|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Anon. - Laminaria hyperborea forest with dense foliose red seaweeds on exposed upper infralittoral rock (EIR.LhypR.Ft). Image width ca 3 m in foreground.
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IR.EIR.KFaR.LhypR recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
Temperature range preferences - 2 °C(winter) to 19 °C(summer).
Water clarity preferences - Very high clarity / Very low turbidity
High clarity / Low turbidity
Medium clarity / Medium turbidity
Limiting Nutrients - Nitrogen (nitrates)
Other preferences -
Van den Hoek (1982) suggested that the distribution of Laminaria hyperborea, and hence its associated biotope, was limited by temperatures between the 2 °C winter isotherm in the north and the 19 °C summer isotherm in the south.
This review can be cited as follows:
Tyler-Walters, H. 2005. Laminaria hyperborea with dense foliose red seaweeds on exposed infralittoral rock.. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 28/08/2015]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatpreferences.php?habitatid=171&code=1997>