|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Anon. - Echinocardium cordatum dug out of sand. Image width ca XX cm.
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SS.IMS.FaMS.EcorEns recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
|Distribution of biotope in Britain and Ireland||Recorded from most coasts of Britain and Ireland except the Norfolk coast and the south east of England.|
For a full description of this biotope including characterizing species, distribution, survey information and references visit JNCC
Sheltered lower shore and shallow sublittoral sediments of sand or muddy fine sand in fully marine conditions, support populations of the urchin Echinocardium cordatum and the razor shell Ensis siliqua or Ensis arcuatus. A rich variety of polychaetes, such as Notomastus latericeus, Mediomastus fragilis and Scoloplos armiger, may occur in abundance. Bivalves such as Mysella bidentata, Tellimya ferruginosa, Dosinia lupinus, Chamelea gallina and Gari fervensis are typical of this habitat (but may not be present all at once), as are the predatory worms Pholoe inornata and Harmothoe spp. Seagrass Zostera marina may occur in low density (see also IMS.Zmar). Amphiura brachiata is common in fine sandy sediments and Labidoplax media in slightly muddier sediments. This biotope is currently broadly defined and needs further consideration, especially in relation to IGS.FabMag and IMS.MacAbr. (Information taken from the Marine Biotope Classification for Britain and Ireland, Version 97.06: Connor et al., 1997a, b).
This review can be cited as follows:
Hill, J.M. 2007. Echinocardium cordatum and Ensis spp. in lower shore or shallow sublittoral muddy fine sand.. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 28/07/2015]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsbasicinfo.php?habitatid=124&code=1997>