|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Kathy Duncan - Puccinellia maritima salt marsh. Image width ca 5 m.
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LS.LMU.Sm.SM13 recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
Temperature range preferences - Data deficient
Water clarity preferences - Not relevant
Limiting Nutrients - Nitrogen (nitrates)
Other preferences - Waterlogged, saline soil.
Nitrogen was reported to be limiting in many salt marsh ecosystems and added nitrogen resulted in increased primary production, decomposition and animal growth rates (Valiela & Teal, 1974; Long & Mason, 1983). Vascular plants communities are exposed to greater fluctuations in day and night temperatures than their marine counterparts, and are probably tolerant. In addition, flood tides result in temperatures shocks, e.g. in winter the frozen marsh surface may be exposed to tidal waters 10 °C warmer. Although temperature shock probably has physiological effects, they have not been studied (Adam, 1993).
This review can be cited as follows:
Tyler-Walters, H. 2004. Puccinellia maritima salt marsh community. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 20/04/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatpreferences.php?habitatid=350&code=1997>