Biodiversity & Conservation

Burrowing anemones in sublittoral muddy gravel


Burrowing anemones in sublittoral muddy gravel
Distribution map

SS.SMx.CMx.ClloMx recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)

  • EC_Habitats
  • UK_BAP

Text page icon Habitat description

Map icon Distribution of biotope in Britain and Ireland Recorded from the Isles of Scilly, Skomer, Lundy and Kilkeiran Bay.
National importance Not available

Text page icon Description of biotope

For a full description of this biotope including characterizing species, distribution, survey information and references visit JNCC

Sublittoral muddy gravel or shell gravel can contain conspicuous communities of burrowing anemones such as Mesacmaea mitchellii, Aureliania heterocera, Cereus pedunculatus and Cerianthus lloydii. Some ascidians such as Corella parallelogramma may also be present in the substratum if surface features such as shell material is large enough. There may be more than one variety of this biotope, influenced by the strength of the currents and the composition of the sediment. (Information taken from the Marine Biotope Classification for Britain and Ireland, Version 97.06: Connor et al., 1997a, b).

Additional information icon Additional information

This review can be cited as follows:

Hill, J.M. 2001. Burrowing anemones in sublittoral muddy gravel. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 30/11/2015]. Available from: <>