Biodiversity & Conservation

Fucoids and kelps in deep eulittoral rockpools

LR.LR.Rkp.FK


LR.FK

Image Jon Davies - Fucoids and kelps in deep eulittoral rockpools. Image width ca XX m.
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Distribution map

LR.LR.Rkp.FK recorded (dark blue bullet) and expected (light blue bullet) distribution in Britain and Ireland (see below)



Habitat sensitivity

Physical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Substratum Loss High Moderate Moderate Major decline Low
Smothering High Moderate Moderate Decline Low
Increase in suspended sediment Intermediate High Low Decline Low
Decrease in suspended sediment Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change Low
Desiccation Intermediate High Low Decline Low
Increase in emergence regime High Moderate Moderate Decline Low
Decrease in emergence regime Low Very high Very low Rise Low
Increase in water flow rate Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Moderate
Decrease in water flow rate Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Not relevant Moderate
Increase in temperature Low Very high Very low Minor decline Low
Decrease in temperature Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Increase in turbidity Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Decrease in turbidity Low Very high Very low No change Low
Increase in wave exposure High Moderate Moderate Minor decline Low
Decrease in wave exposure High Moderate Moderate Major decline Low
Noise Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Visual Presence Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change High
Abrasion & physical disturbance Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Displacement High Moderate Moderate Decline Low

Chemical Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Synthetic compound contamination High Moderate Moderate Major decline Low
Heavy metal contamination Intermediate High Low Minor decline Low
Hydrocarbon contamination Intermediate Moderate Moderate Major decline Low
Radionuclide contamination Insufficient information Not relevant Insufficient information Not relevant Not relevant
Changes in nutrient levels Intermediate High Low Decline Low
Increase in salinity Low Very high Very low No change Low
Decrease in salinity Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change Low
Changes in oxygenation Tolerant Not relevant Not sensitive No change Low

Biological Factors

Click factor name to view rationale Intolerance Recoverability Sensitivity Species Richness Evidence / Confidence
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasites Low Very high Very low Low
Introduction of non-native species Intermediate None Very High Decline Moderate
Extraction of this species Intermediate High Low Decline Low
Extraction of other species Low Very high Very low No change Low

Species used to indicate biotope intolerance

Physical factors

Laminaria digitata
Important characterizing
Saccharina latissima
Important characterizing
Fucus serratus
Important characterizing
Halidrys siliquosa
Important characterizing
Palmaria palmata
Important Structural
Chondrus crispus
Important Structural
Ceramium virgatum
Important Structural
Corallina officinalis
Important Structural
Littorina littorea
Important functional
Patella vulgata
Important functional
Substratum LossHighHighHighHighHighHighHighHighHighHigh
SmotheringIntermediateHighHighIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateHighHigh
Increase in suspended sedimentIntermediateLowLowLowLowIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateLow
Decrease in suspended sedimentTolerant*TolerantTolerantTolerant*Low
DesiccationIntermediateHighIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateHighHighLowLow
Increase in emergence regimeIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateLowLow
Decrease in emergence regimeTolerant*Tolerant*TolerantTolerant
Increase in water flow rateLowLowIntermediateHighIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateLowIntermediateLow
Decrease in water flow rateIntermediateLowIntermediateTolerant
Increase in temperatureIntermediateIntermediateTolerantTolerantIntermediateLowLowIntermediateLowLow
Decrease in temperatureIntermediateTolerantLowLow
Increase in turbidityIntermediateLowLowIntermediateLowLowTolerantLowLowLow
Decrease in turbidityTolerant*Tolerant*Tolerant*Tolerant
Increase in wave exposureLowHighHighHighIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateLowIntermediateLow
Decrease in wave exposureTolerant*LowTolerant
NoiseTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerantNot relevantTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerantLow
Visual PresenceTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerantNot relevantTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerantTolerant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateLowHighLowIntermediateLow
DisplacementHighIntermediateHighHighHighHighHighLowTolerantIntermediate

Chemical factors

Laminaria digitata
Important characterizing
Saccharina latissima
Important characterizing
Fucus serratus
Important characterizing
Halidrys siliquosa
Important characterizing
Palmaria palmata
Important Structural
Chondrus crispus
Important Structural
Ceramium virgatum
Important Structural
Corallina officinalis
Important Structural
Littorina littorea
Important functional
Patella vulgata
Important functional
Synthetic compound contaminationIntermediateLowHighIntermediateHighHighHighIntermediateLowHigh
Heavy metal contaminationIntermediateIntermediateLowLowIntermediateInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationIntermediateIntermediate
Hydrocarbon contaminationLowLowIntermediateLowHighLowHighLowHighHigh
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsLowIntermediateIntermediateTolerant*IntermediateIntermediateTolerant*LowTolerantLow
Increase in salinityNot relevantHighLowLowIntermediateTolerantNot relevantIntermediateTolerantLow
Decrease in salinityIntermediateLowLowLow
Changes in oxygenationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationLowInsufficient informationLowInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationLowIntermediate

Biological factors

Laminaria digitata
Important characterizing
Saccharina latissima
Important characterizing
Fucus serratus
Important characterizing
Halidrys siliquosa
Important characterizing
Palmaria palmata
Important Structural
Chondrus crispus
Important Structural
Ceramium virgatum
Important Structural
Corallina officinalis
Important Structural
Littorina littorea
Important functional
Patella vulgata
Important functional
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesLowIntermediateInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient informationIntermediateInsufficient informationLowInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesLowInsufficient informationInsufficient informationHighNot relevantInsufficient informationTolerant*Not relevantInsufficient informationNot relevant
Extraction of this speciesIntermediateIntermediateIntermediateNot relevantIntermediateIntermediateNot relevantIntermediateIntermediateIntermediate
Extraction of other speciesIntermediateInsufficient informationTolerantTolerant*IntermediateInsufficient informationNot relevantIntermediateTolerantLow

Species used to indicate biotope recoverability

Physical factors

Laminaria digitata
Important characterizing
Saccharina latissima
Important characterizing
Fucus serratus
Important characterizing
Halidrys siliquosa
Important characterizing
Palmaria palmata
Important Structural
Chondrus crispus
Important Structural
Ceramium virgatum
Important Structural
Corallina officinalis
Important Structural
Littorina littorea
Important functional
Patella vulgata
Important functional
Substratum LossHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highHighHighHigh
SmotheringHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highVery highHighHigh
Increase in suspended sedimentHighHighVery highVery highHighHighVery highVery highHighHigh
Decrease in suspended sedimentNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantHigh
DesiccationHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highHighImmediateHigh
Increase in emergence regimeHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highVery highImmediateHigh
Decrease in emergence regimeNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Increase in water flow rateHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highVery highHighHigh
Decrease in water flow rateHighImmediateHighNot relevant
Increase in temperatureHighHighNot relevantNot relevantHighVery highVery highHighImmediateHigh
Decrease in temperatureHighNot relevantVery highVery high
Increase in turbidityHighHighVery highHighVery highVery highNot relevantImmediateVery highVery high
Decrease in turbidityNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Increase in wave exposureHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highVery highHighHigh
Decrease in wave exposureNot relevantVery highNot relevant
NoiseNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantHigh
Visual PresenceNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantNot relevant
Abrasion & physical disturbanceHighVery highHighHighHighVery highVery highHighHighVery high
DisplacementHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highHighNot relevantHigh

Chemical factors

Laminaria digitata
Important characterizing
Saccharina latissima
Important characterizing
Fucus serratus
Important characterizing
Halidrys siliquosa
Important characterizing
Palmaria palmata
Important Structural
Chondrus crispus
Important Structural
Ceramium virgatum
Important Structural
Corallina officinalis
Important Structural
Littorina littorea
Important functional
Patella vulgata
Important functional
Synthetic compound contaminationHighHighHighHighHighHighVery highHighVery highHigh
Heavy metal contaminationHighHighHighVery highHighInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationHighHigh
Hydrocarbon contaminationHighHighHighVery highHighVery highVery highVery highHighHigh
Radionuclide contaminationInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Changes in nutrient levelsHighHighHighNot relevantHighHighNot relevantVery highNot relevantHigh
Increase in salinityNoneHighVery highVery highHighNot relevantNot relevantHighNot relevantHigh
Decrease in salinityVery highVery highVery highVery high
Changes in oxygenationInsufficient informationNot relevantVery highNot relevantImmediateInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationVery highHigh

Biological factors

Laminaria digitata
Important characterizing
Saccharina latissima
Important characterizing
Fucus serratus
Important characterizing
Halidrys siliquosa
Important characterizing
Palmaria palmata
Important Structural
Chondrus crispus
Important Structural
Ceramium virgatum
Important Structural
Corallina officinalis
Important Structural
Littorina littorea
Important functional
Patella vulgata
Important functional
Introduction of microbial pathogens/parasitesHighHighInsufficient informationNot relevantNot relevantHighNot relevantVery highInsufficient informationInsufficient information
Introduction of non-native speciesInsufficient informationNot relevantInsufficient informationHighNot relevantInsufficient informationVery highNot relevantInsufficient informationNot relevant
Extraction of this speciesHighHighHighNot relevantHighHighNot relevantHighHighHigh
Extraction of other speciesHighNot relevantNot relevantNot relevantHighInsufficient informationNot relevantHighNot relevantHigh

This review can be cited as follows:

Tyler-Walters, H. 2005. Fucoids and kelps in deep eulittoral rockpools. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 21/09/2014]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/habitatsensitivity.php?habitatid=282&code=1997>