Biodiversity & Conservation

Urticina felina on sand-affected circalittoral rock



Image Keith Hiscock - Urticina felina and Ciocalypta penicillus on sand-covered circalittoral rock (MCR.Urt.Cio). Image width ca 60 cm.
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Distribution map

CR.MCR.ByH.Urt recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)

  • EC_Habitats

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

Recorded from a few locations in south-west Britain as far north as the Sarns in west Wales with isolated records on the west and east coast of Ireland. Probably more widely occurring than indicated.

Habitat preferences

Temperature range preferences -

Limiting Nutrients -

Other preferences -

Additional information

Rocky substratum biotopes covered or partly covered by sand occur at locations all around Britain and Ireland and share many characteristic species with MCR.Urt.Cio. However, the presence of the sponge Ciocalypta penicillus, a southern species, means that MCR.Urt.Cio is restricted to southern England, Wales and Ireland.

This review can be cited as follows:

Hiscock, K. 2002. Urticina felina on sand-affected circalittoral rock. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 29/11/2015]. Available from: <>