|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Keith Hiscock - Molgula manhattensis dominated seabed, middle channel with associated common starfish Asterias rubens. Image width ca 50 cm.
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CR.HCR.XFa.Mol recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Reefs
Large shallow inlets and bays
Apart from the provision of shelter for small benthos and, for a small number of benthic predators, food, the community is not believed to be important for other (demersal or pelagic) species.
This review can be cited as follows:
Hiscock, K. 2002. Molgula manhattensis and Polycarpa spp. with erect sponges on tide-swept moderately exposed circalittoral rock. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 19/04/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=305&code=2004>