Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Anonymous, (1999iii). UK Biodiversity Group: tranche 2 action plans: volume V- maritime species and habitats. , English Nature, Peterborough, UK.

Austin, A.P., (1960a). Life history and reproduction of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lamouroux. Annals of Botany, New Series, 24, 257-274.

Austin, A.P., (1960b). Observations on the growth, fruiting and longevity of Furcellaria fastigiata (L.) Lamouroux. Hydrobiologia, 15, 193-207.

Bakus, G.J., (1968). Sedimentation and benthic invertebrates of Fanning Island, Central Pacific. Marine Geology, 6, 45-51.

Barnes, R.S.K. & Hughes, R.N., (1992). An introduction to marine ecology. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Barton, E.S., (1901). On certain galls in Furcellaria and Chondrus. Journal of Botany, 39, 49-51.

Bird, C.J., Saunders, G.W. & McLachlan, J., (1991). Biology of Furcellaria lumbricalis (Hudson) Lamouroux (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales), a commercial carrageenophyte. Journal of Applied Phycology, 3, 61-82.

Bird, N.L., Chen, L.C.-M. & McLachlan, J., (1979). Effects of temperature, light and salinity of growth in culture of Chondrus crispus, Furcellaria lumbricalis, Gracilaria tikvahiae (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), and Fucus serratus (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Botanica Marina, 22, 521-527.

Blunden, G., Smith, B.E. & Cary, P.D., (1989). Trans-4-hydroxy-beta-prolinebetaine, a new betaine from Furcellaria lumbricalis. Journal of Applied Phycology, 1, 1-4.

Boney, A.D., (1971). Sub-lethal effects of mercury on marine algae. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2, 69-71.

Brunetti, R., (1987). Species of Clavelina in the Mediterranean Sea. Annales de l'Institut Oceanographique, Paris, 63, 101-118.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crump, R.G., Morley, H.S., & Williams, A.D., (1999). West Angle Bay, a case study. Littoral monitoring of permanent quadrats before and after the Sea Empress oil spill. Field Studies, 9, 497-511.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M., (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1 Rhodophyta. Part 1 Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. London: British Museum (Natural History) London.

Fiana-Medioni, A., (1978). A scanning electron microscope study of the branchial sac of benthic filter-feeding invertebrates (ascidians). Acta Zoologica, 59, 1, 1-9.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fletcher, R.L. & Callow, M.E., (1992). The settlement, attachment and establishment of marine algal spores. British Phycological Journal, 27, 303-329.

Gessner, G & Schramm, W., (1971). Salinity - plants. In Marine Ecology. Volume 1. Environmental Factors (2), 705-820 (ed. O. Kinne). Wiley-Interscience, London.

Guiry, M.D. & Blunden, G., (1991). Seaweed Resources in Europe: Uses and Potential. Chicester: John Wiley & Sons.

Hawkins, S.J. & Harkin, E., (1985). Preliminary canopy removal experiments in algal dominated communities low on the shore and in the shallow subtidal on the Isle of Man. Botanica Marina, 28, 223-30.

Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. (1996). Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Hiscock, K., ed. (1998). Marine Nature Conservation Review. Benthic marine ecosystems of Great Britain and the north-east Atlantic. Peterborough, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Hopkin, R. & Kain, J.M., (1978). The effects of some pollutants on the survival, growth and respiration of Laminaria hyperborea. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 7, 531-553.

Indergaard, M., Oestgaard, K., Jensen, A. & Stoeren, O., (1986). Growth studies of macroalgae in a microcomputer-assisted spray cultivation system. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 98, 199-213.

Jansson, M. & Kautsky, M., (1976). Quantitative survey of hard bottom communities in a Baltic archipelago. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, 5-11 October, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O. Ceidigh & Boaden, P.J.S.), pp. 359-366.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Johansson ,G., Eriksson, B.K., Pedersen, M. & Snoeijs, P., (1998). Long term changes of macroalgal vegetation in the Skagerrak area. Hydrobiologia, 385, 121-138.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kautsky, H., (1992). The impact of pulp-mill effluents on phytobenthic communities in the Baltic Sea. Ambio, 21, 308-313.

Kautsky, N., Kautsky, H., Kautsky, U. & Waern, M., (1986). Decreased depth penetration of Fucus vesiculosus (L.) since the 1940s indicates eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 28, 1-8.

Lewis, J.R., (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

Lubchenco, J. & Menge, B.A., (1978). Community development and persistence in a low rocky intertidal zone. Ecological Monographs, 48, 67-94.

Millar, R.H., (1970). British Ascidians London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 1.]

Naranjo, S.A., Carballo, J.L., & Garcia-Gomez, J.C., (1996). Effects of environmental stress on ascidian populations in Algeciras Bay (southern Spain). Possible marine bioindicators? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 144, 119-131.

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

Novaczek, I. & Breeman, A.M., (1990). Thermal ecotypes of amphi-Atlantic algae. 2. Cold-temperate species (Furcellaria lumbricalis and Polyides rotundus). Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 44, 475-485.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin.,

Plinski, M. & Florczyk, I., (1984). Changes in the phytobenthos resulting from the eutrophication of Puck Bay. Limnologica, 15, 325-327.

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., (1999). Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Schwenke, H., (1971). Water movement: 2. Plants. In Marine Ecology. Volume 1. Environmental Factors (2), 705-820 (ed. O. Kinne). Wiley-Interscience, London.

Sharp, G.J., Tetu, C., Semple, R. & Jones, D., (1993). Recent changes in the seaweed community of western Prince Edward Island: implications for the seaweed industry. Hydrobiologia, 260-261, 291-296.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

Vidaver, W., (1972). Dissolved gases - plants. In Marine Ecology. Volume 1. Environmental factors (3), (ed. O. Kinne), 1471-1490. Wiley-Interscience, London.

Vogt, H. & Schramm, W., (1991). Conspicuous decline of Fucus in Kiel Bay (Western Baltic): what are the causes ? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 69, 189-194.

Wallentinus, I., (1978). Productivity studies on Baltic macroalgae. Botanica Marina, 21, 365-380.