Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Asmus, H. & Asmus, R., (2000a). ECSA - Workshop on intertidal seagrass beds and algal mats: organisms and fluxes at the ecosystem level. (Editorial). Helgoland Marine Research, 54, 53-54.

Asmus, H. & Asmus, R., (2000b). Material exchange and food web of seagrasses beds in the Sylt-Rømø Bight: how significant are community changes at the ecosystem level? Helgoland Marine Research, 54, 137-150.

Bentley, M.G. & Pacey, A.A., (1989). A scanning electron microscopial study of sperm development and activation in Arenicola marina L. (Annelida: Polychaeta). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 15, 211-219.

Bester, K., (2000). The effects of pesticides on seagrass beds. Helgoland Marine Research, 54, 95-98.

Brown, R.A., (1990). Strangford Lough. The wildlife of an Irish sea lough. The Institute of Irish Studies, Queens University of Belfast.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Buchsbaum, R.N., Short, F.T. & Cheney, D.P., (1990). Phenolic-nitrogen interactions in eelgrass Zostera marina: possible implications for disease resistance. Aquatic Botany, 37, 291-297.

Burkholder, J.M., Mason, K.M. & Glasgow, H.B. Jr., (1992). Water-column nitrate enrichment promotes decline of eelgrass Zostera marina: evidence from seasonal mesocosm experiments. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 81, 163-178.

Burton, P.J.K., (1961). The Brent goose and its winter food supply in Essex. Wildfowl, 12, 104-112.

Butcher, R.W., (1941). Zostera: report on the present conditions of eelgrass on the coasts of England, based on a survey during August to October, 1933. The International Wildfowl Inquiry, 1, 49-65.

Clay, E., (1967a). Literature survey of the common fauna of estuaries, 2. Arenicola marina Linnaeus. Imperial Chemical Industries Limited, Brixham Laboratory, PVM45/A/395.

Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O., (1997b). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 229, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report No. 230, Version 97.06.

Covey, R. & Hocking, S., (1987). Helford River Survey. Report for the Heinz, Guardians of the Countryside and World Wide Fund for Nature, 121 pp.

Cox, J., (1991). Dredging for the American hard-shell clam - implications for nature conservation. Ecosystems. A Review of Conservation, 12, 50-54.

Dankers, N. & de Vlas, J., (1992). Multifunctioneel beheer in de Waddenzee, integratie van natuurbeheer en schelpdiervisserij. Institute for Forestry and Nature Research, RIN Report, no. 92/15, 18pp.

Dauvin, J.C., Bellan, G., Bellan-Santini, D., Castric, A., Francour, P., Gentil, F., Girard, A., Gofas, S., Mahe, C., Noel, P., & Reviers, B. de., (1994). Typologie des ZNIEFF-Mer. Liste des parametres et des biocoenoses des cotes francaises metropolitaines. 2nd ed. Secretariat Faune-Flore, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Collection Patrimoines Naturels, Serie Patrimoine Ecologique, No. 12). Coll. Patrimoines Naturels, vol. 12, Secretariat Faune-Flore, Paris.

Davison, D.M. & Hughes, D.J., (1998). Zostera biotopes: An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs, Vol. 1. Scottish Association for Marine Science, (UK Marine SACs Project)., Scottish Association for Marine Science, (UK Marine SACs Project),Vol. 1., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine

Dawes, C.J. & Guiry, M.D., (1992). Proximate constituents in the seagrasses Zostera marina and Z. noltii in Ireland. Marine Ecology, 13, 307-315.

de Jonge, V.N.& de Jonge, D.J., (1992). Role of tide, light and fisheries in the decline of Zostera marina. Netherlands Institute of Sea Research Publications Series no. 20, pp. 161-176.

den Hartog, C., (1970). The sea-grasses of the world. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company.

den Hartog, C., (1994). Suffocation of a littoral Zostera bed by Enteromorpha radiata. Aquatic Botany, 47, 21-28.

den Hartog, C., (1987). "Wasting disease" another dynamic phenomena in Zostera beds. Aquatic Botany, 27, 3 -14.

Elliot, M., Nedwell, S., Jones, N.V., Read, S.J., Cutts, N.D. & Hemingway, K.L., (1998). Intertidal sand and mudflats & subtidal mobile sandbanks (Vol. II). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity for conservation management of marine SACs. Prepared by the Scottish Association for Marine Science for the UK Marine SACs Project.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fishman, J.R. & Orth, R.J., (1996). Effects of predation on Zostera marina L. seed abundance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 198, 11-26.

Fonseca, M.S., (1992). Restoring seagrass systems in the United States. In Restoring the Nation's Marine Environment (ed. G.W. Thayer), pp. 79 -110. Maryland: Maryland Sea Grant College.

Hawker, D., (1994). Solway Firth Zostera survey. Monitoring Report. , Scottish Natural Heritage, Aberdeen.

Hayward, P.J. (1994). Animals of sandy shores. Slough, England: The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd. [Naturalists' Handbook 21.]

Hiscock, S., (1987). A brief account of the algal flora of Zostera marina beds in the Isle of Scilly. In Sublittoral monitoring in the Isles of Scilly 1985 & 1986 (ed. R. Irving). Nature Conservancy Council, Peterborough.

Holden, P. & Baker, J.M., (1980). Dispersant-treated compared with untreated crude oil. Experiments with oil and dispersants on the seagrass Zostera noltii. Report to the Advisory Committee on Pollution of the Sea, Field Studies Council.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Hootsmans, M.J.M., Vermaat, J.E. & Vierssen, van W., (1987). Seed-bank development, germination and early seedling survival of two seagrass species from the Netherlands: Zostera marina L. and Zostera noltii Hornem. Aquatic Botany, 28, 275-285

Howard, S., Baker, J.M. & Hiscock, K., (1989). The effects of oil and dispersants on seagrasses in Milford Haven. In Ecological Impacts of the Oil Industry,(ed. B. Dicks), pp. 61-96. Chichester: John Wiel & Sons Ltd. for the Institute of Petroleum, London.

Howie, D.I.D., (1959). The spawning of Arenicola marina (L.). I. The breeding season. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 38, 395-406.

Hughes, R.G., Lloyd, D., Ball, L., Emson, D., (2000). The effects of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor on the distribution and transplantation success of Zostera noltii. Helgoland Marine Research, 54, 129-136.

Huxham, M., Raffaelli, D. & Pike, A.W., (1995). The effect of larval trematodes on the growth and burrowing behaviour of Hydrobia ulvae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) in the Ythan estuary, N.E. Scotland. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 185, 1-17.

Jackson, M.J. & James, R., (1979). The influence of bait digging on cockle Cerastoderma edule, populations in north Norfolk. Journal of Applied Ecology, 16, 671-679.

Jacobs, R.P.W.M., (1980). Effects of the Amoco Cadiz oil spill on the seagrass community at Roscoff with special reference to the benthic infauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2, 207-212.

Jones, L.A., Hiscock, K. & Connor, D.W., (2000). Marine habitat reviews. A summary of ecological requirements and sensitivity characteristics for the conservation and management of marine SACs. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. (UK Marine SACs Project report.)., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine

Katwijk van, M.M., Schmitz, G.H.W., Gasseling, A.P., & Avesaath van, P.H., (1999). Effects of salinity and nutrient load and their interaction on Zostera marina. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 190, 155-165.

Kuelan, van M., (1999). Human uses of seagrass. http://possum.murdoch.edu.au/~seagrass/seagrass_uses.html, 2000-01-01 00:00:00

Levell, D., (1976). The effect of Kuwait Crude Oil and the Dispersant BP 1100X on the lugworm, Arenicola marina L. In Proceedings of an Institute of Petroleum / Field Studies Council meeting, Aviemore, Scotland, 21-23 April 1975. Marine Ecology and Oil Pollution (ed. J.M. Baker), pp. 131-185. Barking, England: Applied Science Publishers Ltd.

Madsen, J., (1988). Autumn feeding ecology of herbivorous wildfowl in the Danish Wadden Sea and impact of food supplies and shooting on migration. Danish Review of Game Biology, 13, 1-32.

Marta, N., Cebrian, J., Enriquez, S. & Duarte, C.M., (1996). Growth patterns of western Mediterranean seagrasses: species specific responses to seasonal forcing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 133, 203-215.

Nacken, M. & Reise, K., (2000). Effects of herbivorous birds on intertidal seagrass beds in the northern Wadden Sea. Helgoland Marine Research, 54, 87-94.

Ogilvie, M.A., & Matthews, G.V.T., (1969). Brent geese, mudflats and man. Wildfowl, 20, 110-125.

Orth, R.J., (1992). A perspective on plant-animal interactions in seagrasses: physical and biological determinants influencing plant and animal abundance. In Plant-Animal Interactions in the Marine Benthos, Systematics Association Special Volume no. 46, (ed. D.M. John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 147-164. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Peralta, G., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L., Hernández, I. & Vergara, J.J., (2002). Effects of light availability on growth, architecture and nutrient content of the seagrass Zostera noltii Hornem. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 269, 9-26.

Percival, S.M. & Evans, P.R., (1997). Brent geese (Branta bernicla) and Zostera; factors affecting the exploitation of a seasonally declining food resource. Ibis, 139, 121-128.

Perkins, E.J., (1988). The impact of suction dredging upon the population of cockles Cerastoderma edule in Auchencairn Bay. Report to the Nature Conservancy Council, South-west Region, Scotland, no. NC 232 I).

Philippart, C.J.M, (1995a). Effect of periphyton grazing by Hydrobia ulvae on the growth of Zostera noltii on a tidal flat in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Marine Biology, 122, 431-437.

Philippart, C.J.M, (1995b). Seasonal variation in growth and biomass of an intertidal Zostera noltii stand in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 33, 205-218.

Philippart, C.J.M, (1994a). Interactions between Arenicola marina and Zostera noltii on a tidal flat in the Wadden Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 111, 251-257.

Philippart, C.J.M, (1994b). Eutrophication as a possible cause of decline in the seagrass Zostera noltii of the Dutch Wadden Sea. http://www.nioz.nl/en/deps/mee/katja/seagrass.htm, 2000-10-23 00:00:00

Phillips, R.C., & Menez, E.G., (1988). Seagrasses. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, no. 34.

Prouse, N.J. & Gordon, D.C., (1976). Interactions between the deposit feeding polychaete Arenicola marina and oiled sediment. In Proceedings of a Symposium of the American Institute of Biological Sciences, Arlington, Virginia, 1976. Sources, effects and sinks of hydrocarbons in the aquatic environment, pp. 408-422. USA: American Institute of Biological Sciences.

Rasmussen, E., (1977). The wasting disease of eelgrass (Zostera marina) and its effects on environmental factors and fauna. In Seagrass ecosystems - a scientific perspective, (ed. C.P. McRoy, & C. Helfferich), pp. 1-51.

Reusch, T.B.H., Stam, W.T., & Olsen, J.C. (1998). Size and estimated age of genets in eelgrass, Zostera marina, assessed with microsatellite markers. Marine Biology, 133, 519-525.

Rodwell, J.S. (ed.), (2000). British plant communities, vol. 5, Maritime communities and vegetation of open habitats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Short, F.T., (1987). The effects of sediment nutrients on seagrasses; literature review and mesocosm experiment. Aquatic Botany, 27, 41-57.

Smit, C.J. & Visser, G.J.M., (1993). Effects of disturbance on shorebirds: a summary of existing knowledge from the Dutch Wadden Sea and Delta area. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 68 (special issue).

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Sutton, A. & Tompsett, P.E., (2000). Eelgrass (Zostera spp.) Project 1995-1998. A report to the Helford Voluntary Marine Conservation Area Group funded by World Wide Fund for Nature UK and English Nature.

Vermaat, J.E., Agawin, N.S.R., Fortes, M.D., Uri, J.S., Duarte, C.M., Marbà, N., Enríquez, S. & Vierssen van, W., (1996). The capacity of seagrasses to survive increased turbidity and siltation: the significance of growth form and light use. Ambio, 25, 499-504.

Williams, T.P., Bubb, J.M., & Lester, J.N., (1994). Metal accumulation within salt marsh environments: a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 28, 277-290.