|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Keith Hiscock - Molgula manhattensis dominated seabed, middle channel with associated common starfish Asterias rubens. Image width ca 50 cm.
Image copyright information
CR.HCR.XFa.Mol recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Reefs
Large shallow inlets and bays
Apart from the provision of shelter for small benthos and, for a small number of benthic predators, food, the community is not believed to be important for other (demersal or pelagic) species.
This review can be cited as follows:
Hiscock, K. 2002. Molgula manhattensis and Polycarpa spp. with erect sponges on tide-swept moderately exposed circalittoral rock. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 12/03/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=305&code=2004>