Biodiversity & Conservation

Philine aperta and Virgularia mirabilis in soft stable infralittoral mud

SS.IMU.MarMu.PhiVir


IMU.PhiVir

Image Rohan Holt - Dense Virgularia and Sagartiogeton. Image with ca XX cm.
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Distribution map

SS.IMU.MarMu.PhiVir recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)


  • EC_Habitats

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

In the UK this biotope is almost confined to the most sheltered basins of certain sea lochs, with one further example known from Portland Harbour in southern England.

Habitat preferences

Temperature range preferences -

Water clarity preferences - No information found

Limiting Nutrients - Nitrogen (nitrates)
Phosphorus (phosphates)

Other preferences -

Additional information

This biotope can be found in water less than 10 m deep in the sheltered inner basins of some sea lochs (Howson et al., 1994)


This review can be cited as follows:

Hill, J.M. & Wilson, E. 2005. Philine aperta and Virgularia mirabilis in soft stable infralittoral mud. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 20/09/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatpreferences.php?habitatid=202&code=1997>