of offshore oil and gas exploration and production on the benthic communities of the Norwegian continental shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 122, 277-306.

Rees, H.L., Waldock, R., Matthiessen, P. & Pendle, M.A., (2001). Improvements in the epifauna of the Crouch estuary (United Kingdom) following a decline in TBT concentrations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 137-144.

Reigl, B., (1995). Effects of sand deposition on scleractinian and alcyonacean corals. Marine Biology, 121, 517-526.

Richmond, R.H., (1997). Reproduction and recruitment in corals: critical links in the persistence of reefs. In Life and death of coral reefs (ed. C. Birkeland), pp. 175-197. New York: Chapman & Hall.

Ringelband, U., (2001). Salinity dependence of vanadium toxicity against the brackish water hydroid Cordylophora caspia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 48, 18-26.

Roberts, J.M. & Anderson, R., (2003). Laboratory studies of Lophelia pertusa - preliminary studies of polyp behaviour. [On-line], 2003-01-29 00:00:00

Roberts, J.M. & Anderson, R.M., (2002). A new laboratory method for monitoring deep-water coral polyp behaviour. Hydrobiologia, 471, 143-148.

Roberts, J.M., (2002a). The occurrence of the coral Lophelia pertusa and other conspicuous epifauna around an oil platform in the North Sea. Journal for the Society for Underwater Technology, 25, 83-91.

Roberts, J.M., (2002b). Cold water coral, Lophelia pertusa. [On-line], 2003-01-28 00:00:00

Roberts, J.M., Long, D., Wilson, J.B., Mortensen, P.B. & Gage, J.D., (2003). The cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) and enigmatic seabed mounds along the north-east Atlantic margin: are they related? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 7-20.

Rogers, A.D., (1999). The biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) and other deep-water reef-forming corals and impacts from human activities. International Review of Hydrobiology, 84, 315-406.

Rokoengen, K. & Østma, S.R., (1985). Shallow geology off Fedje western Norway. IKU Report, no. 24.1459/01/85.

Ryland, J.S., (1967). Polyzoa. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 5, 343-369.

Sebens, K.P., (1986). Spatial relationships among encrusting marine organisms in the New England subtidal zone. Ecological Monographs, 56, 73-96.

Sebens, K.P., (1985). Community ecology of vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine: small-scale processes and alternative community states. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 346-371. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.

Shelton, G.A.B., (1980). Lophelia pertusa (L.): electrical conduction and behaviour in a deep-water coral. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 60, 517-528.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Soule, D.F. & Soule, J.D., (1979). Bryozoa (Ectoprocta). In Pollution ecology of estuarine invertebrates (ed. C.W. Hart & S.L.H. Fuller), pp. 35-76.

Squires, D.F., (1964). Fossil coral thickets in Wairarapa, New Zealand. Journal of Palaeontology, 38, 904-915.

Vella, G., Rushforth, I., Mason, E., Hough, A., England, R., Styles, P, Holt, T & Thorne, P., (2001). Assessment of the effects of noise and vibration from offshore windfarms on marine wildlife. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) contract report, ETSU W/13/00566/REP. Liverpool: University of Liverpool., Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) contract report, ETSU W/13/00566/REP. Liverpool: University of Liverpool.

Wilson, J.B., (1979a). The distribution of the coral Lophelia pertusa (L.) [L. prolifera (Pallas)] in the North-east Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 149-164.

Wilson, J.B., (1979b). 'Patch' development of the deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa (L.) on Rockall Bank. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 165-177.

Zibrowius, H., (1980). Les scleractiniaires de la Mediterranee et de l'Atlantique nord oriental. Memoires de l'Institut Oceanograhique, Monaco. 11, 391 pp.