Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Almada-Villela, P.C., (1984). The effects of reduced salinity on the shell growth of small Mytilus edulis L. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 171-182.

Amsler, C.D. & Searles, R.B., (1980). Vertical distribution of seaweed spores in a water column off shore of North Carolina. Journal of Phycology, 16, 617-619.

Barnes, H., Finlayson, D.M. & Piatigorsky, J., (1963). The effect of desiccation and anaerobic conditions on the behaviour, survival and general metabolism of three common cirripedes. Journal of Animal Ecology, 32, 233-252.

Barnes, M., (1989). Egg production in Cirripedia. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 27, 91-166.

Bauer, B., Fioroni, P., Ide, I., Liebe, S., Oehlmann, J., Stroben, E. & Watermann, B., (1995). TBT effects on the female genital system of Littorina littorea: a possible indicator of tributyl tin pollution. Hydrobiologia, 309, 15-27.

Bayne, B.L., (1965). Growth and the delay of metamorphosis of the larvae of Mytilus edulis (L.). Ophelia, 2, 1-47.

Bayne, B.L., (1976a). The biology of mussel larvae. In Marine mussels: their ecology and physiology (ed. B.L. Bayne), pp. 81-120. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [International Biological Programme 10.]

Bennell, S.J., (1981). Some observations on the littoral barnacle populations of North Wales. Marine Environmental Research, 5, 227-240.

Berrill, N.J., (1949). The polymorphic transformation of Obelia. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 90, 235-264.

Berrill, N.J., (1948). A new method of reproduction in Obelia. Biological Bulletin, 95, 94-99.

Boero, F., (1984). The ecology of marine hydroids and effects of environmental factors: a review. Marine Ecology, 5, 93-118.

Bokn, T.L., Moy, F.E. & Murray, S.N., (1993). Long-term effects of the water-accommodated fraction (WAF) of diesel oil on rocky shore populations maintained in experimental mesocosms. Botanica Marina, 36, 313-319.

Bourget, E., (1983). Seasonal variations of cold tolerance in intertidal molluscs and their relation to environmental conditions in the St. Lawrence Estuary. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 61, 1193-1201.

Brault, S. & Bourget, E., (1985). Structural changes in an estuarine subtidal epibenthic community: biotic and physical causes. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 21, 63-73.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bryan, G.W., Langston, W.J., Hummerstone, L.G., Burt, G.R. & Ho, Y.B., (1983). An assessment of the gastropod Littorina littorea (L.) as an indicator of heavy metal contamination in United Kingdom estuaries. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63, 327-345.

Burrows, E.M., (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Casey, J.D., De Grave, S. & Burnell, G.M., (1998). Intersex and Littorina littorea in Cork Harbour: results of a medium-term monitoring programme. Hydrobiologia, 378, 193-197.

Chandrasekara, W.U. & Frid, C.L.J., (1998). A laboratory assessment of the survival and vertical movement of two epibenthic gastropod species, Hydrobia ulvae, (Pennant) and Littorina littorea (Linnaeus), after burial in sediment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 221, 191-207.

Clark, R.B., (1997). Marine Pollution, 4th ed. Oxford: Carendon Press.

Cole, S., Codling, I.D., Parr, W. & Zabel, T., (1999). Guidelines for managing water quality impacts within UK European Marine sites. Natura 2000 report prepared for the UK Marine SACs Project. 441 pp., Swindon: Water Research Council on behalf of EN, SNH, CCW, JNCC, SAMS and EHS. [UK Marine SACs Project.], http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/

Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O., (1997b). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 229, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report No. 230, Version 97.06.

Cornelius, P.F.S., (1995a). North-west European thecate hydroids and their medusae. Part 1. Introduction, Laodiceidae to Haleciidae. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna no. 50]

Cornelius, P.F.S., (1995b). North-west European thecate hydroids and their medusae. Part 2. Sertulariidae to Campanulariidae. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna no. 50]

Cornelius, P.F.S., (1992). Medusa loss in leptolid Hydrozoa (Cnidaria), hydroid rafting, and abbreviated life-cycles among their remote island faunae: an interim review.

Cornelius, P.F.S., (1990b). Evolution of leptolid life-cycles (Cnidaria: Hydroida). Journal of Natural History, 24, 579-594.

Crisp, D.J. & Ritz, D.A., (1967). Changes in temperature tolerance of Balanus balanoides during its life cycle. Helgolander Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15, 98-115.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Dame, R.F.D., (1996). Ecology of Marine Bivalves: an Ecosystem Approach. New York: CRC Press Inc. [Marine Science Series.]

Dare, P.J., (1976). Settlement, growth and production of the mussel, Mytilus edulis L., in Morecambe Bay, England. Fishery Investigations, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Series II, 28 , 25pp.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Deutsch, U. & Fioroni, P., (1996). Effects of tributyltin (TBT) and testosterone on the female genital system in the mesogastropod Littorina littorea (Prosobranchia). Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 50, 105-115.

Diaz, R.J. & Rosenberg, R., (1995). Marine benthic hypoxia: a review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 245-303.

Edwards, E., (1997). Molluscan fisheries in Britain. In The History, Present Condition, and Future of the Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central American and Europe, vol. 3, Europe, (ed. C.L. MacKenzie, Jr., V.G. Burrell, Jr., Rosenfield, A. & W.L. Hobart). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 129.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Hatcher, A.M., (1998). Epibenthic colonization patterns on slabs of stabilised coal-waste in Poole Bay, UK. Hydrobiologia, 367, 153-162.

Hawkins, S.J. & Southward, A.J., (1992). The Torrey Canyon oil spill: recovery of rocky shore communities. In Restoring the Nations Marine Environment, (ed. G.W. Thorpe), Chapter 13, pp. 583-631. Maryland, USA: Maryland Sea Grant College.

Highsmith, R.C., Rucker, T.L., Stekoll, M.S., Saupe, S.M., Lindeberg, M.R., Jenne, R.N. & Erickson, W.P., (1996). Impact of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on intertidal biota. In Proceedings of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium. American Fisheries Society Symposium, no. 18, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 2-5 February 1993, (ed. S.D. Rice, R.B. Spies, D.A., Wolfe & B.A. Wright), pp.212-237.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Holt, T.J., Rees, E.I., Hawkins, S.J. & Seed, R., (1998). Biogenic reefs (Volume IX). An overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project), 174 pp.

Huggett, J. & Griffiths, C.L., (1986). Some relationships between elevation, physico-chemical variables and biota of intertidal rockpools. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 29, 198-197.

Hunter, T., (1989). Suspension feeding in oscillating flow: the effect of colony morphology and flow regime on plankton capture by the hydroid Obelia longissima. Biological Bulletin, 176, 41-49.

Jørgensen, C.B., (1981). Mortality, growth, and grazing impact on a cohort of bivalve larvae, Mytilus edulis L. Ophelia, 20, 185-192.

Jensen, A.C., Collins, K.J., Lockwood, A.P.M., Mallinson, J.J. & Turnpenny, W.H., (1994). Colonization and fishery potential of a coal-ash artificial reef, Poole Bay, United Kingdom. Bulletin of Marine Science, 55, 1263-1276.

Jones, W.E. & Babb, M.S., (1968). The motile period of swarmers of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Bulletin, 3, 525-528.

Jorgensen, B.B., (1980). Seasonal oxygen depletion in the bottom waters of a Danish fjord and its effect on the benthic community. Oikos, 32, 68-76.

Kamer, K. & Fong, P., (2001). Nitrogen enrichment ameliorates the negative effects of reduced salinity on green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 218, 87-93.

Kitching, J.A. & Thain, V.M., (1983). The ecological impact of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck) in Lough Ine, Ireland. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 300, 513-552.

Kosevich, I.A. & Marfenin, N.N., (1986). Colonial morphology of the hydroid Obelia longissima (Pallas, 1766) (Campanulariidae). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta Seriya Biologiya, 3, 44-52.

Kylin, H., (1917). Kalteresistenze der Meerealen. Bericht der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschafter, 35, 370-384.

Langston, W.J. & Zhou Mingjiang, (1986). Evaluation of the significance of metal-binding proteins in the gastropod Littorina littorea. Marine Biology, 92, 505-515.

Lewis, J.R., (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London: English Universities Press.

Livingstone, D.R. & Pipe, R.K., (1992). Mussels and environmental contaminants: molecular and cellular aspects. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 425-464. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Loomis, S.A., (1995). Freezing tolerance of marine invertebrates. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 337-350.

Lutz, R.A. & Kennish, M.J., (1992). Ecology and morphology of larval and early larval postlarval mussels. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 53-85. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

MacDonald, J. A. & Storey, K. B., (1999). Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase: role in anoxia and freezing tolerance of the marine periwinkle Littorina littorea. Marine Biology, 133, 193-203.

Michel, W.C. & Case, J.F., (1984). Effects of a water-soluble petroleum fraction on the behaviour of the hydroid coelenterate Tubularia crocea. Marine Environmental Research, 13, 161-176.

Michel, W.C., Sanfilippo, K. & Case, J.F., (1986). Drilling mud evoked hydranth shedding in the hydroid Tubularia crocea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 17, 415-419.

Newell, R.C., (1979). Biology of intertidal animals. Faversham: Marine Ecological Surveys Ltd.

Oehlmann, J., Bauer, B., Minchin, D., Schulte-Oehlmann, U., Fioroni, P. & Markert, B., (1998). Imposex in Nucella lapillus and intersex in Littorina littorea: interspecific comparison of two TBT- induced effects and their geographical uniformity. Hydrobiologia, 378, 199-213

Pyefinch, K. A., (1943). The intertidal ecology of Bardsey Island, North Wales, with special reference to the recolonization of rock surfaces, and the rock pool environment. Journal of Animal Ecology, 12, 82-108.

Ranade, M.R., (1957). Observations on the resistance of Tigriopus fulvus (Fischer) to changes in temperature and salinity. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 36, 115-119.

Reed, R.H. & Russell, G., (1979). Adaptation to salinity stress in populations of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 8, 251-258.

Sagasti, A., Schaffner, L.C. & Duffy, J.E., (2000). Epifaunal communities thrive in an estuary with hypoxic episodes. Estuaries, 23, 474-487.

Scarlett, A., Donkin, M.E., Fileman, T.W. & Donkin, P., (1997). Occurrence of the marine antifouling agent Irgarol 1051 within the Plymouth Sound locality: implications for the green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38, 645-651.

Seed, R. & Suchanek, T.H., (1992). Population and community ecology of Mytilus. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 87-169. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25.]

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Staines, A., (1996). Ultrastructural study on the accumulation of mercury by Littorina littorea. http://www.csulb.edu/~zedmason/emprojects/stains/STAINS.html, 2000-05-17 00:00:00

Stepanjants, S.D., (1998). Obelia (Cnidaria, Medusozoa, Hydrozoa): phenomenon, aspects of investigations, perspectives for utilization. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 36, 179-215.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Widdows, J. & Donkin, P., (1992). Mussels and environmental contaminants: bioaccumulation and physiological aspects. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 383-424. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]

Widdows, J., (1991). Physiological ecology of mussel larvae. Aquaculture, 94, 147-163.

Williams, R.J., (1970). Freezing tolerance in Mytilus edulis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 35, 145-161

Zwaan de, A. & Mathieu, M., (1992). Cellular biochemistry and endocrinology. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 223-307. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. 25]