Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Able, K.W. & Hagan, S.M., (2000). Effects of common reed (Phragmites australis) invasion on marsh surface macrofauna: response of fishes and decapod crustaceans. Estuaries, 23, 633-646.

Amsberry, L. Baker, M.A., Ewanchuk, P.J. & Bertness, M.D., (2000). Clonal integration and the expansion of Phragmites australis. Ecological Applications, 10, 1110-1118.

Arnold, S.L. & Ormerod, S.J., (1997). Aquatic invertebrates and environmental gradients in Phragmites reed swamps: implications for conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 7, 153-163.

Bamber, R.N., Gilliland, P.M. & Shardlow, M.E.A., (2001). Saline lagoons: a guide to their management and creation (interim version). Peterborough: English Nature.

Bertness, M.D., Ewanchuk, P.J., & Silliman, B.R., (2002). Anthropogenic modification of New England salt marsh landscapes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 99, 1395-1398.

Boar, R.R., (1992). Factors which affect the growth of Phragmites australis. In Reedbeds for wildlife (ed. D. Ward), pp. 21-30. Sandy, Bedfordshire: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) / University of Bristol.

Boström, C. & Bonsdorff, E., (2000). Zoobenthic community establishment and habitat complexity - the importance of seagrass shoot density, morphology and physical disturbance for faunal recruitment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205, 123-138.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.], http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Cowie, N.R., Sutherland, W.J., Ditlhogo, M.K.M. & James, R., (1992). The effects of conservation management of reed beds. II. The flora and litter disappearance. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 277-284.

Cunha, M.R. & Moreira, M.H., (1995). Macrobenthos of Potamogeton and Myriophyllum beds in the upper reaches of Canal de Mira (Ria de Aveiro, NW Portugal): community structure and environmental factors. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology, 29, 377-390.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Ditlhogo, M.K.M., James, R., Laurence, B.R. & Sutherland, W.J., (1992). The effects of conservation management of reed beds. I. The invertebrates. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 265-276.

Drake, M., (1998). The important habitats and characteristic rare invertebrates of lowland wet grassland in England. In European wet grasslands: biodiversity, management and restoration (ed. C.B. Joyce & P.M. Wade), pp. 137-149. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

EUREED, (1999). EUREED Bibliography of Phragmites literature. http://botanik.aau.dk/eureed/littbase.htm, 2002-09-18 00:00:00

FishBase, (2000). FishBase. A global information system on fishes. [On-line] http://www.fishbase.org, 2001-05-03 00:00:00

Fojt, W. & Foster, A., (1992). Reedbeds, their wildlife and requirements. Botanical and invertebrate aspects of reedbeds, their ecological requirements and conservation significance. In Reedbeds for wildlife (ed. D. Ward), pp. 49-56. Sandy, Bedfordshire: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) / University of Bristol.

Fuller, R.J., (1982). Bird habitats in Britain. Calton, Staffordshire: T. & A.D. Poyser.

Goss-Custard, J.D. & Verboven, N., (1993). Disturbance and feeding shorebirds on the Exe estuary. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68 (special issue).

Haslam, S.M., (1978). River plants: the macrophytic vegetation of watercourses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haslam, S.M., (1972). Biological flora of the British Isles. Phragmites communis Trin. Journal of Ecology, 60, 585-610.

Hawke, C.J. & José, P.V., (1996). Reedbed management for commercial and wildlife interests. Sandy, Bedfordshire: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB).

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (1998). Cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 10. (2nd edition)]

Hellings, S.E. & Gallagher, J.L., (1992). The effects of salinity and flooding on Phragmites australis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 41-49.

Hudson, D., (1992). The ecological and commercial potential of reedbed treatment systems. In Reedbeds for wildlife (ed. D. Ward,), pp. 37-41. Sandy, Bedfordshire: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) / University of Bristol.

Ingram, M.A.P., Barclay, A.M., Coupar, A.M., Glover, J.G., Lynch, B.M. & Sprent, J.I., (1980). Phragmites performance in reed beds in the Tay Estuary. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 78B, s89-s107.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid,

Lee, S.Y., (1990). Net aerial productivity, litter production and decomposition of the reed Phragmites communis in a nature reserve in Hong Kong: management implications. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 66, 161-173.

Müller, U., (1999). The vertical zonation of adpressed diatoms and other epiphytic algae on Phragmites australis. European Journal of Phycology, 34, 487-496.

Madsen, J., (1988). Autumn feeding ecology of herbivorous wildfowl in the Danish Wadden Sea and impact of food supplies and shooting on migration. Danish Review of Game Biology, 13, 1-32.

Mook, J.H. & van der Toorn, J., (1982). The influence of environmental factors and management on stands of Phragmites australis. II. Effects on yield and its relationship with shoot density. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 501-511.

Percival, S.M. & Evans, P.R., (1997). Brent geese (Branta bernicla) and Zostera; factors affecting the exploitation of a seasonally declining food resource. Ibis, 139, 121-128.

Ranwell, D.S., (1972). Ecology of saltmarshes and sand dunes. London: Chapman & Hall Ltd.

Rodwell, J.S. (ed.), (2000). British plant communities, vol. 5, Maritime communities and vegetation of open habitats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rodwell, J.S. (ed.), (1995). British plant communities, vol. 4. Aquatic communities, swamps and tall-herb fens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sandrock, S., Scharf, E-M., von Oertzen, J.A., (1991). Short-term changes in settlement of micro- and macro-fouling organisms in brackish waters. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 21(Suppl.), 221-235.

Smit, C.J. & Visser, G.J.M., (1993). Effects of disturbance on shorebirds: a summary of existing knowledge from the Dutch Wadden Sea and Delta area. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68 (special issue).

Tscharntke, T., (1992). Fragmentation of Phragmites habitats, minimum viable population size, habitat suitability, and local extinction of moths, midges, flies, aphids and birds. Conservation Biology, 6, 530-536.

Tscharntke, T., (1999). Insects on the common reed (Phragmites australis): community structure and the impact of herbivory on shoot growth. Aquatic Botany, 64, 399-410.

Tyler, G., (1992). Requirements of birds in reedbeds. In Reedbeds for wildlife (ed. D. Ward), pp. 57-62. Sandy, Bedfordshire: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) / University of Bristol.

van der Toorn, J. & Mook, J.H., (1982). The influence of environmental factors and management on stands of Phragmites australis. I. Effects of burning, frost and insect damage on shoot density and shoot size. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 477-499.

van Vierssen, W. & Verhoeven, J.T.A., (1983). Plant and animal communities in brackish supra-littoral pools ('dobben') in the northern part of the Netherlands. Hydrobiologia, 98, 203-221.

Verhoeven, J.T.A. & van Vierssen, W., (1978). Distribution and structure of communities dominated by Ruppia, Zostera and Potamogeton species in the inland waters of 'De Bol', Texel, The Netherlands. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 6, 417-428.

Verhoeven, J.T.A., (1980a). The ecology of Ruppia-dominated communities in western Europe. II. Synecological classification. Structure and dynamics of the macroflora and macrofaunal communities. Aquatic Botany, 8, 1-85.

Wainright, S.C., Weinstein, M.P., Able, K.W. & Currin, C.A., (2000). Relative importance of benthic microalgae, phytoplankton and the detritus of smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora and the common reed Phragmites australis to brackish-marsh food webs. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 200, 77-91.

Ward, D. (ed.), (1992). Reedbeds for Wildlife. Sandy, Bedfordshire: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the University of Bristol.

Warren, R.S., Fel, P.A., Grimsby, J.L., Buck, E.L., Rilling, G.C. & Fertik, R.A., (2001). Rates, patterns, and impacts of Phragmites australis expansion and effects of experimental Phragmites control on vegetation, macroinvertebrates, and fish with tidelands of the lower Connecticut river. Estuaries, 24, 90-107.

Windham, L., Weiss, J.S. & Weiss, P., (2001). Lead uptake, distribution and effects in two dominant salt marsh macrophytes, Spartina alterniflora (cordgrass) and Phragmites australis (common reed). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 811-816.