|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Dale Cartlidge - Green seaweeds (Enteromorpha spp. and Cladophora spp.) in upper shore rockpools Image width ca 1m.
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LR.LR.Rkp.G recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
|Distribution of biotope in Britain and Ireland||On rocky coasts around Britain and Ireland.|
For a full description of this biotope including characterizing species, distribution, survey information and references visit JNCC
Rockpools in the supralittoral, littoral fringe or upper eulittoral which are subject to variable salinity and widely fluctuating temperatures are characterized by the ephemeral green alga Ulva spp. or the filamentous green alga Cladophora spp. Due to the physical stress imposed on these upper shore pools, grazing molluscs are generally in lower abundance than eulittoral pools, allowing the green algae to proliferate under reduced grazing pressures. The rock surface is often covered by the black lichen Verrucaria maura. On more exposed shores crevices in the rock may contain small Mytilus edulis. The bright orange copepod Tigriopus fulvus is tolerant of large salinity fluctuations and may also occur in large numbers in these upper shore pools. (Information taken from the Marine Biotope Classification for Britain and Ireland, Version 97.06: Connor et al., 1997a, b).
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This review can be cited as follows:
Budd, G.C. 2002. Green seaweeds (Ulva spp. and Cladophora spp.) in upper shore rockpools. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 31/10/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsbasicinfo.php?habitatid=246&code=1997>