Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Albentosa, M., Beiras, R. & Camacho, A.P., (1994). Determination of optimal thermal conditions for growth of clam (Venerupis pullastra) seed. Aquaculture, 126, 315-328.

Ansell, A.D., Barnett, P.R.O., Bodoy, A. & Masse, H., (1981). Upper temperature tolerances of some European Mollusca III. Cardium glaucum, C. tuberculata and C. edule. Marine Biology, 65, 177-183.

Beaumont, A.R., Newman, P.B., Mills, D.K., Waldock, M.J., Miller, D. & Waite, M.E., (1989). Sandy-substrate microcosm studies on tributyl tin (TBT) toxicity to marine organisms. Scientia Marina, 53, 737-743.

Beiras, R., Perez-Camacho, A. & Albentosa, M., (1993). Influence of food concentration on energy balance and growth performance of Venerupis pullastra seed reared in an open flow system. Aquaculture, 116, 353-365.

Beukema, J.J. & de Vlas, J., (1979). Population parameters of the lugworm, Arenicola marina, living on tidal flats in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 13, 331-353.

Beukema, J.J., (1995). Long-term effects of mechanical harvesting of lugworms Arenicola marina on the zoobenthic community of a tidal flat in the Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 33, 219-227.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Brouseau, D.J. & Baglivo, J.A., (1991). Disease progression and mortality in neoplastic Mya arenaria in the field. Marine Biology, 110, 249-252.

Bryan, G.W. & Gibbs, P.E., (1991). Impact of low concentrations of tributyltin (TBT) on marine organisms: a review. In: Metal ecotoxicology: concepts and applications (ed. M.C. Newman & A.W. McIntosh), pp. 323-361. Boston: Lewis Publishers Inc.

Bryan, G.W. & Langston, W.J., (1992). Bioavailability, accumulation and effects of heavy metals in sediments with special reference to UK estuaries: a review. Environmental Pollution, 76, 89-131.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Chassaud-Bouchard, C., (1992). Biological effects of uranium and transuranium nuclides on marine bivalves Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas and Cerastoderma edule: microanalysis at the cellular and subcellular levels. In Proceedings of the FAO/UNEP/IOC Workshop on the biological effects of pollutants on marine organisms, 10-14 September 1991, Malta. (ed. G.D. Gabrielides).(MAP Technical Report Series, no. 69.), Athens: UNEP.

Clarke, M. R., (1966). A review of the systematics and ecology of oceanic squids. Advanced Marine Biology, 4, 91-300.

Clay, E., (1966). Literature survey of the common fauna of estuaries. 12. Mya arenaria L., Mya truncata L. Imperial Chemical Industries Limited, Brixham Laboratory, BL/A/707.

Collier, L.M. & Pinn, E.H., (1998). An assessment of the acute impact of the sea lice treatment Ivermectin on a benthic community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 230, 131-147.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Cotter, A.J.R., Walker, P., Coates, P., Cook, W. & Dare, P.J., (1997). Trial of a tractor dredger for cockles in Burry Inlet, South Wales. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54, 72-83.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Cryer, M., Whittle, B.N. & Williams, K., (1987). The impact of bait collection by anglers on marine intertidal invertebrates. Biological Conservation, 42, 83-93.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Dow, R.C., (1978). Size-selective mortalities of clams in an oil spill site. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 9, 45-48.

Dow, R.L. & Wallace, D.E., (1961). The soft-shell clam industry of Maine. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, Circular no. 110., U.S.A: Washington D.C.

Eagle, R.A., (1975). Natural fluctuations in a soft bottom benthic community. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 865-878.

Eisler, R., (1977). Toxicity evaluation of a complex meta mixture to the softshell clam Mya arenaria. Marine Biology, 43, 265-276.

Emerson, C.M., Grant, J. & Rowell, T.W., (1990). Indirect effects of clam digging on the viability of soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria L. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 27, 109-118.

Emerson, C.W. & Grant, J., (1991). The control of soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) recruitment on intertidal sandflats by bedload sediment transport. Limnology and Oceanography, 36, 1288-1300.

Eno, N.C., Clark, R.A. & Sanderson, W.G. (ed.) (1997). Non-native marine species in British waters: a review and directory. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Farke, H., (1979). Population dynamics, reproduction and early development of Tharyx marioni (Polychaeta, Cirratulidae) on tidal flats of the German Bight. Veroffentlichungen des Instituts fur Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, 18, 69-99.

Feder, H.M. & Pearson, T.H., (1988). The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a sea-loch system on the west coast of Scotland. 5. Biology of the dominant soft-bottom epifauna and their interaction with the infauna. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 116, 99-134.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flach, E.C., (1992). Disturbance of benthic infauna by sediment-reworking activities of the lugworm Arenicola marina. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30, 81-89.

Fowler, S.L., (1999). Guidelines for managing the collection of bait and other shoreline animals within UK European marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared by the Nature Conservation Bureau Ltd. for the UK Marine SACs Project, 132 pp., Peterborough: English Nature (UK Marine SACs Project).,

Freire-Santos, F., Oteiza-Lopez, A.M., Vergara-Castablanco, C.A., Ares-Mazas, E., Alvarez-Suarez, E. & Garcia-Martin, O., (2000). Detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in bivalve molluscs destined for human consumption. Journal of Parasitology, 86, 853-854.

Gibbs, P.E., (1971). Reproductive cycles in four polychaete species belonging to the family Cirratulidae. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 745-769.

Grant, J. & Thorpe, B., (1991). Effects of suspended sediment on growth, respiration, and excretion of the soft shelled clam (Mya arenaria). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 48, 1285-1292.

Hall, S.J. & Harding, M.J.C., (1997). Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: the effects of mechanical harvesting of cockles on non-target benthic infauna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34, 497-517.

Hall, S.J., (1994). Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: life in unconsolidated sediments. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 179-239.

Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1980). Monitoring rocky shore communities: a critical look at spatial and temporal variation. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 33, 484-495.

Hayward, P.J. (1994). Animals of sandy shores. Slough, England: The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd. [Naturalists' Handbook 21.]

Hiscock, K., (1983). Water movement. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Jara-Jara, R., Abad, M., Pazos, A.J., Perez-Paralle, M.L. & Sanchez, J.L., (2000). Growth and reproductive patterns in Venerupis pullastra seed reared in waste water effluent from a fish farm in Galicia (N.W. Spain). Journal of Shellfish Research, 19, 949-956.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Johannessen, O.H., (1973b). Population structure and individual growth of Venerupis pullastra (Montagu) (Lamellibranchia). Sarsia, 52, 97-116.

Johnston, R., (1984). Oil Pollution and its management. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3 (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1433-1582. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Jorgensen, B.B., (1980). Seasonal oxygen depletion in the bottom waters of a Danish fjord and its effect on the benthic community. Oikos, 32, 68-76.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., (1995). Survival of by-catch from a beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 126, 31-38.

Kaschl, A. & Carballeira, A., (1999). Behavioural responses of Venerupis decussata (Linnaeus, 1758) and Venerupis pullastra (Montagu, 1803) to copper spiked marine sediments. Boletin. Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia, 15, 383-394.

Landsberg, J.H., (1996). Neoplasia and biotoxins in bivalves: is there a connection? Journal of Shellfish Research, 15, 203-230.

Lange, R., (1972). Some recent work on osmotic, ionic and volume regulation in marine animals. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 10, 97-136.

Levell, D., (1976). The effect of Kuwait Crude Oil and the Dispersant BP 1100X on the lugworm, Arenicola marina L. In Proceedings of an Institute of Petroleum / Field Studies Council meeting, Aviemore, Scotland, 21-23 April 1975. Marine Ecology and Oil Pollution (ed. J.M. Baker), pp. 131-185. Barking, England: Applied Science Publishers Ltd.

MacDonald, J. A. & Storey, K. B., (1999). Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase: role in anoxia and freezing tolerance of the marine periwinkle Littorina littorea. Marine Biology, 133, 193-203.

Maurer, D., Keck, R.T., Tinsman, J.C., Leatham, W.A., Wethe, C., Lord, C. & Church, T.M., (1986). Vertical migration and mortality of marine benthos in dredged material: a synthesis. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, 71, 49-63.

McCall, P.L., (1977). Community patterns and adaptive strategies of the infaunal benthos of Long Island Sound. Journal of Marine Research, 35, 221-266.

McLaughlin, S.M. & Faisal, M., (2000). In vitro propagation of two Perkinsus species from the softshell clam Mya arenaria.. Journal de la Societe Francaise de Parasitologie, 7, (summary only).

Meire, P.M., (1993). The impact of bird predation on marine and estuarine bivalve populations: a selective review of patterns and underlying causes. In Bivalve filter feeders in estuarine and coastal ecosystem processes (ed. R.F. Dame). NATO ASI Series, Springer Verlag.

Navarro, J.M. & Widdows, J., (1997). Feeding physiology of Cerastoderma edule in response to a wide range of seston concentrations. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 152, 175-186.

Navas, J.I., Castillo, M.C., Vera, P. & Ruiz-Rico, M., (1992). Principal parasites observed in clams, Ruditapes decussatus (L.), Ruditapes philippinarum (Adam et Reeve), Venerupis pullastra (Montagu) and Venerupis aureus (Gmelin) from the Huelva coast (SW Spain). Aquaculture, 107, 193-199.

Olafsson, E.B. & Persson, L.E., (1986). The interaction between Nereis diversicolor (Muller) and Corophium volutator (Pallas) as a structuring force in a shallow brackish sediment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 103, 103-117.

Olafsson, E.B., Peterson, C.H. & Ambrose, W.G. Jr., (1994). Does recruitment limitation structure populations and communities of macro-invertebrates in marine soft sediments: the relative significance of pre- and post-settlement processes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 65-109

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Perez Camacho, A., (1980). Biology of Venerupis pullastra (Montagu, 1803) and Venerupis decussata (Linne, 1767) (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Determining factors of production. Boletin del Instituto Espanol Oceanographica, 5, 43-76.

Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin.,

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., (1999). Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Rees, E.I.S., Nicholaidou, A. & Laskaridou, P., (1977). The effects of storms on the dynamics of shallow water benthic associations. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, Ireland, October 5-11, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 465-474.

Rees, H.L. & Dare, P.J., (1993). Sources of mortality and associated life-cycle traits of selected benthic species: a review. MAFF Fisheries Research Data Report, no. 33., Lowestoft: MAFF Directorate of Fisheries Research.

Reise, K., (1985). Tidal flat ecology. An experimental approach to species interactions. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Rhoads, D.C. & Young, D.K., (1970). The influence of deposit-feeding organisms on sediment stability and community trophic structure. Journal of Marine Research, 28, 150-178.

Rosenberg, R. & Loo, L., (1988). Marine eutrophication induced oxygen deficiency: effects on soft bottom fauna, western Sweden. Ophelia, 29, 213-225.

Rosenberg, R., Hellman, B. & Johansson, B., (1991). Hypoxic tolerance of marine benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 79, 127-131.

Russell, P.J.C. & Petersen, G.H., (1973). The use of ecological data in the elucidation of some shallow water European Cardium species. Malacologia, 14, 223-232.

Rygg, B., (1970). Studies on Cerastoderma edule (L.) and Cerastoderma glaucum (Poiret). Sarsia, 43, 65-80.

Sanders, H.L., (1978). Florida oil spill impact on the Buzzards Bay benthic fauna: West Falmouth. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 35, 717-730.

SEEEC (Sea Empress Environmental Evaluation Committee), (1998). The environmental impact of the Sea Empress oil spill. Final Report of the Sea Empress Environmental Evaluation Committee, 135 pp., London: HMSO.

Snelgrove, P.V.R. & Butman, C.A., (1994). Animal-sediment relationships revisited: cause versus effect. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 111-177.

Stamouli, M. & Papadopoulou, C., (1990). Trivalent Cr-51 bioaccumulation study in two mollusc species. Thalassographica. Athens, 13 suppl. 1, 49-52.

Stenton-Dozey, J.M.E. & Brown, A.C., (1994). Short term changes in the energy balance of Venerupis corrugatus (Bivalvia) in relation to tidal availability of natural suspended particles. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 103, 57-64.

Strömgren, T., (1979b). The effect of zinc on the increase in length of five species of intertidal Fucales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 40, 95-102.

Strömgren, T., (1979a). The effect of copper on the increase in length of Ascophyllum nodosum. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 37, 153-159.

Strasser, M., (1999). Mya arenaria - an ancient invader of the North Sea coast. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 52, 309-324.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Waugh, G.D., (1964). Effect of severe winter of 1962-63 on oysters and the associated fauna of oyster grounds of southern England. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 173-175.

Yaroslavsteva, L.M. & Fedoseeva, S.V., (1978). Adaptation of some marine mollusks to estuarine habitats. Soviet Journal of Marine Biology, 4, 820-826.

Zebe, E. & Schiedek, D., (1996). The lugworm Arenicola marina: a model of physiological adaptation to life in intertidal sediments. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 50, 37-68.