Biodiversity & Conservation

Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock

IR.MIR.SedK.SabKR


<i>%Sabellaria spinulosa%</i> with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock
Distribution map

IR.MIR.SedK.SabKR recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)


  • EC_Habitats

Habitat sensitivity

Physical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Substratum Loss High Moderate Moderate Major decline Moderate
Smothering Low Very high Very low Decline Low
Increase in suspended sediment Low Immediate Not sensitive Minor decline Moderate
Decrease in suspended sediment Low Very high Very low Minor decline Moderate
Desiccation Intermediate High Low Decline Low
Increase in emergence regime Intermediate High Low No change Low
Decrease in emergence regime Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Increase in water flow rate Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive Rise Moderate
Decrease in water flow rate Intermediate High Low Decline Moderate
Increase in temperature Intermediate High Low Minor decline Moderate
Decrease in temperature Low Very high Very low No change Low
Increase in turbidity Low High Low No change Moderate
Decrease in turbidity Tolerant* Very high Not sensitive* No change Moderate
Increase in wave exposure Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Decrease in wave exposure Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Noise Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive Not relevant Moderate
Visual Presence Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive Not relevant Moderate
Abrasion & physical disturbance Intermediate High Low Minor decline Moderate
Displacement High Moderate Moderate Decline Low

Chemical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Synthetic compound contamination Low Very high Very low Decline Moderate
Heavy metal contamination Low High Low Decline Moderate
Hydrocarbon contamination Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient Information Not relevant
Radionuclide contamination Insufficient information Insufficient information Insufficient information Not relevant Not relevant
Changes in nutrient levels Low High Low Minor decline Moderate
Increase in salinity High Moderate Moderate Decline Very low
Decrease in salinity Low High Low Decline Low
Changes in oxygenation Low Very high Very low Decline Very low

Biological Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasites Low High Low Low
Introduction of non-native species Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change Moderate
Extraction of this species High Moderate Moderate Decline Low
Extraction of other species Low High Low No change Moderate

Species used to indicate biotope intolerance

Physical factors

Sabellaria spinulosa
Key structural
Laminaria hyperborea
Important characterizing
Delesseria sanguinea
Important characterizing
Lithophyllum incrustans
Important characterizing
Urticina felina
Important characterizing
Substratum LossHighHighHighHighHigh
SmotheringLowLowIntermediateLowLow
Increase in suspended sedimentLowLowLowLowLow
Decrease in suspended sedimentIntermediateTolerant*Tolerant*
DesiccationTolerantHighHighHighIntermediate
Increase in emergence regimeIntermediateHighIntermediateHighIntermediate
Decrease in emergence regimeTolerant*TolerantTolerant*
Increase in water flow rateIntermediateHighIntermediateLowTolerant
Decrease in water flow rateIntermediateLowIntermediate
Increase in temperatureLowHighLowTolerantIntermediate
Decrease in temperatureTolerantTolerantIntermediate
Increase in turbidityTolerantIntermediateTolerantLowTolerant
Decrease in turbidityIntermediateTolerant*Tolerant
Increase in wave exposureIntermediateHighTolerantTolerantTolerant
Decrease in wave exposureIntermediateLowIntermediate
NoiseTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerant
Visual PresenceTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediate
DisplacementHighHighHighLowLow

Chemical factors

Sabellaria spinulosa
Key structural
Laminaria hyperborea
Important characterizing
Delesseria sanguinea
Important characterizing
Lithophyllum incrustans
Important characterizing
Urticina felina
Important characterizing
Synthetic compound contaminationTolerant*LowHighHighIntermediate
Heavy metal contaminationInsufficient informationIntermediateLowInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Hydrocarbon contaminationInsufficient informationLowHighHighLow
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsInsufficient informationIntermediateLowLowInsufficient information
Increase in salinityInsufficient informationIntermediateLowInsufficient informationNot relevant
Decrease in salinityIntermediateIntermediateLow
Changes in oxygenationIntermediateInsufficient informationHighInsufficient informationIntermediate

Biological factors

Sabellaria spinulosa
Key structural
Laminaria hyperborea
Important characterizing
Delesseria sanguinea
Important characterizing
Lithophyllum incrustans
Important characterizing
Urticina felina
Important characterizing
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesInsufficient informationLowInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesInsufficient informationInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Extraction of this speciesNot relevantIntermediateNot relevantNot relevantHigh
Extraction of other speciesIntermediateIntermediateTolerant*IntermediateTolerant

Species used to indicate biotope recoverability

Physical factors

Sabellaria spinulosa
Key structural
Laminaria hyperborea
Important characterizing
Delesseria sanguinea
Important characterizing
Lithophyllum incrustans
Important characterizing
Urticina felina
Important characterizing
Substratum LossHighModerateHighLowModerate
SmotheringImmediateImmediateHighVery highVery high
Increase in suspended sedimentImmediateImmediateImmediateVery highVery high
Decrease in suspended sedimentHighNot relevantNot relevant
DesiccationNot relevantModerateHighLowModerate
Increase in emergence regimeHighModerateHighLowModerate
Decrease in emergence regimeNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Increase in water flow rateHighModerateHighVery highNot relevant
Decrease in water flow rateHighVery highModerate
Increase in temperatureHighModerateImmediateNot relevantHigh
Decrease in temperatureNot relevantNot relevantHigh
Increase in turbidityNot relevantModerateNot relevantVery highNot relevant
Decrease in turbidityHighNot relevantNot relevant
Increase in wave exposureHighModerateNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Decrease in wave exposureHighImmediateHigh
NoiseNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Visual PresenceNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceHighModerateHighHighModerate
DisplacementHighModerateHighVery highImmediate

Chemical factors

Sabellaria spinulosa
Key structural
Laminaria hyperborea
Important characterizing
Delesseria sanguinea
Important characterizing
Lithophyllum incrustans
Important characterizing
Urticina felina
Important characterizing
Synthetic compound contaminationNot relevantImmediateHighLowModerate
Heavy metal contaminationInsufficient informationImmediateVery highNot relevantInsufficient information
Hydrocarbon contaminationInsufficient informationImmediateHighHighVery high
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationNot relevantNot relevantInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsInsufficient informationModerateImmediateHighInsufficient information
Increase in salinityNot relevantModerateImmediateNot relevantNot relevant
Decrease in salinityHighHighVery high
Changes in oxygenationHighNot relevantHighNot relevantHigh

Biological factors

Sabellaria spinulosa
Key structural
Laminaria hyperborea
Important characterizing
Delesseria sanguinea
Important characterizing
Lithophyllum incrustans
Important characterizing
Urticina felina
Important characterizing
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesInsufficient informationImmediateInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesInsufficient informationNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantInsufficient information
Extraction of this speciesNot relevantModerateNot relevantNot relevantModerate
Extraction of other speciesHighModerateNot relevantHighNot relevant

This review can be cited as follows:

Hill, J.M. 2001. Sabellaria spinulosa with kelp and red seaweeds on sand-influenced infralittoral rock. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 27/11/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsensitivity.php?habitatid=144&code=1997>