Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Adey, W.H. & McKibbin, D.L., (1970). Studies on the maerl species Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) nov. comb. and Lithothamnion corallioides (Crouan) in the Ria de Vigo. Botanica Marina, 13, 100-106.

Anonymous, (1999q). Maerl beds. Habitat Action Plan. In UK Biodiversity Group. Tranche 2 Action Plans. English Nature for the UK Biodiversity Group, Peterborough., English Nature for the UK Biodiversity Group, Peterborough.

BIOMAERL team, (1999). Biomaerl: maerl biodiversity; functional structure and anthropogenic impacts. EC Contract no. MAS3-CT95-0020, 973 pp.

Birkett, D.A., Maggs, C.A. & Dring, M.J., (1998a). Maerl. an overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared by Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, vol V.).,

Bosence, D.W.J., (1979). Live and dead faunas from coralline algal gravels, Co. Galway. Palaeontology, 22, 449-478.

Cabioch, J., (1969). Les fonds de maerl de la baie de Morlaix et leur peuplement vegetale. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 10, 139-161.

Donnan, D.W. & Davies, J., (1996). Assessing the Natural Heritage Importance of Scotland's Maerl Resource. In Partnership in Coastal Zone Management, (ed. J. Taussik & J. Mitchel), 533-540.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Grall, J. & Glemarec, J., (1997). Biodiversity des fonds de maerl en Bretagne: approche fonctionelle et impacts anthropiques. Vie et Milieu, 47, 339-349.

Grave De, S. & Whitaker, A., (1999a). Benthic community re-adjustment following dredging of a muddy-maerl matrix. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38, 102-8

Grave De, S., (1999). The influence of sediment heterogeneity on within maerl bed differences in infaunal crustacean community. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 49, 153-163.

Grave De, S., & Whitaker, A., (1999b). A census of maerl beds in Irish waters. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 9, 303-311.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Atkinson, R.J.A., (1999). Upogebia deltaura (Crustacea: Thalassinidea) in Clyde Sea maerl beds, Scotland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 871-880.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., (2000c). Scallop dredging has profound, long-term impacts on maerl habitats. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 1407-1415.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., (1998). Conservation issues relating to maerl beds as habitats for molluscs. Journal of Conchology Special Publication, 2, 271-286.

Hughes, R.G., (1977). Aspects of the biology and life-history of Nemertesia antennina (L.) (Hydrozoa: Plumulariidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 641-657.

Irvine, L. M. & Chamberlain, Y. M., (1994). Seaweeds of the British Isles, vol. 1. Rhodophyta, Part 2B Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), (1999). Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line],

King, R.J., & Schramm, W., (1976). Photosynthetic rates of benthic marine algae in relation to light intensity and seasonal variations. Marine Biology, 37, 215-212.

King, R.J., & Schramm, W., (1982). Calcification in the maerl coralline alga Phymatolithon calcareum : Effects of salinity and temperature. Marine Biology, 70, 197-204.

Potin, P., Floc'h, J.Y., Augris, C., & Cabioch, J., (1990). Annual growth rate of the calcareous red alga Lithothamnion corallioides (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in the bay of Brest, France. Hydrobiologia, 204/205, 263-277

Smith T.B. & Keegan, B.F., (1985). Seasonal torpor in Neopentadactyla mixta (Ostergren) (Holothuroidea: Dendrochirotida). In Proceedings of the Fifth International Echinoderm Conference. Galway, 24-29 September 1984. Echinodermata., Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Smith, T.B., (1983). Tentacular ultrastructure and feeding behaviour of Neopentadactyla mixta (Holothuroidea: Dendrochirota). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 63, 301-311.