|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Keith Hiscock - A mat of the filamentous bacterium Beggiatoa spp. Image width ca 10 cm.
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SS.SMu.IFiMu.Beg recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
|National importance||Not available|
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Large shallow inlets and bays
Hypoxic conditions and the resultant death or morbidity of macrofauna may benefit scavenging species such as Asterias rubens and Carcinus maenas. However, as oxygen levels drop, they too are excluded. Remineralisation of organic matter in the sediment, and of sulphur by Beggiatoa sp. are probably important processes in nutrient cycling with isolated habitats. In habitats in which the sediment is isolated from surface waters by reduced water flow or mixing (e.g. due to a thermocline), restoration of water mixing probably releases inorganic nutrients to the wider ecosystem.
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This review can be cited as follows:
Hill, J.M. 2002. Beggiatoa spp. on anoxic sublittoral mud. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 01/10/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=181&code=2004>