|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Keith Hiscock - Current swept bed of Zostera marina. Image width ca 2 m in foreground.
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SS.SMp.SSgr.Zmar recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
UK Biodiversity Action Plan
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide
Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time
Large shallow inlets and bays
Intertidal and probably shallow subtidal Zostera marina beds provide food for a variety of wildfowl. Brent and Canadian geese rely on Zostera marina for a large proportion of their food. Declines in Brent geese and wigeon parallel the decline of Zostera marina. Little evidence to support the hypothesis that Zostera marina beds are nursery areas for fish
The presence of seagrass beds reduces water flow and increases sedimentation in their locality and may be important in coastal defense. Their loss may increase wave energy reaching the shore and accelerate erosion. Zostera marina is also protected under the Berne convention.
This review can be cited as follows:
Tyler-Walters, H. & Wilding, C.M. 2008. Zostera marina/angustifolia beds in lower shore or infralittoral clean or muddy sand. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 11/03/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=257&code=2004>