|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Rohan Holt - Bedrock with the sea fan Eunicella verrucosa, the soft coral Alcyonium glomeratum and the stalked sponge Raspailia ramosa amongst a hydroid turf. Image width ca 1.0 m.
Image copyright information
CR.HCR.XFa.ByErSp.Eun recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
|National importance||Not available|
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Reefs
Large shallow inlets and bays
The biotope is quite species rich and has some complex species interactions. The biotope may have some importance for mobile predators and scavengers such as fish and crabs that may pass through.
Eunicella verrucosa is protected under schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 against killing, injuring, taking possession and sale and is the subject of a UK Biodiversity Action Plan. Echinus esculentus, a characterizing species in the biotope, is listed under Schedule 7 of The Wildlife (NI) Order as an animal that must not be sold alive or dead at any time.)
This review can be cited as follows:
Jackson, A. & Hiscock, K. 2000. Erect sponges, Eunicella verrucosa and Pentapora fascialis on slightly tide-swept moderately exposed circalittoral rock.. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 02/08/2015]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=77&code=2004>