|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Roger Covey - Yellow and grey lichens on supralittoral rock. Image width ca XX m.
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LR.L.YG recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
EC Habitats Directive
UK Biodiversity Action Plan
|Habitat Directive feature (Annex 1)||Reefs
Large shallow inlets and bays
Lichen communities probably represent an important source of primary productivity and refuge in the otherwise harsh and barren environment of supralittoral rock. Fletcher (1980) considered rocky shores to be one of the most important habitats for lichens in Britain since almost 450 species of lichen inhabit the littoral and supralittoral rocks around Britain, representing about one third of the lichen flora of Britain, Lichen communities harbour a diverse invertebrate fauna that could potentially provide food for insectivorous birds (e.g. rock pipit). However, little other information was found.
Lichens have proved to be important indicators of air quality, although primarily in terrestrial ecosystems (James & Syratt, 1987; Richardson, 1992; NHM, 2002).
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This review can be cited as follows:
Tyler-Walters, H. 2002. Yellow and grey lichens on supralittoral rock. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 29/03/2015]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatimportance.php?habitatid=96&code=1997>