Biodiversity & Conservation

Semi-permanent tube-building amphipods and polychaetes in sublittoral mud or muddy sand

SS.IMU.MarMu.TubeAP


Semi-permanent tube-building amphipods and polychaetes in sublittoral mud or muddy sand
Distribution map

SS.IMU.MarMu.TubeAP recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)


  • EC_Habitats

Habitat sensitivity

Physical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Substratum Loss High High Moderate Major decline High
Smothering Intermediate High Low No change Low
Increase in suspended sediment Low Very high Very low No change Low
Decrease in suspended sediment Low Very high Very low No change Low
Desiccation Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Increase in emergence regime Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Decrease in emergence regime Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Increase in water flow rate Intermediate High Low Decline Low
Decrease in water flow rate Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Increase in temperature Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Decrease in temperature Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Increase in turbidity Low Very high Very low No change Low
Decrease in turbidity Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Increase in wave exposure High High Moderate Decline Low
Decrease in wave exposure Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change Low
Noise Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Visual Presence Low Very high Very low No change Moderate
Abrasion & physical disturbance Intermediate High Low No change Low
Displacement Low Very high Very low No change Moderate

Chemical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Synthetic compound contamination High High Moderate Decline High
Heavy metal contamination Intermediate Moderate Moderate Decline Moderate
Hydrocarbon contamination High Low High Decline High
Radionuclide contamination Insufficient information Not relevant Insufficient information Insufficient Information Not relevant
Changes in nutrient levels Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Increase in salinity Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Decrease in salinity Low Very high Very low Minor decline Very low
Changes in oxygenation High High Moderate Decline Moderate

Biological Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasites Insufficient information Not relevant Insufficient information Not relevant Not relevant
Introduction of non-native species Insufficient information Not relevant Insufficient information Insufficient Information Not relevant
Extraction of this species Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant
Extraction of other species Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant

Species used to indicate biotope intolerance

Physical factors

Polydora ciliata
Key functional
Spiophanes bombyx
Key functional
Substratum LossHighHigh
SmotheringTolerantLow
Increase in suspended sedimentTolerantTolerant
Decrease in suspended sedimentLow
DesiccationIntermediateIntermediate
Increase in emergence regimeIntermediateIntermediate
Decrease in emergence regimeTolerant*
Increase in water flow rateIntermediateHigh
Decrease in water flow rateTolerant*
Increase in temperatureLowLow
Decrease in temperatureLow
Increase in turbidityTolerantTolerant
Decrease in turbidityTolerant
Increase in wave exposureLowHigh
Decrease in wave exposureTolerant
NoiseTolerantInsufficient information
Visual PresenceLowInsufficient information
Abrasion & physical disturbanceIntermediateIntermediate
DisplacementLowLow

Chemical factors

Polydora ciliata
Key functional
Spiophanes bombyx
Key functional
Synthetic compound contaminationLowHigh
Heavy metal contaminationIntermediateIntermediate
Hydrocarbon contaminationIntermediateIntermediate
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsLowLow
Increase in salinityLowNot relevant
Decrease in salinityLow
Changes in oxygenationLowIntermediate

Biological factors

Polydora ciliata
Key functional
Spiophanes bombyx
Key functional
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Extraction of this speciesLowInsufficient information
Extraction of other speciesNot relevantIntermediate

Species used to indicate biotope recoverability

Physical factors

Polydora ciliata
Key functional
Spiophanes bombyx
Key functional
Substratum LossHighHigh
SmotheringNot relevantHigh
Increase in suspended sedimentNot relevantNot relevant
Decrease in suspended sedimentImmediate
DesiccationHighHigh
Increase in emergence regimeHighHigh
Decrease in emergence regimeNot relevant
Increase in water flow rateHighHigh
Decrease in water flow rateNot relevant
Increase in temperatureHighVery high
Decrease in temperatureVery high
Increase in turbidityNot relevantNot relevant
Decrease in turbidityNot relevant
Increase in wave exposureHighHigh
Decrease in wave exposureNot relevant
NoiseNot relevantNot relevant
Visual PresenceHighNot relevant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceHighVery high
DisplacementHighVery high

Chemical factors

Polydora ciliata
Key functional
Spiophanes bombyx
Key functional
Synthetic compound contaminationHighHigh
Heavy metal contaminationHighHigh
Hydrocarbon contaminationHighHigh
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient informationNot relevant
Changes in nutrient levelsHighHigh
Increase in salinityHighNot relevant
Decrease in salinityHigh
Changes in oxygenationHighHigh

Biological factors

Polydora ciliata
Key functional
Spiophanes bombyx
Key functional
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesNot relevantNot relevant
Introduction of non-native speciesInsufficient informationNot relevant
Extraction of this speciesHighNot relevant
Extraction of other speciesNot relevantHigh

This review can be cited as follows:

Rayment, W.J. 2002. Semi-permanent tube-building amphipods and polychaetes in sublittoral mud or muddy sand. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 28/07/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsensitivity.php?habitatid=136&code=1997>