|Basic Information||Biotope classification||Ecology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Species composition||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image David George - View across shore showing extensive kelp beds on chalk. Image width ca 4 m.
Image copyright information
IR.MIR.KR.Ldig.Pid recorded () and expected () distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)
|Distribution of biotope in Britain and Ireland||Recorded from a few sites on the south Kent coast and north Wales.|
For a full description of this biotope including characterizing species, distribution, survey information and references visit JNCC
Soft rock, such as chalk, in the sublittoral fringe characterized by Laminaria digitata and rock-boring animals such as piddocks (Barnea candida, Pholas dactylus and Petricola pholadiformis), the bivalve Hiatella arctica and worms Polydora spp. Beneath the kelp forest, a wide variety of red seaweeds, including Corallina officinalis, Palmaria palmata, Chondrus crispus, Membranoptera alata and Halurus flosculosus, may occur. Empty piddock burrows are often colonised by the anemones Sagartia elegans or by the sand-tube building worm Sabellaria spinulosa. The undersides of small chalk boulders are colonised by encrusting bryozoans, colonial ascidians and the keel worm Pomatoceros lamarcki. The boulders and any crevices within the chalk provide a refuge for small crustaceans such as Carcinus maenas, young Cancer pagurus, Pagurus bernhardus and Porcellana platycheles. (Information taken from the Marine Biotope Classification for Britain and Ireland, Version 97.06: Connor et al., 1997a, b).
This review can be cited as follows:
Hill, J.M. 2008. Laminaria digitata and piddocks on sublittoral fringe soft rock. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 29/07/2015]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsbasicinfo.php?habitatid=26&code=1997>