|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Keith Hiscock - A mat of the filamentous bacterium Beggiatoa spp. Image width ca 10 cm.
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SS.SMu.IFiMu.Beg recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
Temperature range preferences -
Water clarity preferences - No preference
Limiting Nutrients - Not relevant
Other preferences - High organic content, low oxygen and sulphides
Mats of Beggiatoa spp. occur on the surface of organic rich, anoxic sediments, at the hypoxic/anoxic interface, and oxidize sulphides to sulphates. For example Bernhard et al. (2000) reported mats of Beggiatoa spp. on the surface of sediments at a depth of ca 600m, in which the oxygen concentration was < 1µM (ca 0.02 µl/l) in the top 2-3 cm of sediment and sulphide concentrations were >0.1 µM.
This review can be cited as follows:
Hill, J.M. 2002. Beggiatoa spp. on anoxic sublittoral mud. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 10/03/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatpreferences.php?habitatid=181&code=2004>