Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Ölscher E.M. & Fedra, K., (1977). On the ecology of a suspension feeding benthic community: filter efficiency and behaviour. In Biology of benthic organisms (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O. Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 483-492. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Addy, J.M., Levell, D. & Hartley, J.P., (1978). Biological monitoring of sediments in the Ekofisk oilfield. In Proceedings of the conference on assessment of ecological impacts of oil spills. American Institute of Biological Sciences, Keystone, Colorado 14-17 June 1978, pp.514-539.

Besten, P.J. den, Donselaar, E.G. van, Herwig, H.J., Zandee, D.I. & Voogt, P.A., (1991). Effects of cadmium on gametogenesis in the seastar Asterias rubens L. Aquatic Toxicology, 20, 83-94.

Besten, P.J. den, Herwig, H.J., Zandee, D.I. & Voogt, P.A., (1989). Effects of Cd and PCBs on reproduction in the starfish Asterias rubens: aberrations in early development. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 18, 173-180.

Binyon, J., (1966). Salinity tolerance and ionic regulation. In Physiology of Echinodermata (ed. R.A. Boolootian), pp. 359-377. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Boalch, G.T., (1979). The dinoflagellate bloom on the coast of south-west England, August to September 1978. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 515-517.

Boero, F., (1984). The ecology of marine hydroids and effects of environmental factors: a review. Marine Ecology, 5, 93-118.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bullimore, B., (1985). An investigation into the effects of scallop dredging within the Skomer Marine Reserve. Report to the Nature Conservancy Council by the Skomer Marine Reserve Subtidal Monitoring Project, S.M.R.S.M.P. Report, no 3., Nature Conservancy Council.

Chia, F.S. & Crawford, B.J., (1973). Some observations on gametogenesis, larval development and substratum selection of the sea pen Ptilosarcus guerneyi. Marine Biology, 23, 73-82.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.], http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Crompton, T.R., (1997). Toxicants in the aqueous ecosystem. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Dauwe, B., Herman, P.M.J. & Heip, C.H.R., (1998). Community structure and bioturbation potential of macrofauna at four North Sea stations with contrasting food supply. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 173, 67-83.

Dinnel, P.A., Pagano, G.G., & Oshido, P.S., (1988). A sea urchin test system for marine environmental monitoring. In Echinoderm Biology. Proceedings of the Sixth International Echinoderm Conference, Victoria, 23-28 August 1987, (R.D. Burke, P.V. Mladenov, P. Lambert, Parsley, R.L. ed.), pp 611-619. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Dipper, F.A. & Beaver, R., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 12. Sea lochs in the Clyde Sea: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and Seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series]

Emson, R.H., & Wilkie, I.C., (1980). Fission and autotomy in echinoderms. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 18, 155-250.

Eno, N.C., MacDonald, D. & Amos, S.C., (1996). A study on the effects of fish (Crustacea/Molluscs) traps on benthic habitats and species. Final report to the European Commission. Study Contract, no. 94/076.

Erwin, D.G., Picton, B.E., Connor, D.W., Howson, C.M., Gilleece, P. & Bogues, M.J., (1990). Inshore Marine Life of Northern Ireland. Report of a survey carried out by the diving team of the Botany and Zoology Department of the Ulster Museum in fulfilment of a contract with Conservation Branch of the Department of the Environment (N.I.)., Ulster Museum, Belfast: HMSO.

Forster, G.R., (1979). Mortality of the bottom fauna and fish in St Austell Bay and neighbouring areas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 517-520.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Graham, A., (1988). Molluscs: prosobranchs and pyramellid gastropods (2nd ed.). Leiden: E.J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys. [Synopses of the British Fauna No. 2]

Griffiths, A.B., Dennis, R. & Potts, G.W., (1979). Mortality associated with a phytoplankton bloom off Penzance in Mount's Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 515-528.

Hoare, R. & Wilson, E.H., (1977). Observations on the behaviour and distribution of Virgularia mirabilis O.F. Müller (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea) in Holyhead harbour. In Proceedings of the Eleventh European Symposium on Marine Biology, University College, Galway, 5-11 October 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O. Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden, pp. 329-337. Oxford: Pergamon Press. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Howson, C.M., Connor, D.W. & Holt, R.H.F., (1994). The Scottish sealochs - an account of surveys undertaken for the Marine Nature Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 164 (Marine Nature Conservation Review Report MNCR/SR/27)., Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 164 (Marine Nature Conservation Review Report MNCR/SR/27).

Hughes, D.J., (1998b). Subtidal brittlestar beds. An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared for Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, Vol. 3)., http://www.english-nature.org.uk/uk-marine

Hyman, L.V., (1955). The Invertebrates: Vol. IV. Echinodermata. The coelomate Bilateria. New York: McGraw Hill.

Jennings, S. & Kaiser, M.J., (1998). The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems. Advances in Marine Biology, 34, 201-352.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid,

Johnston, R., (1984). Oil Pollution and its management. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3 (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1433-1582. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., (1995). Survival of by-catch from a beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 126, 31-38.

Lawrence, J.M., (1996). Mass mortality of echinoderms from abiotic factors. In Echinoderm Studies Vol. 5 (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 103-137. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Magorrian, B.H. & Service, M., (1998). Analysis of underwater visual data to identify the impact of physical disturbance on horse mussel (Modiolus modiolus) beds. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36, 354-359.

Moore, P.G. & Cameron, K.S., (1999). A note on a hitherto unreported association between Photis longicaudata (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and Cerianthus lloydii (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 369-370.

Murray, E., Dalkin, M.J., Fortune, F. & Begg, K., (1999). Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 2. Orkney: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and sea of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Newton, L.C. & McKenzie, J.D., (1995). Echinoderms and oil pollution: a potential stress assay using bacterial symbionts. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 31, 453-456.

Newton, L.C. & McKenzie, J.D., (1998). Brittlestars, biomarkers and Beryl: Assessing the toxicity of oil-based drill cuttings using laboratory, mesocosm and field studies. Chemistry and Ecology, 15, 143-155.

Olsgard, F. & Gray, J.S., (1995). A comprehensive analysis of the effects of offshore oil and gas exploration and production on the benthic communities of the Norwegian continental shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 122, 277-306.

Pawson, D.L., (1966). Ecology of holothurians. In Physiology of Echinodermata (ed. R.A. Boolootian), pp. 63-71. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Picton, B.E., (1993). A field guide to the shallow-water echinoderms of the British Isles. London: Immel Publishing Ltd.

Rees, H.L., Waldock, R., Matthiessen, P. & Pendle, M.A., (2001). Improvements in the epifauna of the Crouch estuary (United Kingdom) following a decline in TBT concentrations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, 137-144.

Ringelband, U., (2001). Salinity dependence of vanadium toxicity against the brackish water hydroid Cordylophora caspia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 48, 18-26.

Smiley, S., McEven, F.S., Chaffee, C. & Kushan, S., (1991). Echinodermata: Holothuoidea. In Reproduction of marine invertebrates, vol. 6. Echinoderms and Lophorates (ed. A.C. Giese, J.S. Pearse & V.B. Pearse), pp. 663-750. California: The Boxwood Press.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stickle, W.B. & Diehl, W.J., (1987). Effects of salinity on echinoderms. In Echinoderm Studies, Vol. 2, (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 235-285.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Tuck, I.D., Hall, S.J., Robertson, M.R., Armstrong, E. & Basford, D.J., (1998). Effects of physical trawling disturbance in a previously unfished sheltered Scottish sea loch. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 162, 227-242.

Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S., Hawkins, S.J. & Brand, A.R., (2000). Effects of long term physical disturbance by scallop fishing on subtidal epifaunal assemblages and habitats. Marine Biology, 137, 325-337.

Vella, G., Rushforth, I., Mason, E., Hough, A., England, R., Styles, P, Holt, T & Thorne, P., (2001). Assessment of the effects of noise and vibration from offshore windfarms on marine wildlife. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) contract report, ETSU W/13/00566/REP. Liverpool: University of Liverpool., Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) contract report, ETSU W/13/00566/REP. Liverpool: University of Liverpool.