|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image David Connor - Flustra foliacea and other hydroid/bryozoan turf species on slightly scoured circalittoral rock or mixed substrata. Image width ca 10 cm.
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CR.HCR.XFa.FluCoAs recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
|National importance||Not available|
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Reefs
Large shallow inlets and bays
Faunal turf habitats are dominated by suspension feeding invertebrates and probably have an important role in marine food webs by transferring primary productivity from the photic zone and the plankton or shallow coastal water macroalgae to the benthos, so called termed 'benthic-pelagic' coupling (Gili & Hughes, 1995). For example, the hydroid species of Obelia were shown to regulate the production of local copepod populations, whereas the hydroid Campanularia everta was shown to transfer 1528 mg C /m²/yr of energy to its own biomass (Gili & Hughes, 1995). In well mixed of strongly following waters suspension feeders may significantly deplete the concentration of seston (organic particulates and phytoplankton) (Hartnoll, 1998) as has been shown over horse mussel beds (see MCR.ModT). Although little studied, suspension feeding faunal turfs probably have a very important role in benthic ecosystems. Circalittoral faunal turfs probably provide refuges from predation for juvenile sea urchins and brittlestars, juvenile fish and crabs (Hartnoll, 1998) as well as other invertebrates.
Crabs, crawfish and lobster may be subject to harvesting by pots, creels, or fixed bottom-set nets in circalittoral faunal biotopes (Hartnoll, 1998).
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This review can be cited as follows:
Tyler-Walters, H. 2002. Flustra foliacea and other hydroid/bryozoan turf species on slightly scoured circalittoral rock or mixed substrata. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 17/09/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=267&code=2004>