Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Anala, J., (1974). Foraging strategies of two marine invertebrates. , Ph.D. thesis, University of New Hampshire, Durham, USA.

Barnes, M., (1989). Egg production in Cirripedia. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 27, 91-166.

Bayne, B.L. & Scullard, C., (1978). Rates of feeding by Thais (Nucella) lapillus (L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 32, 75-94.

Bennell, S.J., (1981). Some observations on the littoral barnacle populations of North Wales. Marine Environmental Research, 5, 227-240.

Bhattacharya, D., (1985). The demography of fronds of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 91, 217-231.

Blinks, L.R., (1955). Accessory pigments and photosynthesis. In Photophysiology, Vol. 1.,(ed. A.C. Giese), pp. 199-221. New York & London: Academic Press.

Boney, S.H., (1978). Survival and growth of alpha-spores of Porphyra schizophylla Hollenberg (Rhodophyta: Bangiophyceae). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 35, 7-29.

Brosnan, D.M. & Crumrine, L.L., (1994). Effects of human trampling on marine rocky shore communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 177, 79-97.

Burrows, E.M. & Lodge, S.M., (1950). Note on the inter-relationships of Patella, Balanus and Fucus on a semi-exposed coast. Report of the Marine Biological Station, Port Erin, 62, 30-34.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.],

Connell, J.H., (1961). Effects of competition, predation by Thais lapillus, and other factors on natural populations of the barnacle Balanus balanoides. Ecological Monographs, 31, 61-104.

Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O., (1997b). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 229, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report No. 230, Version 97.06.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crothers, J.H., (1985). Dog-whelks: an introduction to the biology of Nucella lapillus (L.) Field Studies, 6, 291-360.

d' Antonia, C., (1985). Epiphytes on the rocky intertidal red alga Rhodomela latrix (Turner) C. Agardh: negative effects on the host and food for herbivores? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 86, 197-218.

Davenport, J., Moore, P.G. & LeCompte, E., (1996). Observations on defensive interactions between predatory dogwhelks, Nucella lapillus (L.) and mussels, Mytilus edulis L. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 206, 133-147.

Dixon, P.S., (1973). Biology of the Rhodophyta. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd.

Dudgeon, S.R. & Johnson, A.S., (1992). Thick vs. thin: thallus morphology and tissue mechanics influence differential drag and dislodgement of two co-dominant seaweeds . Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 165, 23-43.

Ewers, R., Kasperk, C. & Simmons, B., (1987). Biologishes Knochenimplantat aus Meeresalgen. Zahnaerztliche Praxis, 38, 318-320.

Feare, C.J., (1970b). Aspects of the ecology of an exposed shore population of dogwhelks Nucella lapillus. Oecologia, 5, 1-18.

Filion-Myclebust, C. & Norton, T.A., (1981). Epidermis shedding in the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis, and its ecological significance. Marine Biology Letters, 2, 45-51.

Fletcher, R.L. & Callow, M.E., (1992). The settlement, attachment and establishment of marine algal spores. British Phycological Journal, 27, 303-329.

Fletcher, R.L., (1996). The occurrence of 'green tides' - a review. In Marine Benthic Vegetation. Recent changes and the Effects of Eutrophication (ed. W. Schramm & P.H. Nienhuis). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. [Ecological Studies, vol. 123].

Fretter, V. & Graham, A., (1964). Reproduction. In Physiology of Mollusca, vol. 1, (ed. K.M. Wilbur & C.M. Yonge). New York: Academic Press.

Fretter, V. & Graham, A., (1962). British Prosobranch Molluscs. London: Ray Society.

Gibbs, P.E., Green, J.C. & Pascoe, P.C., (1999). A massive summer kill of the dog-whelk, Nucella lapillus, on the north Cornwall coast in 1995: freak or forerunner? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 103-109.

Glegg, G. A., Hickman, L. & Rowland, S. J., (1999). Contamination of limpets (Patella vulgata) following the Sea Empress oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38, 119-125.

Guiry, M.D. & Blunden, G., (1991). Seaweed Resources in Europe: Uses and Potential. Chicester: John Wiley & Sons.

Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1985). Patchiness and fluctuations on moderately exposed rocky shores. Ophelia, 24, 53-63.

Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1983). Grazing of intertidal algae by marine invertebrates. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 21, 195-282.

Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1983b). Changes in a rocky shore community: an evolution of monitoring. Journal of Marine Environmental Research, 9, 195-282.

Hawkins, S.J., Hartnoll, R.G., Kain, J.M. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Plant-animal interactions on hard substrata in the north-east Atlantic. In Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos (ed. D.M. John, S.J. Hawkins & J.H. Price), pp. 1-32. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Systematics Association Special Volume, no. 46.]

Hill, S., Burrows, S.J. & Hawkins, S.J., (1998). Intertidal Reef Biotopes (Volume VI). An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine Special Areas of Conservation. Oban: Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project)., Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project).

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., & Norton, T.A., (1990). Marine Ecology. In Biology of the Red Algae, (ed. K.M. Cole & Sheath, R.G.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1972). Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in Oceans and Coastal Waters,Vol.1, Environmental Factors, part 3. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Kinne, O. (ed.), (1980). Diseases of marine animals. vol. 1. General aspects. Protozoa to Gastropoda. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Kitching, J.A., (1987). The fauna and flora associated with Himanthalia elongata (L) S. F. Gray in relation to water current and wave action in the Lough Hyne Marine Nature Reserve. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 25, 663-676.

Lüning, K., (1990). Seaweeds. Their environment, biogeography and ecophysiology. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Largen, M.J., (1967). The influence of water temperature upon the life of the dog whelk Thais lapillus (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Journal of Animal Ecology, 36, 207-214.

Lewis, J.R., (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

Lobban, C.S. & Harrison, P.J., (1997). Seaweed ecology and physiology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

MacFarlane, C.I., (1952). A survey of certain seaweeds of commercial importance in southwest Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Botany, 30, 78-97.

Marshall, S., Newton, L. & Orr, A.P., (1949). A study of certain British seaweeds and their utilization in the preparation of agar. London: HMSO. 184 pp. A study of certain British seaweeds and their utilization in the preparation of agar. London: HMSO. 184 pp., London: HMSO. 184 pp.

Masaki, T., Fujita, D. & Akioka, H., (1981). Observation on the spore germination of Laminaria japonica on Lithophyllum yessoense (Rhodophyta, Corallinaceace) in culture. Bulletin of the Faculty of Fish Research, Hokkaido University, 32, 349-356.

Mathieson, A.C. & Burns, R.L., (1975). Ecological studies of economic red algae. 5. Growth and reproduction of natural and harvested populations of Chondrus crispus Stackhouse in New Hampshire. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 17, 137-156.

Mathieson, A.C. & Burns, R.L., (1971). Ecological studies of economic red algae. 1. Photosynthesis and respiration of Chondrus crispus (Stackhouse) and Gigartina stellata (Stackhouse) Batters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 7, 197-206.

Morgan, K.C., Shacklock, P.F. & Simpson, F.J., (1980). Some aspects of the culture of Palmaria palmata in greenhouse tanks. Botanica Marina, 23, 765-770.

Moss, B., Mercer, S., & Sheader, A., (1973). Factors Affecting the Distribution of Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F. Gray on the North-east Coast of England. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 1, 233-243.

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Petraitis, P.S., (1987). Immobilization of the predatory gastropod, Nucella lapillus, by its prey Mytilus edulis. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 172, 307-314.

Raffaelli, D. & Hawkins, S., (1999). Intertidal Ecology 2nd edn.. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Rai, L., Gaur, J.P. & Kumar, H.D., (1981). Phycology and heavy-metal pollution. Biological Reviews, 56, 99-151.

Rice, H., Leighty, D.A. & McLeod, G.C., (1973). The effects of some trace metals on marine phytoplankton. CRC Critical Review in Microbiology, 3, 27-49.

Russell, G. & Veltkamp, C.J., (1984). Epiphyte survival on skin-shedding macrophytes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 18, 149-153.

Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A., (1980). Factors controlling the lower limits of fucoid algae on the shore. Botanica Marina, 23, 141-147.

Scrosati, R., Garbary, D.J. & McLachlan, J., (1994). Reproductive ecology of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) from Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina, 37, 293-300.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Southward, A.J. & Southward, E.C., (1978). Recolonisation of rocky shores in Cornwall after use of toxic dispersants to clean up the Torrey Canyon spill. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 35, 682-706.

Stengel, D.B., Wilkes, R.J. & Guiry, M.D., (1999). Seasonal growth and recruitment of Himanthalia elongata (Fucales, Phaeophycota) in different habitats on the Irish west coasts. European Journal of Phycology, 34, 213-221.

Underwood, A.J. & Jernakoff, P., (1981). Interactions between algae and grazing gastropods in the structure of a low-shore algal community. Oecologia, 48, 221-233.

Underwood, A.J., (1979). The ecology of marine gastropods. Advances in Marine Biology, 16, 111-210.

Underwood, A.J., (1980). The effects of grazing by gastropods and physical factors on the upper limits of distribution of intertidal macroalgae. Oecologia, 46, 210-213.

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

Wiedemann, T., (1994). Oekologische Untersuchungen in Gezeitentuempeln des Helgolaender Nord-Ost Felswatts. , Diploma thesis, University of Kiel, Germany.