Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Bakus, G.J., (1968). Sedimentation and benthic invertebrates of Fanning Island, Central Pacific. Marine Geology, 6, 45-51.

Birkett, D.A., Maggs, C.A., Dring, M.J. & Boaden, P.J.S., (1998b). Infralittoral reef biotopes with kelp species: an overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared by Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, vol V.).,

Bishop, G.M. & Earll, R., (1984). Studies on the populations of Echinus esculentus at the St. Abbs and Skomer Voluntary Marine Nature Reserves. Progress in Underwater Science, 9, 53-66.

Bishop, G.M., (1985). Aspects of the reproductive ecology of the sea urchin Echinus esculentus L. , Ph.D. thesis, University of Exeter, UK.

Boolootian, R.A. (ed.), (1966). Physiology of Echinodermata. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bower, S.M. & McGladdery, S.E., (1996). Synopsis of Infectious Diseases and Parasites of Commercially Exploited Shellfish. SeaLane Diseases of Shellfish. [on-line]., 2000-11-27 00:00:00

Braber, L. & Borghouts, C.H., (1977). Distribution and ecology of Anthozoa in the estuarine region of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt. Hydrobiologia, 52, 15-21.

Bradshaw, C., Veale, L.O., Hill, A.S. & Brand, A.R., (2000). The effects of scallop dredging on gravelly seabed communities. In: Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats (ed. M.J. Kaiser & de S.J. Groot), pp. 83-104. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Comely, C.A. & Ansell, A.D., (1988). Invertebrate associates of the sea urchin Echinus esculentus L. from the Scottish west coast. Ophelia, 28, 111-137.

Crisp, D.J. (ed.), (1964). The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 165-210.

Crump, R.G., Morley, H.S., & Williams, A.D., (1999). West Angle Bay, a case study. Littoral monitoring of permanent quadrats before and after the Sea Empress oil spill. Field Studies, 9, 497-511.

Davies, C.E. & Moss, D., (1998). European Union Nature Information System (EUNIS) Habitat Classification. Report to European Topic Centre on Nature Conservation from the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood, Cambridgeshire. [Final draft with further revisions to marine habitats.], Brussels: European Environment Agency.

Dickinson, C.I., (1963). British seaweeds. London & Frome: Butler & Tanner Ltd.

Drew, E.A., Forster, G.R., Gage, J., Harwood, G., Larkum, A.W.D., Lythgoe, J.M & Potts, G.W. (1967). "Torrey Canyon" report. Underwater Association Report for 1966-67, pp. 53-60.

Dyrynda, P.E.J. & Ryland, J.S., (1982). Reproductive strategies and life histories in the cheilostome marine bryozoans Chartella papyracea and Bugula flabellata. Marine Biology, 71, 241-256.

Eggleston, D., (1972a). Patterns of reproduction in marine Ectoprocta off the Isle of Man. Journal of Natural History, 6, 31-38.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gessner, F., (1970). Temperature - Plants. In Marine Ecology, 1 (1), (ed. O. Kinne), pp. 363-406. London.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Gosse, P.H., (1860). Actinologia Britannica: a history of British sea anemones and corals. London: Van Voorst.

Grandy, N.J., (1984). The effects of oil and dispersants on subtidal red algae. Ph.D. thesis, University of Liverpool., Ph.D. thesis, University of Liverpool.

Griffiths, A.B., Dennis, R. & Potts, G.W., (1979). Mortality associated with a phytoplankton bloom off Penzance in Mount's Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 515-528.

Hammer, L., (1972). Anaerobiosis in marine algae and marine phanerograms. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Seaweed Symposium, Sapporo, Japan, August 8-12, 1971 (ed. K. Nisizawa, S. Arasaki, Chihara, M., Hirose, H., Nakamura V., Tsuchiya, Y.), pp. 414-419. Tokyo: Tokyo University Press.

Harlin, M.M., & Lindbergh, J.M., (1977). Selection of substrata by seaweed: optimal surface relief. Marine Biology, 40, 33-40.

Hartnoll, R.G., (1977). Reproductive strategy in two British species of Alcyonium. In Biology of benthic organisms, (ed. B.F. Keegan, P.O Ceidigh & P.J.S. Boaden), pp. 321-328. New York: Pergamon Press.

Hartnoll, R.G., (1975). The annual cycle of Alcyonium digitatum. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 3, 71-78

Hartnoll, R.G., (1998). Volume VIII. Circalittoral faunal turf biotopes: An overview of dynamics and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Scottish Association of Marine Sciences, Oban, Scotland. [UK Marine SAC Project. Natura 2000 reports.]

Hay, M.E., Duffey, E.J., Pfister, C.A. & Fenical. W., (1987). Chemical defence against different marine herbivores: are amphipods insect equivalents? Ecology, 68, 1567-1580.

Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (1998). Cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 10. (2nd edition)]

Hickson, J.S., (1901). Liverpool Marine Biological Committee Memoirs Number V. Alcyonium. Proceedings and Transactions of the Liverpool Biological Society, 15, 92-113.

Hiscock, K., (1994). Marine communities at Lundy - origins, longevity and change. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 51, 183-188.

Hoare, R. & Hiscock, K., (1974). An ecological survey of the rocky coast adjacent to the effluent of a bromine extraction plant. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 2, 329-348.

Hughes, R.G., (1977). Aspects of the biology and life-history of Nemertesia antennina (L.) (Hydrozoa: Plumulariidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 641-657.

Irvine, L. M. & Chamberlain, Y. M., (1994). Seaweeds of the British Isles, vol. 1. Rhodophyta, Part 2B Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Jones, N.S. & Kain, J.M., (1967). Subtidal algal recolonisation following removal of Echinus. Helgolander Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15, 460-466.

Kain, J.M., (1979). A view of the genus Laminaria. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 17, 101-161.

Kain, J.M., (1987). Photoperiod and temperature as triggers in the seasonality of Delesseria sanguinea. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 41, 355-370.

Kain, J.M., (1991). The dithering males of Delesseria. British Phycological Journal, 26, 90.

Kain, J.M., (1975). Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., (1996). Photoperiodism in Delesseria sanguinea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) 1. The phases and sexes differ. Phycologia, 35, 446-455.

Kain, J.M., Drew, E.A. & Jupp, B.P., (1975). Light and the ecology of Laminaria hyperborea II. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium of the British Ecological Society, 26-28 March 1974. Light as an Ecological Factor: II (ed. G.C. Evans, R. Bainbridge & O. Rackham), pp. 63-92. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Lee, R.E., (1971). Systemic viral material in the cells of the freshwater alga Sirodotia tenuissima (Holden) Skuja. Journal of Cell Science, 8, 623-631.

Littler, M.M., & Kauker, B.J., (1984). Heterotrichy and survival strategies in the red alga Corallina officinalis L. Botanica Marina, 27, 37-44.

Lobban, C.S. & Harrison, P.J., (1997). Seaweed ecology and physiology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lundälv, T., (1990). Effects of eutrophication and plankton blooms in waters bordering the Swedish west coast - an overview. Water Pollution Research Reports, 12, 195-213.

MacBride, E.W., (1914). Textbook of Embryology, Vol. I, Invertebrata. London: MacMillan & Co.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H., (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles: Volume 1 Rhodophycota Part 3A Ceramiales. London: Natural History Museum, Her Majesty's Stationary Office.

Molenaar, F.J. & Breeman, A.M., (1997). Latitudinal trends in the growth and reproductive seasonality of Delesseria sanguinea, Membranoptera alata, and Phycodrys rubens (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology, 33, 330-343.

Moore, P.G., (1977a). Inorganic particulate suspensions in the sea and their effects on marine animals. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 15, 225-363.

Nichols, D., (1984). An investigation of the population dynamics of the common edible sea urchin (Echinus esculentus L.) in relation to species conservation management. Report to Department of the Environment and Nature Conservancy Council from the Department of Biological Sciences, University of Exeter.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Ockelmann, K.W. & Nielsen, C., (1981). On the biology of the prosobranch Lacuna parva in the Oeresund. Ophelia, 20, 1-16.

Rai, L., Gaur, J.P. & Kumar, H.D., (1981). Phycology and heavy-metal pollution. Biological Reviews, 56, 99-151.

Rice, H., Leighty, D.A. & McLeod, G.C., (1973). The effects of some trace metals on marine phytoplankton. CRC Critical Review in Microbiology, 3, 27-49.

Ryland, J.S., (1976). Physiology and ecology of marine bryozoans. Advances in Marine Biology, 14, 285-443.

Seapy , R.R. & Littler, M.M., (1982). Population and Species Diversity Fluctuations in a Rocky Intertidal Community Relative to Severe Aerial Exposure and Sediment Burial. Marine Biology, 71, 87-96.

Sebens, K.P., (1986). Spatial relationships among encrusting marine organisms in the New England subtidal zone. Ecological Monographs, 56, 73-96.

Sebens, K.P., (1985). Community ecology of vertical rock walls in the Gulf of Maine: small-scale processes and alternative community states. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), pp. 346-371. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.

Smith, J.E. (ed.), (1968). 'Torrey Canyon'. Pollution and marine life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Solé-Cava, A.M., Thorpe, J.P. & Todd, C.D., (1994). High genetic similarity between geographically distant populations in a sea anemone with low dispersal capabilities. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 74, 895-902.

Stickle, W.B. & Diehl, W.J., (1987). Effects of salinity on echinoderms. In Echinoderm Studies, Vol. 2, (ed. M. Jangoux & J.M. Lawrence), pp. 235-285.

Tyler, P.A. & Young, C.M., (1998). Temperature and pressures tolerances in dispersal stages of the genus Echinus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea): prerequisites for deep sea invasion and speciation. Deep Sea Research II, 45, 253-277

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

Vost, L.M., (1983). The influence of Echinus esculentus grazing on subtidal algal communities. British Phycological Journal, 18, 211.