Biodiversity & Conservation

Habitat bibliography

Barbera C., Bordehore C., Borg J.A., Glemarec M., Grall J., Hall-Spencer J.M., De la Huz C., Lanfranco E., Lastra M., Moore P.G., Mora J., Pita M.E., Ramos-Espla A.A., Rizzo M., Sanchez-Mata A., Seva A., Schembri P.J. and Valle C. (2003). Conservation and managment of northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean maerl beds. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 13, S65-S76.

Beaumont, A.R., Newman, P.B., Mills, D.K., Waldock, M.J., Miller, D. & Waite, M.E., (1989). Sandy-substrate microcosm studies on tributyl tin (TBT) toxicity to marine organisms. Scientia Marina, 53, 737-743.

Beukema, J.J. & de Vlas, J., (1979). Population parameters of the lugworm, Arenicola marina, living on tidal flats in the Dutch Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 13, 331-353.

Birkett, D.A., Maggs, C.A. & Dring, M.J., (1998a). Maerl. an overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Natura 2000 report prepared by Scottish Association of Marine Science (SAMS) for the UK Marine SACs Project., Scottish Association for Marine Science. (UK Marine SACs Project, vol V.)., http://www.ukmarinesac.org.uk/publications.htm

Boalch, G.T., (1979). The dinoflagellate bloom on the coast of south-west England, August to September 1978. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 515-517.

Bosence D. and Wilson J. (2003). Maerl growth, carbonate production rates and accumulation rates in the northeast Atlantic. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 13, S21-S31.

Boström, C. & Bonsdorff, E., (2000). Zoobenthic community establishment and habitat complexity - the importance of seagrass shoot density, morphology and physical disturbance for faunal recruitment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205, 123-138.

Bryan, G.W., (1984). Pollution due to heavy metals and their compounds. In Marine Ecology: A Comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on Life in the Oceans and Coastal Waters, vol. 5. Ocean Management, part 3, (ed. O. Kinne), pp.1289-1431. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Buchanan, J.B., (1967). Dispersion and demography of some infaunal echinoderm populations. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, 20, 1-11.

Cabioch, L., (1968). Contribution a la connaissance des peuplements benthiques de la Manche occidentale. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 9, 493 - 720.

Cabioch, L., Dauvin, J.C. & Gentil, F., (1978). Preliminary observations on pollution of the sea bed and disturbance of sub-littoral communities in northern Brittany by oil from the Amoco Cadiz. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 9, 303-307.

Connor, D.W., Allen, J.H., Golding, N., Howell, K.L., Lieberknecht, L.M., Northen, K.O. & Reker, J.B., (2004). The Marine Habitat Classification for Britain and Ireland. Version 04.05. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. www.jncc.gov.uk/MarineHabitatClassification,

Connor, D.W., Brazier, D.P., Hill, T.O., & Northen, K.O., (1997b). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 1. Littoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 229, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report No. 230, Version 97.06.

Connor, D.W., Dalkin, M.J., Hill, T.O., Holt, R.H.F. & Sanderson, W.G., (1997a). Marine biotope classification for Britain and Ireland. Vol. 2. Sublittoral biotopes. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06., Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, JNCC Report no. 230, Version 97.06.

Dauvin, J.C., (1985). Dynamics and production of a population of Venus ovata (Pennant) (Mollusca-Bivalvia) of Morlaix Bay (western English Channel). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 91, 109-123.

Dauvin, J.C., (1998). The fine sand Abra alba community of the Bay of Morlaix twenty years after the Amoco Cadiz oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36, 669-676.

De Grave S. and Whitaker A. (1999). Benthic community re-adjustment following dredging of a muddy-maerl matrix. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38(2), 102-108.

De Grave S., (1999). The influence of sedimentary heterogeneity on within maerl bed differences in infaunal crustacean community Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 49(1), 153-163.

Diaz, R.J. & Rosenberg, R., (1995). Marine benthic hypoxia: a review of its ecological effects and the behavioural responses of benthic macrofauna. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 245-303.

Dow, R.L. & Wallace, D.E., (1961). The soft-shell clam industry of Maine. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, Circular no. 110., U.S.A: Washington D.C.

Dyer M. and Worsfold T. (1998). Comparative maerl surveys in Falmouth Bay. Report to English Nature from Unicomarine Ltd., Letchworth: Unicomarine Ltd

Emerson, C.W. & Grant, J., (1991). The control of soft-shell clam (Mya arenaria) recruitment on intertidal sandflats by bedload sediment transport. Limnology and Oceanography, 36, 1288-1300.

Fish, J.D. & Fish, S., (1996). A student's guide to the seashore. Second edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Forster, G.R., (1979). Mortality of the bottom fauna and fish in St Austell Bay and neighbouring areas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 517-520.

Gili, J-M. & Hughes, R.G., (1995). The ecology of marine benthic hydroids. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 351-426.

Grall J. and Hall-Spencer J.M. (2003). Problems facing maerl conservation in Brittany. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 13, S55-S64.

Grall J., Le Loc'h F., Guyonnet B. & Riera P. (2006). Community structure and food web based on stable isotopes (δ 15N and δ 13C) analysis of a North Eastern Atlantic maerl bed. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 338(1), 1-15.

Griffiths, A.B., Dennis, R. & Potts, G.W., (1979). Mortality associated with a phytoplankton bloom off Penzance in Mount's Bay. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 59, 515-528.

Guillou, J. & Sauriau, F.G., (1985). Some observations on the biology and ecology of a Venus striatula population in the Bay of Douarnenez, Brittany. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 889-900.

Hall-Spencer J., Kelly J. and Maggs C. (2010). Background document for Maerl Beds. OSPAR Commission, The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (DEHLG), Ireland

Hall-Spencer J., White N., Gillespie E., Gillham K. and Foggo A. (2006). Impact of fish farms on maerl beds in strongly tidal areas. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 326, 1-9

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Atkinson, R.J.A., (1999). Upogebia deltaura (Crustacea: Thalassinidea) in Clyde Sea maerl beds, Scotland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 871-880.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., (2000a). Impact of scallop dredging on maerl grounds. In Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats. (ed. M.J. Kaiser & S.J., de Groot) 105-117. Oxford: Blackwell Science.

Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., (2000c). Scallop dredging has profound, long-term impacts on maerl habitats. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 1407-1415.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., (1998). Conservation issues relating to maerl beds as habitats for molluscs. Journal of Conchology Special Publication, 2, 271-286.

Hall-Spencer, J.M., Grall, J., Moore, P.G. & Atkinson, R.J.A., (2003). Bivalve fishing and maerl-bed conservation in France and the UK - retrospect and prospect. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 13, Suppl. 1 S33-S41.

Hauton, C., Hall-Spencer, J.M. & Moore, P.G., (2003). An experimental study of the ecological impacts of hydraulic bivalve dredging on maerl. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 60, 381-392.

Holt, T.J., Hartnoll, R.G. & Hawkins, S.J., (1997). The sensitivity and vulnerability to man-induced change of selected communities: intertidal brown algal shrubs, Zostera beds and Sabellaria spinulosa reefs. English Nature, Peterborough, English Nature Research Report No. 234.

Holt, T.J., Jones, D.R., Hawkins, S.J. & Hartnoll, R.G., (1995). The sensitivity of marine communities to man induced change - a scoping report. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor, Contract Science Report, no. 65.

Hughes, R.G., (1977). Aspects of the biology and life-history of Nemertesia antennina (L.) (Hydrozoa: Plumulariidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 641-657.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. (2003). Substratum heterogeneity of dredged vs un-dredged maerl grounds. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 83(02), 411-413.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. (2004a). Attachment of the juvenile queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis (L.)) to maerl in mesocosm conditions; juvenile habitat selection. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 306(2), 139-155.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. (2004b). Maerl grounds provide both refuge and high growth potential for juvenile queen scallops (Aequipecten opercularis L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 313(2), 241-254.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. (2004c). Nursery-area function of maerl grounds for juvenile queen scallops Aequipecten opercularis and other invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 274, 183-189.

Keegan, B.F., (1974). The macro fauna of maerl substrates on the west coast of Ireland. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, XV, 513-530.

Maurer, D., Keck, R.T., Tinsman, J.C., Leatham, W.A., Wethe, C., Lord, C. & Church, T.M., (1986). Vertical migration and mortality of marine benthos in dredged material: a synthesis. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, 71, 49-63.

Mills, E.L., (1967). The biology of an ampeliscid amphipod crustacean sibling species pair. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 24, 305-355.

Norton, T.A., (1992). Dispersal by macroalgae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 293-301.

Nunn, J., (1997). The molluscan fauna associated with Maerl Conchologists' Newsletter, 125, 161-167.

O'Brien, P.J. & Dixon, P.S., (1976). Effects of oils and oil components on algae: a review. British Phycological Journal, 11, 115-142.

Olafsson, E.B., Peterson, C.H. & Ambrose, W.G. Jr., (1994). Does recruitment limitation structure populations and communities of macro-invertebrates in marine soft sediments: the relative significance of pre- and post-settlement processes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 32, 65-109

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Poggiale, J.C. & Dauvin, J.C., (2001). Long term dynamics of three benthic Ampelisca (Crustacea - Amphipoda) populations from the Bay of Morlaix (western English Channel) related to their disappearance after the Amoco Cadiz oil spill. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 214, 201-209.

Rosenberg, R. & Loo, L., (1988). Marine eutrophication induced oxygen deficiency: effects on soft bottom fauna, western Sweden. Ophelia, 29, 213-225.

Rostron, D., (1985). Surveys of harbours, rias and estuaries in southern Britain: Falmouth. Volume 1. A report to the NCC by the Field Studies Council Oil Pollution Research Unit, Orielton Field Centre, Pembroke, Dyfed.

Schiel, D.R. & Foster, M.S., (1986). The structure of subtidal algal stands in temperate waters. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 24, 265-307.

Smith T.B. & Keegan, B.F., (1985). Seasonal torpor in Neopentadactyla mixta (Ostergren) (Holothuroidea: Dendrochirotida). In Proceedings of the Fifth International Echinoderm Conference. Galway, 24-29 September 1984. Echinodermata., Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.

Strömgren, T., (1979b). The effect of zinc on the increase in length of five species of intertidal Fucales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 40, 95-102.

Strömgren, T., (1979a). The effect of copper on the increase in length of Ascophyllum nodosum. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 37, 153-159.

Strasser, M., (1999). Mya arenaria - an ancient invader of the North Sea coast. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 52, 309-324.

Strasser, M., Walensky, M. & Reise, K., (1999). Juvenile-adult distribution of the bivalve Mya arenaria on intertidal flats in the Wadden Sea: why are there so few year classes. Helgoland Marine Research, 53, 45-55.

Suchanek, T.H., (1993). Oil impacts on marine invertebrate populations and communities. American Zoologist, 33, 510-523.

Svane, I, Havenhund, J.N. & Jorgensen, A.J., (1987). Effects of tissue extract of adults on metamorphosis in Ascidia mentula O.F. Mueller and Ascidiella scabra (O.F. Müller). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 110, 171-181.

Svane, I., (1988). Recruitment and development of epibioses on artificial and cleared substrata at two site in Gullmarsfjorden on the Swedish west coast. Ophelia, 29, 25-41.

Vadas, R.L., Johnson, S. & Norton, T.A., (1992). Recruitment and mortality of early post-settlement stages of benthic algae. British Phycological Journal, 27, 331-351.

Wilson S., Blake C., Berges J.A. and Maggs C.A. (2004). Environmental tolerances of free-living coralline algae (maerl): implications for European marine conservation. Biological Conservation, 120(2), 279-289.