Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Aronson, R.B., (1990). Onshore-offshore patterns of human fishing activity. Palaios, 5, 88-93.

Baden, S.P., Pihl, L. & Rosenberg, R., (1990). Effects of oxygen depletion on the ecology, blood physiology and fishery of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 67, 141-155.

Bergman, M.J.N. & Hup, M., (1992). Direct effects of beam trawling on macro-fauna in a sandy sediment in the southern North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 49, 5-11.

Bergman, M.J.N. & van Santbrink, J.W., (2000). Fishing mortality of populations of megafauna in sandy sediments. In The effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & S.J de Groot), 49-68. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2002). The role of scallop-dredge disturbance in long-term changes in Irish Sea benthic communities: a re-analysis of an historical dataset. Journal of Sea Research, 47, 161-184.

Buchanan, J.B., (1966). The biology of Echinocardium cordatum (Echinodermata: Spatangoidea) from different habitats. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 46, 97-114.

Buchanan, J.B., (1967). Dispersion and demography of some infaunal echinoderm populations. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, 20, 1-11.

Buchanan, J.B., (1964). A comparative study of some of the features of the biology of Amphiura filiformis and Amphiura chiajei (Ophiuroidea) considered in relation to their distribution. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 44, 565-576.

Cabioch, L., Dauvin, J.C. & Gentil, F., (1978). Preliminary observations on pollution of the sea bed and disturbance of sub-littoral communities in northern Brittany by oil from the Amoco Cadiz. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 9, 303-307.

Clark, R.B., (1997). Marine Pollution, 4th ed. Oxford: Carendon Press.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Coulon, P. & Jangoux, M., (1987). Gregarine species (Apicomplexa) parasitic in the burrowing echinoid Echinocardium cordatum: occurrence and host reaction. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 2, 135-145.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Daan, R. & Mulder, M., (1996). On the short-term and long-term impact of drilling activities in the Dutch sector of the North Sea ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53, 1036-1044.

Daan, R., Groenewould van het, H., Jong de, S.A. & Mulder, M., (1992). Physico-chemical and biological features of a drilling site in the North Sea, 1 year after discharges of oil-contaminated drill cuttings. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 91, 37-45.

Dahllöf, I., Blanck, H., Hall, P.O.J. & Molander, S., (1999). Long term effects of tri-n-butyl-tin on the function of a marine sediment system. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 188, 1-11.

Dauwe, B., Herman, P.M.J. & Heip, C.H.R., (1998). Community structure and bioturbation potential of macrofauna at four North Sea stations with contrasting food supply. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 173, 67-83.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Duineveld, G.C.A. & Jenness, M.I., (1984). Differences in growth rates of the sea urchin Echinocardium cordatum as estimated by the parameters of the von Bertalanffy equation applied to skeletal rings. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 19, 64-72.

Eagle, R.A., (1975). Natural fluctuations in a soft bottom benthic community. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 55, 865-878.

Eleftheriou, A. & Robertson, M.R., (1992). The effects of experimental scallop dredging on the fauna and physical environment of a shallow sandy community. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 30, 289-299.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Glémarec, M., (1979). Problemes d'ecologie dynamique et de succession en baie de Concarneau. Vie et Milieu, 28-29, 1-20.

Guillou, J., (1985). Population dynamics of Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant) in the bay of Douarnenez (Brittany). In Proceedings of the Fifth International Echinocardium Conference / Galway / 24-29 September 1984 (ed. B.F. Keegan & B.D.S. O'Conner), 275-280. Rotterdam: Balkema.

Gunnarsson, J.S. & Skold, M., (1999). Accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls by the infaunal brittle stars Amphiura filiformis and A. chiajei: effects of eutrophication and selective feeding. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 186, 173-185.

Hall, S.J., (1994). Physical disturbance and marine benthic communities: life in unconsolidated sediments. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 179-239.

Hiscock, K., (1984). Rocky shore surveys of the Isles of Scilly. March 27th to April 1st and July 7th to 15th 1983. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council, CSD Report, No. 509.

Hoare, R. & Wilson, E.H., (1977). Observations on the behaviour and distribution of Virgularia mirabilis O.F. Müller (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea) in Holyhead harbour. In Proceedings of the Eleventh European Symposium on Marine Biology, University College, Galway, 5-11 October 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O. Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden, pp. 329-337. Oxford: Pergamon Press. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Howson, C.M., Connor, D.W. & Holt, R.H.F., (1994). The Scottish sealochs - an account of surveys undertaken for the Marine Nature Conservation Review. Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 164 (Marine Nature Conservation Review Report MNCR/SR/27)., Joint Nature Conservation Committee Report, No. 164 (Marine Nature Conservation Review Report MNCR/SR/27).

Hughes, D.J. & Atkinson, R.J.A., (1997). A towed video survey of megafaunal bioturbation in the north-eastern Irish Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 77, 635-653.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

Jones, L.A., Hiscock, K. & Connor, D.W., (2000). Marine habitat reviews. A summary of ecological requirements and sensitivity characteristics for the conservation and management of marine SACs. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. (UK Marine SACs Project report.).,

Jones, N.S., (1951). The bottom fauna of the south of the Isle of Man. Journal of Animal Ecology, 20, 132-144.

Josefson, A.B. & Smith, S., (1984). Changes of benthos-biomass in the Skagerrak-Kattegat during the 70s: a result of chance events, climatic changes or eutrophication? Meddelande fran Havsfiskelaboratoriet. Lysekil, 292, 111-121.

Josefson, A.B., (1990). Increase in the benthic biomass in the Skagerrak-Kattegat during the 1970s and 1980s - effects of organic enrichment? Marine Ecology Progress Series, 66, 117-130.

Künitzer, al., (1992). The benthic infauna of the North Sea: species distribution and assemblages. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 49, 127-143.

Kashenko, S.D., (1994). Larval development of the heart urchin Echinocardium cordatum feeding on different macroalgae. Biologiya Morya, 20, 385-389.

Klein, R. & Witbaard, R., (1993). The appearance of scars on the shell of Arctica islandica L. (Mollusca, Bivalvia) and their relation to bottom trawl fishery. NIOZ - Rapport, 12., Unpublished, Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee.

Lawrence, J.M., (1996). Mass mortality of echinoderms from abiotic factors. In Echinoderm Studies Vol. 5 (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 103-137. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Lindley, J.A., Gamble, J.C. & Hunt, H.G., (1995). A change in the zooplankton of the central North Sea (55° to 58° N): a possible consequence of changes in the benthos. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 119, 299-303.

Mackie, A.S.Y., (1990). Offshore benthic communities of the Irish Sea. In The Irish Sea: an environmental review. Part 1: nature conservation, ed. Irish Sea Study Group, pp. 169-218. Liverpool, Liverpool University Press for Irish Sea Study Group.

Muus, K., (1981). Density and growth of juvenile Amphiura filiformis (Ophiuroidea) in the Oresund. Ophelia, 20, 153-168.

Nickell, L.A. & Atkinson, R.J.A., (1995). Functional morphology of burrows and trophic modes of three thalassinidean shrimp species, and a new approach to the classification of thalassinidean burrow morphology. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 128, 181-197.

Niermann, U., (1997). Macrobenthos of the south-eastern North Sea during 1983-1988. Berichte der Biologischen Anstalt Helgoland, 13, 144pp.

Nilsson, H.C. & Rosenberg, R., (1994). Hypoxic response of two marine benthic communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 115, 209-217.

O'Connor, B., Bowmer, T. & Grehan, A., (1983). Long-term assessment of the population dynamics of Amphiura filiformis (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) in Galway Bay (west coast of Ireland). Marine Biology, 75, 279-286.

O'Connor, B., Bowmer, T., McGrath, D. & Raine, R., (1986). Energy flow through an Amphiura filiformis (Ophiuroidea: Echinodermata) in Galway Bay, west coast of Ireland: a preliminary investigation. Ophelia, 26, 351-357.

Ockelmann, K.W. & Muus, K., (1978). The biology, ecology and behaviour of the bivalve Mysella bidentata (Montagu). Ophelia, 17, 1-93.

Olsgard, F. & Gray, J.S., (1995). A comprehensive analysis of the effects of offshore oil and gas exploration and production on the benthic communities of the Norwegian continental shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 122, 277-306.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1976). A comparative study of the effects on the marine environment of wastes from cellulose industries in Scotland and Sweden. Ambio, 5, 77-79.

Peterson, C.H., (1977). Competitive organisation of the soft bottom macrobenthic communities of southern California lagoons. Marine Biology, 43, 343-359.

Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., (1998). BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin.,

Picton, B.E., Emblow, C.S., Morrow, C.C., Sides, E.M. & Costello, M.J., (1994b). Marine communities of the Mulroy Bay and Lough Swill area, north-west Ireland, with an assessment of their nature conservation importance. , Unpublished, Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College. (Field Survey Report).

Ramsay, K., Kaiser, M.J. & Hughes, R.N. (1998). The responses of benthic scavengers to fishing disturbance by towed gears in different habitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 224, 73-89.

Rees, E.I.S., Nicholaidou, A. & Laskaridou, P., (1977). The effects of storms on the dynamics of shallow water benthic associations. In Proceedings of the 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, Ireland, October 5-11, 1976. Biology of Benthic Organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 465-474.

Ridder de, C., David, B., Laurin, B. & Gall le, P., (1991). Population dynamics of the spatangoid echinoid Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant) in the Bay of Seine, Normandy. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Echinoderm Conference Atami, 9 - 14 September 1991: Biology of Echinodermata, (ed. Yanagisawa, T., Yasumasu, I., Oguro, C., Suzuki, N. & Motokawa, T.), 153-158. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Rosenberg, R., (1995). Benthic marine fauna structured by hydrodynamic processes and food availability. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 34, 303-317.

Rosenberg, R., Gray, J.S., Josefson, A.B. & Pearson, T.H., (1987). Petersen's benthic stations revisited. II. Is the Oslofjord and eastern Skagerrak enriched? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 105, 219-251.

Rosenberg, R., Hellman, B. & Johansson, B., (1991). Hypoxic tolerance of marine benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 79, 127-131.

Rosenberg, R., Nilsson, H.C., Hollertz, K. & Hellman, B., (1997). Density-dependent migration in an Amphiura filiformis (Amphiuridae, Echinodermata) infaunal population. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 159, 121-131.

Rowden, A.A. & Jones, M.B., (1997). Recent mud shrimp burrows and bioturbation. Porcupine Newsletter, 6, 153-158.

Rowden, A.A., Jones, M.B. & Morris, A.W., (1998). The role of Callianassa subterranea (Montagu) (Thalassinidea) in sediment resuspension in the North Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 18, 1365-1380.

Rygg, B., (1985). Effect of sediment copper on benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 25, 83-89.

Sanders, H.L., (1978). Florida oil spill impact on the Buzzards Bay benthic fauna: West Falmouth. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 35, 717-730.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wolff, W.J., (1968). The Echinodermata of the estuarine region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt, with a list of species occurring in the coastal waters of the Netherlands. The Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 4, 59-85.